Swelling under the chin may look unpleasant and bother the affected person, but it is not usually a cause for concern. Swelling of the lymph nodes under the chin, cysts and allergies can cause such swelling. You can find more information below.
Is swelling under the chin serious?
Swelling under the chin is a relatively common complaint that many people sometimes notice. While swelling is sometimes seen under the chin, it can sometimes be seen in various parts of the chin. Depending on the cause, the swelling under the chin may be firm or soft, large or small. Most of the swelling under the chin goes away on their own. However, if there is pain and tenderness along with the swelling, it is important to see your doctor. Anyone who is concerned about their symptoms should see a doctor to determine the cause of swelling under the chin.
What causes swelling under the chin?
The causes of swelling under the chin are potentially quite numerous. The symptoms accompanying the swelling are different for each cause, and the size and shape of the swelling will also differ depending on the cause.
Below we will examine possible causes of swelling under the chin. Some of these causes are simple and easy to treat, while others are more serious and require medical treatment.
1. Swelling of lymph nodes under the jaw
Lymph nodes are found all over our body, but we often notice lymph node swelling near our skin, such as in the armpits, groin, or areas near the chin. The main cause of swollen lymph nodes is infections. Infections can cause swelling under the chin on the right or left side. This swelling is a typical defensive response of our immune system.
If the swelling under the chin is caused by the lymph node, then the swollen area will be soft and flexible. While the swelling may be tender to the touch, it will not usually be painful. Also, the swelling of the lymph nodes under the jaw will go away on its own within two or three weeks.
Causes of lymph node swelling under the chin include infections such as:
- cold or flu
- ear infections
- Sinus infections
- measles or chickenpox
- Throat inflammation
- tooth abscess
- French (syphilis)
- Lyme disease
- HIV or AIDS
Your doctor may prescribe various medications to treat lymph node swelling under the chin . If the swelling under the chin is caused by an infection, the swelling will usually go away once the infection is treated.
2. Benign tumors
Benign tumors can also cause swelling under the chin. Benign tumors include cysts, fibromas, and lipomas. Benign tumors are usually harmless and easily treatable.
General information about benign tumor types is as follows:
A cyst is usually a fluid-filled sac. Cysts can form during an infection and are usually harmless. Cysts that look like lumps under the chin may be sebaceous cysts caused by blockages in the sebaceous glands or ducts. Cysts may also form due to the damage caused by acne in the chin area and swelling under the chin may occur.
- Fibromas: A fibroma
is a round bump that can be soft or hard. Fibromas are most often found around the mouth, but although rare, they can also appear in the chin area and cause a lump that appears under the chin. Fibromas usually do not cause any other symptoms.
Lipomas are growths of fat cells under the skin. If the swelling under the chin is due to a lipoma, you will notice that it is soft to the touch. Lipomas tend to grow very slowly, are rarely cancerous, and usually do not cause any symptoms other than swelling.
3. Various types of cancer
Various types of cancer, such as skin cancer and lymph node cancer,can cause swelling under the chin. Hodgkin’s disease and leukemia can alsocause lymph node swelling under the chin . Malignant (cancerous) bumps look strange, if the cancerous bumps touch nerve endings, you will also feel pain. If treatment is not started, you may also feel numbness and tingling in the affected area.
Other signs of cancer that can cause swelling under the chin include:
- Change in shape and color of swelling
- Feeling a constant lump in the throat
- Difficulty swallowing or difficulty breathing
- sudden weight loss
- Increasing swelling
- weakened immune system
- digestive difficulty
- Voice changes or hoarseness
- Swelling with pus or blood
When you go to the doctor with suspicion of cancer, he or she may recommend a biopsy to determine if the swelling is caused by cancer. If the biopsy determines that the swelling is from cancer, your doctor may recommend surgical removal of it. There may also be radiation therapy and chemotherapy for cancer treatment . Your doctor will also offer different treatment options depending on your individual situation.
4. Other reasons
Other possible causes of swelling under the chin include:
- Insect sting or insect bite
- Various allergies
- salivary gland stones
- Various diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus
- Various injuries
- Damage to the sebaceous glands in the jaw
When to see a doctor for swelling under the chin?
A wide variety of potential causes can cause swelling or a lump under the chin . If the cause of the swelling is unclear, you should see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. If the swelling continues to grow, does not go away or if it hurts, it is recommended to see a doctor again. In such cases, it is important to see a doctor early, because early treatment is very important for the successful treatment of many diseases. For diagnosis, your doctor will examine the swollen area and recommend a biopsy if necessary. In some cases , various imaging procedures such as x-rays and computed tomography may also be required. Once your doctor is sure of the cause of the swelling, he or she will initiate appropriate treatment.
As a result
Potential causes of swelling under the chin are often not serious. These swellings tend to disappear on their own over time. Swelling under the chin is often the result of a cold, flu, or swelling of the lymph nodes under the chin. However, some causes of swelling under the chin require doctor control and treatment.