Bleeding After Sex During Pregnancy

What is bleeding after sex during pregnancy?

Some women may experience bleeding after intercourse during pregnancy and wonder if this is normal and what they can do to prevent it from happening. Although bleeding after intercourse during pregnancy is not usually caused by a serious condition, it can also be caused by more serious reasons in some cases. Therefore, it is important that you learn about all the causes of bleeding after intercourse during pregnancy.

Related article: All about sex during pregnancy

What causes bleeding after sex during pregnancy?

It is safe to have sex during the first trimester of pregnancy, unless your doctor tells you otherwise . You may need to try new positions, especially as your belly grows, but in general, not much should change in your pre-pregnancy bedroom sessions. However, you may experience some new side effects, such as vaginal discharge or bleeding after intercourse.

But you don’t have to worry. Discharge or light bleeding is quite common in the first trimester. In fact, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says that about 15 to 25 percent of women will experience bleeding during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. ( Source )

With that in mind, below are typical causes of post-coital bleeding during pregnancy:

1- Implantation bleeding

You may experience bleeding after sexual intercourse during pregnancy after a fertilized egg implants in the lining of the uterus. This bleeding is usually mild and can last 2 to 7 days. Even if you are not pregnant, it is not unusual to experience bleeding after intercourse. Also, if you’re experiencing implantation bleeding, some of the blood you see may have mixed with semen and other mucus.

Read More  What is dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse)?

2- Cervical changes

Your body undergoes significant changes during pregnancy, especially your cervix is ​​one of the areas that changes the most. Painless, short-lived, pinkish, brown, or light red blood-like discharge after intercourse is a normal response to changes in your cervix, especially in the first few months.

Because your cervix becomes more sensitive during pregnancy, a small amount of bleeding may occur if the cervix is ​​injured during deep penetration or a physical examination.

3- Vaginal racerations

D. , an obstetrician and gynecologist at NYC Health and Hospitals . Kecia Gaither says you can experience vaginal tears or cuts with excessively rough sex or the use of toys. This can result in rupture of the thin epithelium of the vagina and cause vaginal bleeding.

4- Servical ecropion

The aforementioned Dr. Gaither says your cervix may become more sensitive during pregnancy and you may bleed easily during or after intercourse. Cervical ectropion is also the most common cause of bleeding towards the end of your pregnancy.

5- Infection

A gynecologist and obstetrician, Dr. Tamika Cross says trauma or infection can cause post-coital bleeding. If you have an infection, the culprit could be cervicitis, which is inflammation of the cervix. Cervicitis symptoms include:

  • Itching
  • bloody vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal discharge ( pregnancy discharge article may interest you)
  • pain during sexual intercourse

6- Premature birth symptom

Bleeding after intercourse during pregnancy may have nothing to do with your sexual activity and it could be an early sign of labor. Dr. Tamika Cross says you may experience a bloody mucus discharge when you reach the end of your pregnancy. This occurs as a result of your mucus plug becoming loose or dislodged.

Causes of more serious bleeding after intercourse during pregnancy

In some cases, bleeding after intercourse may indicate a more serious problem, especially if the amount of blood is more than mild discharge.

Read More  What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, heavy bleeding after intercourse is not normal and should be addressed immediately. They also emphasize that the further you progress in your pregnancy, the more serious the consequences.

If you experience heavy or prolonged bleeding after sexual activity while pregnant, you should contact your doctor. Because you could have one of the more serious medical conditions.

Here are the causes of more serious bleeding after intercourse during pregnancy:

1- Detachment of the placenta

Dr. Gaither says that if the placenta separates from the uterine wall during pregnancy, you may experience abruptio placentae, a potentially life-threatening condition for both mother and baby.

With the interruption of the placenta, you may experience abdominal pain or back pain during and after sexual intercourse, as well as vaginal bleeding.

Related article: Abdominal pain after sexual intercourse

2- Placenta previa

When the placenta covers the cervix, your doctor will likely diagnose you with placenta previa. Dr. This can cause disastrous, life-threatening bleeding during intercourse, Gaither says.

This usually occurs in the second to third trimester. Sexual intercourse is not a cause of placenta previa, but penetration can cause bleeding.

What makes placenta previa sometimes hard to spot is that the bleeding, though profuse, comes without pain. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the amount of blood.

3- Low

Although sexual intercourse may not cause you to miscarry, if you notice heavy bleeding after penetration, you may be at risk of terminating your pregnancy.

Heavy vaginal bleeding that fills a pad every hour or lasts for several days is the most common sign of miscarriage. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you should see a doctor immediately.

What should be done for bleeding after sexual intercourse during pregnancy?

Any amount of vaginal bleeding after intercourse can trigger some level of anxiety and fear in most expectant mothers. However, since your doctor is an expert in all aspects of pregnancy, it’s a good idea to talk to them.

Read More  7 Weeks Pregnancy

However, if the bleeding is heavy and continuous, or if you have pain in your abdomen or back, you need to go to the emergency room immediately. So your doctor can do a full evaluation to determine the cause of the bleeding.

How is bleeding after sexual intercourse during pregnancy?

The first step in treating bleeding after intercourse is to avoid intercourse, especially if you are dealing with a more serious condition such as placenta previa or placental abruption.

Dr. Beyond that, Cross says, your doctor may recommend pelvic rest, which avoids anything in the vagina, or prescribe antibiotics if you’re dealing with an infection.

Dr. Gaither says medical interventions may be necessary to treat the following conditions , depending on the stage and severity :

  • Medical or surgical treatment and blood transfusion in case of ectopic pregnancy
  • Surgical treatment and blood transfusion for excessive bleeding vaginal lacerations
  • Cesarean section and blood transfusion for placenta previa and placental abruption

Can bleeding be prevented after sexual intercourse during pregnancy?

Since bleeding after intercourse during pregnancy is often caused by underlying problems, there is no single way to prevent it. In some cases, it may be necessary to abstain from sexual activity.

However, if your doctor has cleared you for your sexual activities, you can ask them if a change in sexual positions or reducing the intensity of intercourse would prevent post-coital bleeding. If you are used to pushing the boundaries of sexual intercourse, this may be the time to relax and slow down.

As a result

Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, it is not necessary to abstain from sexual intercourse during pregnancy. However, if you experience light bleeding or discharge after intercourse, note the amount and frequency and share this information with your doctor.

If the bleeding is heavy and continuous, accompanied by severe pain or cramping, you should see your doctor right away.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.