With the development of technology and medicine, many diseases were discovered along with it. Many health conditions that were not previously seen or recognized as diseases have also emerged or been discovered. Of course, the science of psychology also got its share from all these developments. Many mental conditions or illnesses that used to be ignored or simply considered ” insanity ” have become more understandable. In the light of all these developments, we examined the most dangerous psychological diseases, item by item.
Here are some of the most dangerous mental illnesses:
1- Alice in Wonderland Syndrome
Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a rare neurological disorder characterized by distortions of visual perception, body image, and time experience. People affected by this condition may see things smaller than they are, feel their bodies change in size, or experience any of the numerous other symptoms of the syndrome. Because Alice in Wonderland syndrome has many known causes, the diagnosis requires a thorough neurological examination. The most common cause in children is inflammation of the brain, while in adults it is migraine.
2- Alien hand syndrome
Alien hand syndrome , also known as alien hand syndrome , is a rare neurological condition that causes a hand to move of its own free will. In alien hand syndrome, the hand is not under the control of the mind and acts as if it has a mind of its own. As the hand moves during these attacks, the affected person believes they are out of their control. Alien hand syndrome usually affects adults, but in rare cases it can also affect children. Various factors can cause foreign hand syndrome. Some people develop alien hand syndrome after a stroke, brain injury, or tumor. Sometimes cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and brain aneurysms can also be related to foreign hand syndrome.
Apetomnophilia is a rare psychological disorder in which there is a mismatch between mental body image and physical body, manifested by an intense desire to amputate a limb, usually a leg, or to be blind or deaf. The afflicted person sometimes has feelings of sexual arousal associated with a desire to lose a limb or sensation, meaning he is aroused by the prospect of having a limb amputated. Some satisfy their desires by claiming to have their limbs amputated using prostheses and other tools.
Boanthropy is a psychological disorder in which the patient believes he is a cow or an ox. It should be fairly easy to spot a patient suffering from boanthropy, probably because he may be chewing grass on all fours. Boanthropy is a rare disorder, so there are no scientific studies other than case studies. One of the most famous examples of boantopy appears in the Old Testament book. In the Daniel chapter of the Old Testament, there is a king named Nebuchadnezzar II. This king is quite famous and is described in the scripture as follows: He had lost his humanity and was walking on all fours and eating green grass like an ox.
5- Capgras fallacy
Another of the most dangerous mental illnesses is the Capgras fallacy . People who experience this condition have an irrational belief that someone they know has been replaced by an impostor. For example, they may accuse their partner of impersonating their real partner. In some cases, the person experiencing the delusion may believe that an animal, object, or even a house is dishonest. Capgras error can affect anyone, but it is more common in women. In rare cases, it can also affect children. Capgras syndrome is most often associated with Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. Both of these affect memory and can change your perception of reality.
6- Clinical lycanthropy
People suffering from clinical lycanthropy often believe that they can transform into an animal. Sometimes this psychological disorder is observed only in the context of belief, while some affected individuals exhibit animal-like behavior. Lycanthropic syndromes are frequently observed in schizophrenia, affective disorders, psychoses, use of psychotropic substances and alcohol abuse.
7- Cotard sanrısı
Cotard’s delusion is a psychological problem that can be considered the most dangerous psychological illness. Cotard’s delusion is manifested by the false belief that all or parts of your body are dead, dying, or nonexistent. It usually occurs with severe depression and some psychotic disorders. Cotard’s delusion may accompany other mental illnesses and neurological problems. One of the main symptoms of Cotard’s delusion is nihilism. Nihilism is the belief that nothing has value or meaning. It may also include the belief that nothing really exists.
8- Diogenes syndrome
Diogenes syndrome occurs when a person does not take care of themselves or their surroundings, leading to poor hygiene and possibly some health and social problems. Diogenes syndrome often occurs along with other conditions, such as dementia. People with this condition often show severe signs of self-neglect, social isolation and hoarding and can live in unsanitary conditions. The affected person does not make a conscious decision to do so. The current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM 5) does not consider it a psychiatric condition, as Diogenes syndrome often co-occurs with other conditions and there is little research on the subject.
9- Dissociative identity disorder
People with dissociative identity disorder have two or more separate identities; Therefore, we did not see any harm in listing it among the most dangerous psychological diseases. People with this problem reveal each of their personalities at different times and situations. Each identity has its own personal history, characteristics, likes and dislikes. Dissociative identity disorder can lead to memory gaps and hallucinations (believing that something is real when it isn’t). Dissociative identity disorder is also known as multiple personality disorder or split personality disorder.
10- Factitious disorders
Factitious disorder is a serious mental health disorder that produces physical or mental illness, in which a person appears sick even though they are not. People with factitious disorders deliberately produce symptoms of illness in order to receive care and attention in a medical setting. Factitious disorder is considered a mental illness. A factitious disorder is associated with severe emotional difficulties and the likelihood that patients harm themselves by continuing to produce more symptoms, causing them to receive unnecessary procedures and surgeries.
11- Klüver-Bucy syndrome
Klüver-Bucy syndrome is a rare behavioral disorder associated with damage to both anterior temporal lobes of the brain. This syndrome causes individuals to put objects in their mouths and engage in inappropriate sexual behavior. Other symptoms include visual agnosia (inability to visually recognize objects), loss of normal fear and anger responses, memory loss, distractibility, seizures, and dementia. This disorder is thought to be associated with herpes encephalitis and trauma, which can cause brain damage.
12- Obsessive compulsive disorder
It’s normal to go back and double-check that the iron is unplugged from time to time, or worry that you might have a germ, or even have an unpleasant, violent thought from time to time. But if you suffer from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors become so frightening that they affect your daily life. OCD is an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts and ritualized, repetitive behaviors that you feel compelled to perform . If you have OCD, you probably find that your obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational; but even so, you feel like you can’t resist them and get rid of them.
13- Paris syndrome
Paris Syndrome is a feeling of disappointment exhibited by some who visit Paris and feel that the city is not what they expected. Paris syndrome is often seen as a severe form of culture shock. Paris syndrome can present with a range of psychiatric symptoms such as acute delusions, hallucinations, derealization, depersonalization, anxiety, as well as psychosomatics. Although Paris syndrome is usually observed in Japanese tourists, it has also been seen in many people from different countries.
14- Peter Pan syndrome
Have you ever said “I can’t be an adult today”? People with Peter Pan syndrome tend to live by this philosophy every day. People with Peter Pan syndrome may have dishes piling up in the sink and avoid doing laundry until they have nothing clean to wear. People close to them often help them to make their home a little more livable. Because of all this, people with Peter Pan syndrome may seem a little helpless, but it is their conscious choice.
15- Stendhal syndrome
Stendahl Syndrome is a psychosomatic illness that is apparently only temporary, thankfully. The syndrome occurs when the patient is exposed to a large amount of art in a place or other highly artistic setting. Those who experience this strange, yet frightening mental disorder report sudden rapid heartbeats, extreme anxiety, confusion, dizziness, and even hallucinations. Stendahl Syndrome is named after a 19th-century French writer who detailed his experience after a trip to Florence in 1817.