Why do I get diarrhea from pears?
Pears are healthy and contain valuable fiber. However, pears cause diarrhea in some people . There can be various reasons for this. An allergy to pears , for example, is possible , but this is rather rare. Your body then mistakenly identifies certain proteins in the pear as harmful and reacts with an immune response that can cause various symptoms :
- Swelling of the skin and mucous membranes
- Itching, wheals, eczema
- Sneezing, nasal congestion, shortness of breath
- Nausea, vomiting
Fructose intolerance to blame for diarrhea from pears?
If you do not tolerate pears well, there is often a fructose intolerance or fructose intolerance behind it. Fructose (fruit sugar) occurs naturally in a number of foods. This mainly includes fruits, but also vegetables, honey, juices, syrup and household sugar. Pears are particularly rich in fructose.
In people with intolerance , the fructose is not properly absorbed in the small intestine, reaches the large intestine undigested and is broken down there by intestinal bacteria . This can lead to indigestion :
- stomach pain
Allergy or intolerance? Here’s how to find out
If you suspect you have an allergy or food intolerance, please see a doctor. He will diagnose an allergy with a skin or blood test . A fructose intolerance or intolerance can be determined by means of a breath test . A food diary also helps to identify the triggers of symptoms such as diarrhea.
Discussing your symptoms with a health professional is also a good idea because they can rule out other physical causes of diarrhea – such as a virus or bacterial infection , inflammatory bowel disease, or irritable bowel syndrome .
What can I do if I have a pear allergy or fructose intolerance?
If your doctor has diagnosed a pear allergy, it is best to avoid this fruit completely. Beware of cross-reactions with other foods and plants: You may develop allergic symptoms after consuming pome and stone fruit varieties such as apples, plums, cherries, peaches or apricots . On the other hand, it is possible that you actually suffer from a pollen allergy (especially birch), but this also manifests itself when you eat pears.
Medication can help against allergy symptoms in consultation with your doctor. Antihistamines, for example, suppress the body’s unwanted immune response to allergens. Ointments containing cortisone are effective against skin reactions such as hives, itching or eczema. If you have a severe allergy, you should always carry epinephrine with you. This drug can be lifesaving in the event of anaphylactic shock.
In the long run, desensitization could help alleviate your allergy. You will expose yourself to the allergen under the supervision of a doctor at certain intervals. Over time, your body can learn to stop being overly sensitive to the allergen.
What should I watch out for with fructose intolerance?
Fructose is not only found naturally in food, it is also used as an additive in many products. Because table sugar also contains fructose, it is not easy for people with fructose intolerance or intolerance, to avoid fructose . As an alternative to table sugar or other sweeteners that contain fructose, glucose (grape sugar), for example in the form of powder or syrup, is suitable.
Eating fructose despite intolerance
So that you can consume foods with a high fructose content such as pears again at some point without any problems, a three-phase treatment , accompanied by your doctor, may be useful:
- First of all, you completely avoid fructose-containing foods for a few weeks.
- In a subsequent test phase, you will try how much fructose you can eat without developing symptoms.
- In the end, you eat more or less fructose according to the insights gained in the test phase – depending on how much you can tolerate.
Tip: A food diary can help you with this!
Even without three-phase treatment, it is possible to eat foods containing fructose from time to time: There are preparations that supply the body – for example in capsule form – with an enzyme called xylose isomerase, which converts fructose into glucose . This is of course not a cure for the intolerance, but it does alleviate the symptoms.
Diarrhea from pears: causes and what to do
Pear diarrhea may be caused by an allergy or fructose intolerance . While you should completely avoid the triggers for symptoms if you have an allergy, if you are fructose intolerant it may be possible to continue to consume foods containing fructose. However, pears contain a lot of fructose, which is why you should avoid them first.
With certain preparations or with the help of a three-phase treatment by your doctor, it is possible to consume pears from time to time without causing diarrhea.