What causes left kidney pain? Is it a serious situation? What is it a sign of? Do you need to see a doctor? How does it go? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

Is left kidney pain serious?

The kidneys are located under the rib cage, on either side of the spine, and the kidney on the left is slightly higher than on the right. These bean-shaped organs filter waste from your body as part of the urinary system and have many other important jobs.

Left kidney pain may feel like a sharp pain or a dull ache in your left side. You may have upper back pain or the pain may radiate to your stomach. Left kidney pain can be due to many reasons other than kidney. For example, in medical conditions such as surrounding muscle or tissue damage, joint problems, you may feel as if your kidney is hurting.

Most kidney problems, including left kidney pain, get better with very mild treatments or no treatment at all, but it’s important to watch for other symptoms and know when to visit your doctor.

What causes left kidney pain?

1- Dehydration (thirst)

Not drinking enough water can cause pain in one or both kidneys. water loss; may occur with sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, or too much urine output. Conditions such as diabetes can also cause a decrease in water in the body. Severe or chronic thirst can build up waste in your kidneys, causing kidney pain . Symptoms of thirst in the body include:

  • Pain and discomfort in the flanks or back
  • Weakness and feeling tired
  • increased need to eat
  • difficulty concentrating

How is dehydration treated?

You should drink plenty of water in order not to dehydrate your body. In addition to drinking more fluids, you can also eat water-rich foods such as fresh fruit and vegetables. If you have a habit of coffee and other caffeinated beverages, you should also drink extra water.

How much water you need depends on your age, the climate you live in, what you eat and other factors. You can check the color of your urine to estimate whether you are dehydrated. Dark yellow urine probably means you need more water.

Related article: How much water should we drink?

2- Infections

Infections are also a common cause of right and left kidney pain. For example, a urinary tract infection can occur in the bladder or urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body) . A urinary tract infection can spread to one or both kidneys and cause pain in the kidneys.

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Another infection that affects the kidneys is kidney infection. Kidney infection is called pyelonephritis . More women – especially pregnant women – are at higher risk for kidney infections. This is because women have shorter urethras.

If left kidney pain is caused by an infection, you may have symptoms such as:

  • pain in the back or sides
  • stomach or groin pain
  • fever and/or chills
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • the need to urinate frequently
  • pain or burning when urinating
  • cloudy or strong-smelling urine
  • Blood or pus in the urine

How are infections treated?

It is recommended that you see your doctor if you have any of the above symptoms. Early treatment is very important for kidney infection. Your doctor will most likely prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection. Early treatment is important because untreated kidney infection can damage the kidneys.

3- Kidney stones

Kidney stones are small, hard crystals that build up inside the kidneys. The most common kidney stones are made up of salts and minerals such as calcium. When a kidney stone moves or is excreted through the urine, it can cause pain. You may feel pain in the kidney and other areas around it.

Kidney stone symptoms include:

  • Severe pain in the back and sides
  • Sharp pain in stomach and groin
  • Pain in the facilities
  • fever and/or chills
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • pain when urinating
  • Blood in the urine (pink, red, or brown color)
  • cloudy or strong-smelling urine
  • difficulty urinating

How are kidney stones treated?

Kidney stones can be very painful, but they are usually not harmful and are treatable. Most kidney stones need a little treatment with pain medication. Drinking plenty of water also helps the stone pass. Medical treatment involves using sound waves to help break up kidney stones.

4- Kidney cysts

A cyst is a round, fluid-filled sac. Kidney cysts occur when one or more cysts form in the kidneys. Simple cysts are not cancerous and do not normally cause any symptoms. If such a cyst becomes too large, you may feel pain. It can also cause problems if it becomes infected or bursts.

Symptoms of a kidney cyst include:

  • High fever
  • pain in the sides and back
  • upper abdominal pain

A large kidney cyst can cause a painful complication called hydronephrosis . When this happens, the cyst blocks the flow of urine, causing the kidney to swell.

How are kidney cysts treated?

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If you have a large cyst, your doctor may recommend a simple procedure to remove it. This involves using a long needle to drain the cyst. It is usually done under general or local anaesthesia. Afterward, you will likely need to take an antibiotic to prevent any infection.

5- Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease is multiple cysts in one or both kidneys. The US National Kidney Foundation says that polycystic kidney disease is the fourth highest cause of kidney failure. Polycystic kidney disease can occur in all adults, regardless of gender and race. Symptoms usually begin at age 30 or older. This disease typically affects both kidneys, but may affect pain on only one side, causing either right kidney pain or left kidney pain.

Symptoms of polycystic kidney disease include:

  • pain in the sides and back
  • Frequent kidney infections
  • Stomach/abdominal swelling
  • high blood pressure
  • Palpitation

How is polycystic kidney disease treated?

There is no treatment that can eradicate this disease. Current treatment includes controlling blood pressure with medications and diet. You may also need antibiotics for bladder or kidney infections. Antibiotics help prevent further damage to the kidney. Other treatment options include pain management and drinking plenty of water. In severe cases, some people with polycystic kidney disease may need a kidney transplant.

6- Kidney inflammations

There are some inflammations that can affect the kidneys and these can also cause left kidney pain. Kidney infections can be caused by diabetes and other chronic diseases such as lupus . Severe or prolonged inflammation can trigger kidney damage.

Symptoms of kidney inflammations, in addition to kidney pain, include:

  • Pink or dark urine
  • Foamy urine output
  • swelling of the stomach, face, hands and feet
  • high blood pressure

How are kidney infections treated?

Treatment of kidney inflammation depends on the cause. For example, if you have diabetes, controlling blood sugar levels with medication and diet can help beat inflammation. If your kidneys are very inflamed, your doctor may also prescribe various medications.

7- Blockage of blood to kidney

Obstruction of blood to the kidney is called renal infarction or renal vein thrombosis. This happens when blood flow to and from the kidney suddenly slows or stops. There are several reasons for this, including a blood clot. Blood flow blockages to the kidney typically happen on one side.

Signs of blockage of blood flow to the kidney include:

  • pain in the back or sides
  • Tenderness in the abdomen
  • blood in the urine
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How is the restriction of blood flow to the kidney treated?

Blockage of blood to the kidney can cause kidney damage. Treatment typically includes anticoagulants. These drugs dissolve blood clots and prevent them from reoccurring. Anticoagulants can be taken in tablet form or injected directly into the clot. In rare cases, surgery may be needed to remove the blood clot.

8- Kidney bleeding

Kidney bleeding is a serious cause of pain felt in the kidneys. Illness, injury, or a blow to the kidney area can cause kidney bleeding.

Possible symptoms of kidney bleeding include:

  • Pain in the sides and lower back
  • Stomach pain and swelling
  • blood in the urine
  • Nausea and vomiting

How is kidney bleeding treated?

Painkillers and bed rest help heal minor kidney bleeds. In severe cases, bleeding can lead to shock, causing low blood pressure, tremors, and rapid heartbeat. Emergency treatment includes certain fluids to raise blood pressure. Surgery may be needed to stop more serious kidney bleeding.

9- Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the kidneys. Kidney cancer is when healthy cells in one or both kidneys grow out of control and form a lump (called a tumor). Kidney cancer is among the possible causes of right or left kidney pain. Kidney cancer typically shows no symptoms in the early stages, but symptoms appear in the later stages.

Possible symptoms of kidney cancer include:

  • pain in the sides or back
  • having blood in the urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • High fever
  • Tiredness

How is kidney cancer treated?

Like other types of cancer , kidney cancer is treated with chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy. In some cases, surgery may also be necessary to remove a tumor or the entire kidney.

When to see a doctor for left kidney pain?

It is recommended that you see your doctor if your left kidney pain is severe or does not go away. Even if there are other symptoms, doctor control is very important. It is still recommended to see a doctor if you are experiencing the following symptoms:

  • High fever
  • pain or burning when urinating
  • the need to urinate frequently
  • having blood in the urine
  • Nausea and/or vomiting

Your doctor may recommend scans and tests to find the cause of left kidney pain, such as:

  • Can testi
  • Urine test
  • ultrasound
  • Tomography
  • Emar
  • Genetics test

Most causes of kidney pain are treatable and do not cause kidney damage or complications. However, it is important to seek treatment as early as possible.

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