What causes tailbone pain? What are the symptoms? How is it treated? Do you need a doctor’s check? Are there any effective exercises? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

What is coccyx pain?

Coccyx pain is any discomfort in the lowest area of ​​the spine, including pain felt between the hips and pain that can be felt along the genital area. The tailbone is a bony spike below the sacrum, the shield-shaped group of fused bones that connects the spine to the pelvis. Medically, the tailbone is called the coccyx and the pain of the tailbone is called coccidynia or coccygodynia .

Coccyx pain is not usually a symptom of a serious disease, disorder, or condition; rarely it can be a sign of a tumor. Coccyx pain can be caused by trauma (coccyx injury), vaginal birth, arthritis (calcification), and sitting for a long time, especially on a hard surface.

Depending on the cause, coccyx pain may come on suddenly, develop gradually, or tend to come and go over a long period of time. Coccyx pain may occur only in certain situations, such as when you get up from a chair, or it may feel like a constant dull ache.

Coccyx pain usually tends to resolve on its own. However, if you experience coccyx pain along with loss of sensation or movement in the legs or feet, difficulty urinating or passing out, painful intercourse or difficulty having sexual intercourse, you should see a doctor.

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What causes coccyx pain?

Coccyx pain can be caused by problems with the skin, muscles, connective tissues, nerves, or bones, including:

  • Bruises on or around the coccyx
  • Cysts of the skin or spinal nerves
  • Arthritis, also known as calcification
  • Fracture in the coccyx or surrounding bones
  • a bacterial or viral infection
  • muscle tensions
  • muscle spasms
  • Stretched or torn ligaments
  • giving birth naturally
  • Benign tumors

serious reasons

In some cases, coccyx pain may be a symptom of a serious or life-threatening trauma that needs immediate evaluation in an emergency setting, such as:

  • Car crash
  • Fall with head strike
  • fall from a great height
  • industrial accident

Very rarely, coccyx pain can be caused by a malignant (cancerous) tumor, but this is very unlikely.

What are the symptoms that may accompany coccyx pain?

Symptoms of coccyx pain will vary depending on the underlying cause. You may experience acute (sudden onset) coccyx pain specific to the coccyx (for example, due to a fracture) or you may have symptoms from other body systems. For example, degenerative spinal cord disease such as arthritis can compress nerve roots and cause loss of sensation in the body parts served by these nerves.

Nerve symptoms

Coccyx pain may occur with nerve-related symptoms such as:

  • urination problems
  • defecation problems
  • loss of feeling in the legs
  • Loss of feeling in or around the tailbone
  • sexual dysfunctions
  • Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs

Other symptoms

The following symptoms may accompany coccyx pain that is not due to nerve compression or nerve damage:

  • abscesses on the skin
  • bruising on the skin
  • High fever
  • Headache
  • muscle spasms
  • Pain in the hip area
  • Swelling
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serious symptoms

Coccyx pain can also occur with symptoms that require immediate medical attention, such as:

  • shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Inability to move toes
  • Loss of consciousness or change in mental status
  • inability to move any part of the body
  • Disturbance of appearance in any joint

How is the cause of coccyx pain diagnosed?

The most common causes of coccyx pain are largely determined based on a thorough medical history and physical examination by a doctor. The information you provide to the doctor about recent injuries to the coccyx area, the factors that make the pain better or worse will help your doctor with the diagnosis. Your coccyx will also be examined for visual symptoms such as tenderness, redness, swelling and bruising. Your doctor may want to touch and press on your painful area to determine the degree of tenderness.

Your doctor may need an X-ray of your coccyx to evaluate for fractures and dislocations. X-rays may be required for pain that usually occurs after any fall or injury. If the x-ray is not sufficient and a serious condition such as a tumor is suspected, then your doctor may need a magnetic resonance imaging (matrix) procedure or computed tomography .

How is coccyx pain treated?

For coccyx pain, over-the-counter pain relievers can often work. Over -the-counter medications for coccyx pain include medications containing ibuprofen and narcosphene ; Your pharmacist will help you with this. Also, the pain may heal on its own with simple measures such as using a donut pad (in the shape of a donut) to sit on while an injured coccyx heals . For persistent pain, you may need stronger painkillers prescribed by your doctor. Treatment for coccyx pain may also include physical therapy or, in severe cases , surgery .

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What are the coccyx pain exercises?

While there is no cure for coccyx pain instantly, some types of exercise and stretching can help relieve the pressure that causes the pain, thereby helping you relax. The most effective thing about coccyx pain exercises are the various yoga positions. If you are pregnant and have coccyx pain, then stretching is the best exercise for you. However, if your pain persists despite exercise or worsens after exercise, it is important to consult your doctor.

When to see a doctor for coccyx pain?

If you have pain in your coccyx and it does not go away despite the precautions you take, it is important to see a doctor and be examined. Because what triggers your pain may be a serious medical condition that needs to be treated, and your doctor may need to determine this by examining you or using various imaging procedures.

Which doctor should I go to for coccyx pain?

Since most causes of coccyx pain are not serious, your family doctor will provide you with the treatment you need for the pain. However, in more serious cases or in cases where your pain does not go away, the doctor you should go to is an orthopedic and traumatology specialist.

What are the potential complications of tailbone pain?

Complications of coccyx pain depend on the underlying disease, disorder, or condition. In rare cases, untreated complications of coccyx pain can be life-threatening. A delay in the treatment of tailbone pain can result in irreversible loss of function. You should follow your treatment plan carefully and report any ongoing symptoms to your doctor.

Untreated coccyx problems can cause complications such as:

  • defecation problems
  • urination problems
  • sexual dysfunctions
  • Loss of feeling and movement

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