A burning sensation in the neck is often associated with tension or compression of the nerves in the neck. Stretching of the neck ligaments and muscles can also cause a burning sensation in the neck. Numbness, tingling, stinging, pain or stinging sensations may also occur when there is a burning sensation in the neck due to damage to the nerve roots or nerve endings. Whether it is nerve compression or muscle and ligament problems, there is usually restriction in neck movements and aggravation of pain with certain movements.
The protrusion of the discs between the neck vertebrae from where they should normally be is called neck hernia. The dislocated disc may press on the nerve roots. In this case, neck pain, burning sensation in the neck, pain spreading to the arm and numbness may occur. Complaints may increase with certain movements of the head. Neck hernia may develop as a result of trauma, posture disorder or age-related neck calcification. Sometimes nerve compression can occur without a neck hernia. In neck calcification, the bones grow and narrow the channels of the nerves. Tumors that cause a mass effect can also damage nerve fibers.
Occipital neuralgia is a special type of nerve compression in the back of the neck that can cause a burning sensation in the neck. The occipital nerves that run from the top of the spinal cord to the scalp at the back of the head are inflamed or injured. Its symptoms can be confused with migraine.
Brachial Plexus Stretch
Nerve fibers leaving the spinal cord at the neck level form a bundle among themselves and form the nerves going to the arm. This bundle of nerves between the neck and the arm is called the brachial plexus. When the brachial plexus is stretched, burning pain in the neck, shoulder and arm may occur. The brachial plexus may be injured in traumas in which the arm on the other side is pulled down from the shoulder while the neck is turned to one side. Such injuries are seen in sports such as football and wrestling, which are close bilateral struggles.
Traumas that cause stretching or tearing of muscle fibers or ligaments in the neck can cause burning in the neck. Unusually strenuous exercise, carrying heavy loads, or falling asleep in a poor position can lead to injury to muscles and ligaments. In such cases, complaints such as pain and burning are generally limited to the neck, neck and shoulders, and do not spread to the lower levels of the arm. Stiff neck and headache may also occur in neck injuries. Whiplash injury, which is caused by the sudden forward and backward movement of the head in traffic accidents, is a special type of neck injury and can lead to burning in the neck.
Fibromyalgia , also known as soft tissue or muscle rheumatism, can cause many complaints such as common and chronic muscle pain, sleep disturbance, intestinal problems, swelling in the hands and feet, and fatigue. Numbness in the hands and feet, burning in the back and neck are common in fibromyalgia patients.
Meningitis, an infection of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, is a serious problem. Complaints such as fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, blurred consciousness, neck stiffness as well as a burning sensation in the neck can be seen. Neck pain due to meningitis worsens with tilting the head forward, this is called nuchal rigidity.
Another infection that can cause burning in the neck is shingles. The first symptom of shingles may be burning on the neck or back, then rash and blisters may occur on the skin.
If head trauma causes bleeding in the skull, it may cause symptoms such as confusion, nausea, vomiting, headache, speech disorder, weakness in the arms and legs, as well as complaints such as numbness, burning and numbness in the neck, arms or legs.