Bone pain is less common than other types of pain, so it can scare the affected person. However, bone pain should not be a cause for concern most of the time, as it is easily relieved with personal precautions. However, some causes of bone pain are more serious and require medical supervision. Below you will learn about 8 possible causes of bone pain. 

Bone pain: What you need to know

While not as common as bone pain , muscle pain or joint pain , it can be a sign of a serious injury or condition. Bone pain can range from mild to severe, depending on the cause. Many people with acute bone pain experience nausea , often due to the intensity of the pain caused by a fracture . But whether you are experiencing bone tenderness or acute pain, you should see a doctor to investigate the underlying cause. Now, let’s learn more about the most common causes of bone pain and when the pain can be an emergency.

Bone pain: Causes

bone fracture

Bone fracture is the most obvious cause of bone pain. A fracture may be the result of an accident or fall, or it may be spontaneous, as in any sport. People with osteoporosis (bone loss) are particularly at risk because they have more fragile bones. If you suspect you have a broken bone, you should go to the emergency room as soon as possible. An untreated fracture can cause serious complications and may not heal properly.

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Osteomyelitis (bone infection)

Osteomyelitis is not a common type of infection. The infection most often affects the ends of the leg bones in children, while the vertebrae and pelvis are the most affected areas in adults. Osteomyelitis can occur after a bone fracture, from bacteria in the bloodstream, or from an open wound that becomes infected and progresses to the bone. Symptoms include bone tenderness or pain, fever, nausea, and swelling or redness around the area .

sickle cell anemia

Blood diseases such as sickle cell anemia can interfere with blood flow in blood vessels. These blockages can cause bone pain. People with sickle cell anemia may have several or more episodes of bone pain. Bone pain can be very intense; This is called a crisis. Those who experience pain attacks often need to be hospitalized to stabilize the pain. Doctors use strong analgesics such as opioids and other treatments such as blood transfusions. Bone pain may last only a few hours or take weeks to go away.

bone cancer

Cancers that cause bone pain include several types of bone cancer, including chondrosarcoma, chordoma, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma . Bone cancer symptoms may include bone pain, but bone cancer is usually detected after someone has broken a bone. Bone cancer weakens your bones and makes them susceptible to fracture. When an X-ray is taken, the radiologist can detect abnormalities that may be related to bone cancer.


Some types of cancer, such as leukemia, lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndromes, and myeloma, can all cause bone pain, mostly in the arms, legs, and ribs. Pain is caused by cancerous cells accumulating in the bone marrow. For some people, bone pain is the first noticeable symptom of the disease. Bone pain may decrease or go away completely when you are treated for cancer. Blood cancers can also weaken your bones, leading to osteoporosis and brittle bones.

Some drugs used in treatment

Cancer treatments usually involve several powerful drugs, which can sometimes have serious side effects or complications. Bone pain is a common complaint, especially with some chemotherapy drugs (such as nab-paclitaxel, docetaxel or methotrexate). Bisphosphonates given to people with osteoporosis are another possible cause of bone pain. If you are receiving such treatments, it is recommended that you tell your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe a different medicine or adjust the dose.

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Treatment after chemotherapy

Chemotherapy for cancer treatment weakens your immune system by depleting your white blood cells. These are cells that help you fight infections. A weak immune system makes it easier for you to develop infections and related complications. Oncologists may prescribe the drug filgrastim to patients after each treatment session to stimulate white blood cell growth. The drug is administered by injection or intravenously. One of the side effects of Filgrastim, affecting more than 30% of patients, is bone pain, which can range from uncomfortable to very painful.

Coccyx problems

Coccyx pain , also called coccydynia or coccygodynia , is a common pain with many possible causes, from falling on your back to sitting on a hard seat for too long. Even a vaginal delivery can cause coccyx pain. In most cases, the pain is not serious and goes away on its own. Consult your pharmacist if taking over-the-counter pain relievers ( such as ibuprofen ), applying ice to the coccyx area, and sitting on soft cushions do not help, you should see your doctor.

As a result

As you will see above, there are many causes of bone pain. Some of these will go away with self-care treatments (such as ice, relaxation, and massage), while others may require more professional treatments. If you have bone pain and it does not go away, it is recommended to see a doctor. Likewise, for severe bone pain, you should see your doctor without wasting time.

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