Butterfly Disease (Lupus): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Butterfly disease, also known as lupus, is a disease of the body’s immune system. While the causes are not yet fully known, options exist for treating the symptoms and complications of lupus. You can find more information below.

What is butterfly disease (lupus)?

Butterfly disease , also known as lupus , is a chronic disease that belongs to the class of autoimmune diseases in which the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues. The causes of butterfly disease (lupus) are not known for certain. However, as with many diseases, it is probably caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. As you will see below, there are many forms of butterfly disease:

  1. Systemic lupus erythematosus, also known as SLE:
    A form of lupus that affects almost any organ or system.
  2. Discoid lupus:
    It is usually milder and is a form of lupus that often only causes skin-related symptoms.
  3. Subacute cutaneous lupus:
    A milder form of lupus with symptoms similar to discoid lupus.
  4. Drug-induced lupus:
    This is a form of lupus triggered by certain drugs. It disappears after the trigger drug is stopped.

The symptoms of lupus can be vague because each affected person is affected differently. The most common symptoms are pain, stiffness or swelling in the joints, skin rashes , fever and feeling tired. Butterfly disease is difficult to diagnose and can take a lot of time to make a correct diagnosis.

Butterfly disease (lupus) symptoms and complications can be treated. Most people affected by the disease can manage the disease and enjoy a good quality of life by taking effective treatments and adopting a healthy lifestyle.

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What causes butterfly disease (lupus)?

Lupus is a disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own normal cells. This is a similar way in which the body uses the immune system to fight an infection.

Butterfly disease (lupus) is a chronic autoimmune disease that can affect many different parts of the body. The disease begins when the immune system mistakenly attacks normal, healthy tissue, causing chronic inflammation and tissue damage.

It is still unknown what causes the formation of antibodies that cause such an action. It’s likely due to a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors.

Some of the possible triggers of butterfly disease include:

  • Exposure to too much sunlight (or other UV light)
  • Changes in hormones (women aged 15 to 45 are most often affected)
  • Some drugs and chemicals
  • Infections
  • Food preferences
  • anxiety and stress
  • Pregnancy
  • hereditary factors

What are the symptoms of butterfly disease (lupus)?

Different people have different symptoms. A person with lupus may have different symptoms at different times, the symptoms may be vague, and the course of the disease may be uncertain. Some people have relatively few symptoms after the initial recurrence of the disease, while others may have the disease go away. However, although the disease disappears, it tends to recur later on.

The most common lupus symptoms include:

  • Pain, stiffness, or swelling in the joints
  • skin rash that may appear or worsen after sun exposure
  • High fever
  • feeling tired and weak

Less common symptoms include:

  • Anorexia and weight loss
  • hair loss
  • Muscle pains
  • ulcers in the mouth
  • chest pain
  • kidney problems
  • Depression
  • seizures
  • vision problems
  • lymph node swelling
  • Anemia (anemia)

How is butterfly disease (lupus) diagnosed?

People with lupus have vague symptoms that make diagnosis difficult and, as a result, it can take some time to get a diagnosis. Different people have different symptoms, and the affected person may have different symptoms at different times.

Diagnosis is mainly based on your doctor talking to you and examining you. He or she will ask you a series of questions about your symptoms and then do some blood tests . These usually include an anti-nuclear antibody test , which measures for antibodies against your own tissues, and a number of other tests. However, it should be kept in mind that one test is not enough to make a diagnosis.

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Sometimes the diagnosis cannot be made immediately and may take time. That’s why you may need to visit your doctor regularly and note your symptoms. It is very important to give your doctor a good health history for early diagnosis so that the correct diagnosis and treatment can become clear sooner.

How is butterfly disease (lupus) treated?

The symptoms and complications of lupus are treatable. Most people affected by this disease can manage the disease and have a good quality of life by adopting effective treatments and a healthy lifestyle.


Drug therapy should be carefully adapted to the individual course of the disease. Various anti-inflammatory drugs may be sufficient for cases with mild symptoms such as joint pain. Special ointments also help against reddening of the skin. If the joints and skin are affected simultaneously and more severely, it may require more specific medications that your doctor will prescribe. You may also need different medications for different symptoms. But the thing to keep in mind is that if you are on medication you should have some tests done regularly.

Remember, your doctor will decide which medicine to take and how.

What is good for butterfly disease?

Because lupus causes fatigue, it’s important to get enough sleep and rest during the day. Being physically active on a regular basis improves the well-being and resilience of people affected by the disease and can help counteract daytime fatigue. If the joints are affected, use energy-saving bottle openers, grip aids, body care aids, etc. ergonomic behaviors and helps protect joints.

Patients affected by lupus should adopt a balanced and nutritious eating pattern. A good food choice is a traditional Mediterranean meal with plenty of vegetables and fruits, as well as oils that inhibit inflammation (like fish) or at least anti-inflammatory olive oil. To prevent osteoporosis, you should not neglect to take enough calcium and vitamin D3.

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The harmful rays of the sun often increase the rash on the body, and sometimes the general symptoms and other organ symptoms. Therefore, it is important to limit sun exposure and protect yourself from the sun. Other things to butterfly disease; quitting smoking, being at a healthy weight, keeping cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar at normal levels.

As a result

If you have butterfly disease, you need to make good and healthy decisions about your lifestyle. This disease can be easily managed with a healthy lifestyle along with the treatments recommended by your doctor.

If you suffer from butterfly disease, the following suggestions will do you good:

  • get lots of rest
  • Learning to avoid and manage stress
  • moderate exercise regularly and without exerting yourself too much
  • Finding and avoiding triggers (common triggers include being stressed, too much sun, cold and foods like alfalfa, tomatoes, potatoes or corn)
  • Healthy eating habits that include all food groups
  • avoiding contact with infected people
  • If you smoke, quit or significantly reduce smoking
  • Not drinking alcohol, if you do, limit it as much as possible

Other ways to manage butterfly disease include:

  • Having a good knowledge of lupus
  • Working closely with your treating doctors
  • Always take your medicines as directed
  • Join a support group

Frequently asked Questions

Is butterfly disease deadly?

Butterfly disease is not a fatal disease. The vast majority of those affected can easily manage the disease with appropriate treatment and lifestyle.

Is butterfly disease contagious?

Butterfly disease is not a contagious disease, it is not even transmitted through sexual contact. It is usually caused by a combination of genetic and environmental influences.

At what age does butterfly disease appear?

Butterfly disease can affect people of all ages. But it usually tends to affect people aged 15 to 45 years.

Is there a cure for butterfly disease?

Yes, there is a cure for butterfly disease. However, the treatment is for the symptoms, there is no treatment to cure the disease.

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