Morning sickness, fatigue, headache, cramps, insomnia and nausea are some of the common and well-known symptoms of pregnancy. If you are pregnant, you should be aware of these symptoms, in fact, you must experience them from time to time. But there are many other pregnancy symptoms that go unnoticed. Dry mouth is one of them; It is a common sign of pregnancy, but most women fail to recognize it as a sign of pregnancy. If you want to know more about it and understand why dry mouth can happen, read the article below.
What does dry mouth mean during pregnancy?
Dry mouth during pregnancy is a very common symptom faced by pregnant women. This is partially understandable because you need a lot more water when you’re pregnant because water helps the baby develop. But another reason is that your changing hormones can have an effect on your oral health. Besides dry mouth, you may experience bleeding or inflammation of the gums during pregnancy , and you may also loosen your teeth. Additionally, some medical conditions during pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes , can also cause dry mouth .
What causes dry mouth during pregnancy?
Dehydration occurs when your body consumes water faster and more than it takes in. This can be especially dangerous for pregnant women. Because water helps your baby develop. You need more water when you are pregnant than when you are not pregnant. In severe cases, dehydration during pregnancy can cause birth defects or premature birth.
Other signs of dehydration include:
- feeling extremely hot
- dark yellow urine
- extreme thirst
2. Gastational diabetes
Gestational diabetes occurs only during pregnancy; can cause you to have high blood sugar and dry mouth. But it’s nothing to worry about because it usually goes away after giving birth. You need more insulin than usual during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs when your body cannot make extra insulin.
Gestational diabetes can cause problems for you and your baby, but it can also be managed with proper care (such as healthy eating habits and exercise). You may also need medication or insulin. However, this will be decided by your doctor.
Many women with gestational diabetes have no symptoms or only minor symptoms. This type of gestational diabetes will be detected during a test given to all pregnant women. If you have symptoms, in addition to dry mouth, you may also experience:
- extreme thirst
- needing to urinate more often than usual
Thrush is an overgrowth of a fungus called Candida albicans . Everyone has it in small amounts, but if your immune system isn’t working the way it normally does, it can grow beyond the normal range and cause problems.
Thrush can cause dry mouth during pregnancy and a feeling like you have cotton in your mouth, in addition to:
- White lesions in the mouth or tongue
- redness in the mouth
- mouth pain
- loss of taste
4. Sleep problems
Pregnancy can cause many sleep problems, from falling asleep to waking up frequently during the night. It can also lead to breathing problems such as snoring and sleep apnea .
Snoring is especially common in the second and third trimesters. It’s more common if you’re overweight, smoke, sleep deprived, or have conditions like tonsils.
Your changing hormones can also cause your throat and nasal passages to narrow, which can lead to breathing problems.
Snoring and sleep apnea can make you breathe by keeping your mouth open while you sleep. This makes it harder to produce saliva and dries out your mouth.
Sleep apnea can be serious. If you snore during the day and find yourself very tired, it’s a good idea to see a doctor.
Dry mouth during pregnancy and possible accompanying symptoms
Beyond the feeling of dryness, symptoms that may accompany dry mouth during pregnancy include:
- Constant sore throat
- difficulty swallowing
- dryness in your nose
- Burning sensation in your throat or mouth
- speech difficulties
- Change in sense of taste
- Tooth decay
When should you see a doctor?
If home remedies for dry mouth during pregnancy (detailed advice below) do not help, you should see a doctor. Your doctor can identify the underlying cause and prescribe medication if necessary.
You should also see a doctor if you have symptoms of different problems such as:
- Thrush: White, cottage cheese-like lesions in your mouth and redness or pain in your mouth
- Gestational diabetes: Excessive thirst, fatigue, and the need to urinate more often
- Tooth decay: A toothache that does not go away, tooth sensitivity, and brown or black spots on your teeth
- Severe dehydration: Disorientation, black stools or bloody stools
- Sleep apnea: Fatigue, snoring, and frequent waking
How is dry mouth treated during pregnancy?
In most cases, home remedies such as the following are sufficient to treat dry mouth during pregnancy.
What is good for dry mouth during pregnancy?
Here are the things that are good for dry mouth in pregnancy:
- Sugar-free gum: This can encourage your mouth to make more saliva.
- Eating hard sugar-free foods: This also encourages your mouth to make more saliva.
- Drinking plenty of water: This will help keep your mouth moist and relieve some of the symptoms.
- Sucking on ice: This not only gives you fluids and moistens your mouth, but can also help reduce nausea during pregnancy.
- Practicing good oral hygiene: Brush and floss regularly to prevent tooth decay.
- Using a mouthwash made specifically for dry mouth: You can find this over the counter at your pharmacy.
- Limiting coffee: Avoiding caffeine as much as possible during pregnancy will help dry mouth.
How is dry mouth treated during pregnancy?
In some cases, you may need treatment by a doctor such as:
- Working with your doctor to change medications that can make dry mouth worse
- Wearing fluoride trays at night to help protect your teeth
- Seeking treatment for snoring or sleep apnea if it causes dry mouth
- If your dry mouth is caused by thrush, treating it with anti-fungal medication
- Establishing a gestational diabetes management plan, including diet, exercise and medication or insulin if needed
As a result
Your changing hormones and increased water needs can cause you to experience dry mouth during pregnancy. Fortunately, there are many ways to alleviate this symptom, from increasing how much water you drink to sugar-free gum.
If home remedies do not relieve dry mouth, or if you have other symptoms such as gestational diabetes, you should consult your doctor.