4 Important Causes of Pain and Tingling in the Legs

What is pain and tingling in the legs? Why does it happen? Is it a serious situation? When should you see a doctor? How does it go? What’s good? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

Is pain and tingling in the legs serious?

Pain and tingling in the legs can range from a mild aching to an intense stabbing sensation. Most leg pain and tingling is caused by overuse or minor injury. The discomfort usually disappears within a short time and can be alleviated with home remedies. However, in some cases , tingling and pain in the legs can be caused by a serious medical condition. You should see your doctor if you experience severe or persistent leg pain and aching.

Getting a prompt diagnosis and treatment for any underlying condition can prevent the pain from getting worse and improve the long-term condition. Some of the more common causes of leg pain and aching are minor or temporary conditions that your doctor can treat effectively.

What causes pain and tingling in the legs?

Some of the common causes of aches and pains in the legs include:

1. Cramps

The primary cause of aching and pain problems in the legs is usually a muscle cramp or spasm. The cramp usually triggers a sudden, sharp pain as the leg muscles contract. Tightened muscles often appear under the skin, forming a hard lump. There may also be some redness and swelling in the surrounding area. Muscle fatigue and dehydration can cause leg cramps, especially in the calf. Some medications, such as diuretics and statins, can also cause leg cramps in some people.

2. Injuries

Pain and aching in the legs is often a sign of injury, such as:

  • Muscle strain: A common injury that occurs when muscle fibers are torn as a result of overstretching. It usually occurs in larger muscles such as the kneecap, calf, or quadriceps.
  • Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon. Tendons are thick cords that connect muscle to bone. When they become inflamed, it may be difficult to move the affected joint. Tendinitis usually affects the tendons in the knee tendons or near the heel bone.
  • Knee bursitis: It occurs when the fluid-filled sacs or bursa surrounding the knee joint become inflamed.
  • Shin splints: Cause pain along the inner edge of the shinbone or shinbone. Injury can occur when the muscles around the shinbone are torn as a result of overuse.
  • Stress fractures: These are small breaks in the leg bones, especially the shinbone.
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3. Medical conditions

Certain medical conditions often cause leg pain and aching. These include:

  • Atherosclerosis: It is the narrowing and hardening of the arteries due to the accumulation of fat and cholesterol. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood throughout your body. When there is a blockage, it reduces blood flow to various parts of your body. If the tissues in the leg do not receive enough oxygen, it can cause pain and aching, especially in the calf.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): It occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein located deep in the body. A blood clot is a solid form of blood. DVTs typically occur in the lower leg after prolonged bed rest and cause swelling and pain.
  • Arthritis: Inflammation of the joints. This can cause swelling, pain, and redness in the affected area. It usually affects the joints in the knees and hips.
  • Gout: A type of arthritis that can occur when too much uric acid builds up in the body. It usually causes pain, swelling, tingling and redness in the feet and lower legs.
  • Varicose veins: They are knotted and enlarged veins that form when the veins fill with blood due to insufficient valves. They often appear swollen or puffy and can be painful. They mostly occur in the calves and ankles.
  • Infections: Infection in the leg bone or tissues can cause swelling, redness, or pain in the affected area.
  • Nerve damage: Nerve damage in the leg can cause numbness, tingling, pain, or tingling. It is also possible to experience a feeling of coldness in the legs . It usually occurs on the feet and lower legs due to diabetes .
  • Colds : Viral infections that cause colds and flu can also cause pain and tingling in the legs, along with chills.

4. Other reasons

The following conditions and injuries can also cause aching and pain in the legs, but are less common causes:

  • Slipped disc: Also known as a herniated disc, a slipped disc can compress nerves in the spine. This can trigger pain that travels from your spine to your arms and legs.
  • Osgood-Schlatter disease: It occurs when the tendon that attaches the kneecap to the shinbone is stretched. It pulls on the tibia cartilage where it attaches to the bone. It causes a painful lump under the knee, causing tenderness and swelling around the knee. It is primarily seen in adolescents who experience growth spurts during puberty.
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease: Caused by the interruption of blood flow to the hip joint area. The lack of blood supply severely damages the bone and can permanently deform it. These abnormalities often cause pain, especially around the hip, thigh, or knee. This occurs primarily during adolescence.
  • Displacement of the femoral head epiphysis: It is the separation of the hip joint area from the thigh bone and causes hip pain. The condition only occurs in children, especially those who are overweight.
  • Benign tumors: Non-cancerous or benign tumors can develop in the thighbone or shinbone, causing pain and soreness.
  • Malignant tumors: Malignant or cancerous bone tumors can form in the larger leg bones, such as the thighbone or shinbone.
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How do you get rid of pain and tingling in the legs?

If leg aches and pains are usually caused by cramps or a minor injury, you can treat it yourself. In such cases, you can try the following home remedies:

  • Rest your leg as much as possible and elevate your leg with pillows.
  • Use an over-the-counter pain reliever such as aspirin or ibuprofen to ease the discomfort while your leg heals .
  • Go for compression stockings or padded stockings.

apply ice

Apply ice to the affected area of ​​your leg at least four times a day. You can do this even more often in the first few days after the pain appears. You can apply ice to the aching and aching area for up to 15 minutes at a time.

Take a warm bath and stretch

Take a warm bath and then gently stretch your muscles. If you have aches and pains in the lower part of your leg, try to stretch it by moving your toes. If you have pain in your upper leg, try to bend over and touch your toes. You can do this while sitting on the floor or standing up. You can try this by holding each position for five to 10 seconds. If your pain gets worse, stop yawning.

When should you see a doctor?

It can sometimes be difficult to determine when to go to the doctor or the emergency room for leg aches and pains . It is a good idea to see a doctor if you experience the following:

  • If you have swelling in both legs
  • If the discomfort is caused by varicose veins
  • If you experience pain while walking
  • If the pain and tingling continues to worsen or does not go away after a few days
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You should seek help immediately if any of the following occur:

  • if you have a fever
  • If you have a deep cut on your leg
  • If your leg is red and hot
  • If your leg is pale and cold to the touch
  • You have difficulty breathing and have swelling in both legs
  • If you have trouble walking or can’t put weight on your leg
  • If you have a leg injury accompanied by a squeaking sound

A number of serious conditions and injuries can cause leg pain and aching. You should never ignore leg pain that seems to go away or is accompanied by other symptoms. Because doing so can be dangerous. If you are concerned about your leg pain, do not hesitate to see your doctor.

Which doctor should I go to for leg pain?

The first doctor to go to for leg pain should be your  family doctor. Because there are many causes of leg pain, it is impossible to know what expertise you need without understanding why. Your family doctor will decide which doctor you should go to after examining you and listening to your complaints.

Can pain and aching in the legs be prevented?

You should always take time to stretch your muscles before and after exercise to prevent leg pain and aches from physical activity. It is also helpful to eat foods high in potassium, such as bananas and chicken, to help prevent injury to leg muscles and tendons.

You can help prevent medical conditions that can cause nerve damage in the legs by doing the following:

  • Exercise for 30 minutes a day, five days a week.
  • Maintain your healthy weight.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Monitor your cholesterol and blood pressure and take steps to keep it under control.
  • Limit your alcohol consumption to one drink per day if you’re a woman or two per day if you’re a man.

You can talk to your doctor about other ways to prevent certain causes of leg aches and pains.

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