Stroke, which means sudden vascular damage in the brain, is one of the most common causes of death and can lead to severe disability in the later life of survivors. However, if we raise awareness about this disease and take appropriate measures, strokes can be prevented, and in cases where it cannot be prevented, the potential for recovery can be maximized.

Misconceptions About Stroke

  • Myth: Stroke cannot be prevented.
  • That’s right:  Almost 80% of strokes can be prevented by controlling risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.

  • Myth: There is no cure for stroke.
  • True: Stroke requires immediate treatment.

  • Myth: Stroke only occurs in the elderly.
  • Fact: The risk of stroke increases with age, but stroke can occur at any age.

  • Myth: A stroke happens in the heart.
  • Fact: Stroke affects the brain.

  • Myth: Stroke is rare.
  • That’s right: About 40,000 people die from stroke each year in Turkey. Many more people continue to live with stroke-related paralysis.

  • Myth: Stroke is not inherited.
  • Fact: Having someone in your family who has had a stroke is a factor that increases your risk of stroke.

  • Myth: If stroke symptoms go away, you don’t need to see a doctor.
  • Fact : Strokes whose symptoms resolve completely are called transient ischemic attacks (TIA) and are a warning sign for a complete stroke. Therefore, it should be taken seriously and a doctor should be consulted.

  • Myth: Recovery after a stroke begins in the body.
  • True: Due to the muscle weakness that can be seen in the arms and legs after a stroke, it may be thought that the problem is in the muscles, but the main problem is in the brain and the brain needs to heal. The brain’s ability to reorganize itself, called plasticity, is the key to recovery.
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  • Myth: Healing stops 6 months after the stroke.
  • Fact: Recovery from a stroke can take a lifetime.

  • Myth: A plateau in recovery means the recovery is over.
  • True: There may be a plateau period in rehabilitation, especially in stages 3-6. It is known that there is a slowdown in recovery in months. However, this need not be permanent. By changing and diversifying the therapy regimen, new gains can be obtained by giving different stimuli to the brain.

  • Myth: Switching to compensatory methods in rehabilitation means that recovery is over.
  • True: Compensatory methods can be tried to regain independence after a stroke. For example, someone who brushes their teeth with their right hand starts using their left hand after a stroke that affects their right side. However, this preference does not mean that the recovery is over. With continued rehabilitation, recovery can be seen even in the late post-stroke period.

  • Myth: A person who loses the ability to speak after a stroke cannot regain it.
  • That’s right: Most stroke survivors can relearn speech.

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