Causes of Frequent Urination in Women

What causes frequent urination in women? Could it be a sign of any problem? When is it serious? Do you need to see a doctor? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below. 

Frequent urination in women: General information

Urinating is a natural part of life and is your body’s way of getting rid of waste and extra fluid that it doesn’t need. However, feeling the urge to pee frequently can get in the way of daily activities and can be a significant source of embarrassment. Another symptom that accompanies frequent urination and increased need to urinate in women is feeling abdominal pain .

If you find yourself going to the toilet more than usual, it is recommended that you read this guide to discover the most common causes of excessive urination in women.

Frequent urination in women: Is it really abnormal?

Because everyone’s body is different and urination is not a topic that comes up in everyday conversations, many women wonder how often it is normal to urinate and what causes frequent urination in women. Studies show that the average woman urinates about six to eight times in a 24-hour period. If you’re running to the bathroom to urinate more than eight times a day, it could be a sign that there’s something in your body that needs attention.

Frequent urination in women: Causes

There are many different causes of frequent urination in women, but here we will highlight and explain some of the most common causes. We’ll start with some low-risk causes that are fairly easy to treat, and move on to higher-risk causes where frequent urination is a symptom of a serious illness.

drinking too much fluid

The simplest explanation for frequent urination is often correct. It makes perfect sense that the more fluid you get into your body, the more fluid must come out. This is especially true if you drink excessive amounts of caffeinated or alcoholic beverages. Frequent urination symptoms may also worsen if you add artificial sweeteners to your drinks. The standard recommendation for daily fluid intake is to drink eight glasses of water, although some people need more or less than this depending on their activity level, medications taken and existing health conditions.

Related article: How much water should we drink?

Urinary tract, kidney and bladder infections

One of the most common causes of frequent urination in women is a female urinary tract infection , or UTI for short. More than half of women will experience one or more UTIs in their lifetime, most of which occur in their early 20s. UTIs are usually caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract from sexual intercourse or improper cleaning when using the toilet. However, the frequent urination associated with a UTI can also occur during pregnancy, in women with compromised immune systems, and from holding the need to urinate for a long time. A specific type of UTI is a kidney infection that develops in the bladder or urethra and travels to the kidneys. If you’re taking antibiotics for a UTI but your symptoms don’t improve, you may have a kidney infection. Associated symptoms include nausea, vomiting andthere is blood in the urine .

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low estrogen levels

A woman’s estrogen levels may be lower than normal for a variety of reasons, including genetics, hormone imbalances, eating disorders, chronic kidney disease, menopause, and excessive exercise. Women with low estrogen levels are more prone to urinary tract infection (UTI) due to thinning of their urethra. When a woman stops menstruating, her body stops producing estrogen. Estrogen is a hormone that helps align the bladder. When it is no longer produced, menopausal women may experience greater urgency and frequency in their urination. This is also a common cause of frequent urination in women at night.

some drugs

Many medications used by women are a common side effect of frequent urination in women. Medications that can have this effect include muscle relaxants, tranquilizers, and diuretics. For example, diuretics are water retention suppressants that are often prescribed to treat high blood pressure . These drugs are designed to get rid of excess water in the body. For this reason, they usually make women urinate more frequently. If frequent urination is becoming too much of a problem in your daily life, it may be time to talk to your doctor about changing your medications or doses.

vaginitis

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina, which is another cause of excessive urination in women. Types of vaginitis are yeast infections, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis. Women often experience an unusual odor, itching, and discharge with this condition. To diagnose vaginitis, the doctor will perform a physical exam, note the characteristics of the vaginal discharge, and have the pH of the vaginal secretions tested. This condition is most common in women between the ages of 15 and 44, and the typical treatment is antibiotic medication.

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Pregnancy and beyond

Women who are pregnant also need to urinate more often. This is because the babies they are carrying cause the uterus to expand and put extra pressure on the bladder. Frequent urination during pregnancy is very common and is not typically a cause for concern unless accompanied by other unexplained symptoms. Symptoms of frequent urination in women may continue even after the baby is born. Women who have had a vaginal birth in the past are at greater risk of urination. Giving birth in this way is known to weaken the pelvic floor, and the pelvic floor is the body part that keeps the bladder up and in place. This affects some women with children more than others.

Anterior prolapse (cystocele)

This condition causes the bladder to extend into the vagina when the tissue between the vaginal wall and the bladder is stretched and weakened. Chronic constipation , excessive coughing, and heavy lifting can cause it. In addition to urinating frequently, women with this condition may feel that they can never fully empty their bladder during intercourse or that they have incontinence. Treatment for this condition, also known as a cystocele, may include inserting a supportive device into the vagina, estrogen therapy, or surgery to reposition the prolapsed bladder.

bladder stones

Mineral masses that form in the bladder are bladder stones that can form when a woman is unable to empty her bladder. Symptoms that accompany frequent urination in women in this condition include lower abdominal pain and blood in the urine. You can pass some small bladder stones naturally with some pain, but larger stones may require surgery.

Sexually transmitted diseases

Chlamydia and gonorrhea (gonorrhea) are common STDs that can cause women to urinate more often than usual. More often than not, people do not associate frequent urination with their sexual health. However, many STDs are initially asymptomatic, meaning that a change in urination may be the only early warning sign. The best way to rule out STDs as a cause of urination problems is to get tested regularly, especially after having unprotected sex or having a new partner. Untreated STDs can cause long-term complications, but many types are highly treatable in the early stages.

diabetes (diabetes)

Frequent urination in women can be caused by both Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes . This symptom occurs because excess sugar causes additional fluids to move through the kidneys when the body cannot properly regulate blood sugar levels. This symptom typically subsides once you get your blood sugar under control. In addition to frequent urination, diabetics often experience loss of urinary control and urinary tract infections. Also, if diabetic neuropathy develops and causes nerve damage throughout the body, its effects may also be noticeable in the kidneys and affect urination.

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Bladder cancer and radiation therapy

While urine containing blood is a more common symptom of bladder cancer, some women with bladder cancer also feel the need to urinate more frequently. If there is a tumor in the bladder, it occupies space that would otherwise be filled with urine, thus causing an increased need to urinate frequently. Not only can cancer cause more frequent urination, cancer treatments can also cause it. For example, radiation is often used to treat cancer, and women may experience frequent urination as a side effect. This is especially true if the radiation therapy targets the pelvic area.

Spinal cord diseases and injuries

Bladder problems are common among multiple sclerosis (MS disease) patients and include urgency to urinate, overactive bladder, and bladder that does not empty completely. Dietary changes and nerve stimulation procedures can help patients control these problems. Other neurological conditions are closely related to frequent urination in women, especially if spinal cord injury is involved. In healthy women, messages are sent from the bladder to the brain when the bladder is full. However, in a spinal cord disease or injury, these messages may not be sent or received in a healthy way.

Frequent urination in women: Check with the doctor

The need to urinate more often than usual during just one day may not be a major cause for concern. However, if the urge to pee often persists for several days or is accompanied by other symptoms, it’s probably time to seek medical attention. The following are some of the symptoms to watch for when you have frequent urination. If any of the following symptoms are present, it is recommended that you contact your doctor to have the problem checked and to identify the causes of frequent urination:

  • Back pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • fever and chills
  • Colorless or bloody urine
  • feeling tired
  • abnormal vaginal discharge

Which doctor should I go to for frequent urination in women?

The doctor to go to for the frequent urination problem in women is a urology or gynecology and obstetrician.

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