Eye pain is a common symptom. Eye pain has many potential causes, from serious ones like glaucoma and optic neuritis to less serious ones like conjunctivitis, styes or dry eyes. You can find more information below.
What is eye pain?
Eye pain refers to any condition in which you feel discomfort on the right, left, both or around your eyes. The pain may be sharp, dull, or very severe; your eyes may become irritated or hardened. Eye pain may be accompanied by blurred vision, itching, redness, dry eyes , eyelid pain , or watery eyes. Eye pain can result from trauma, allergies, and infections in the eye area, or from more general conditions such as migraines, upper respiratory infections, and sinus problems.
What causes eye pain?
1- Foreign substances
Anything from a foreign substance on the surface of the eye, dirt or make-up from the eyelashes can cause eye pain. Foreign substances can cause eye redness, watering, and pain. Foreign matter tends to affect the cornea (the clear layer that covers the pupil and iris) or the conjunctiva (the white part of the eye).
In most cases, foreign objects are harmless and can be removed fairly easily. You must be careful to avoid scratching the cornea when trying to remove the object. Removing a foreign object from your eye can be as simple as blinking repeatedly. However, it is still best to remove the foreign substance under the control of a physician.
Conjunctivitis is inflammation (inflammation) that affects the tissue that covers the front of the eye and under the eyelid. This tissue can become infected with a virus or bacteria, and this infection also causes swelling. Inflammation can also be an allergic response. Inflammation of the conjunctiva can also cause eye discharge, itching, and redness.
You can control the spread and infection of conjunctivitis by using regular hand washing methods or keeping your environment free of dust. However, a doctor’s check is still very important because he may need to prescribe medication.
3- Contact lenses
Improper use of contact lenses, such as wearing them overnight or not disinfecting them, can irritate the surface of your eyes enough to cause pain. Compliance with the guidelines for the use, cleaning, and storage of contact lenses may cause discomfort.
Problems with contact lenses may include, but are not limited to:
- Eye stinging, burning, itching, irritation
- Constant discomfort when using lenses
- A feeling that something is stuck in the eye (apart from the lens itself)
- excessive watering of the eyes
- moderate vision loss
- light sensitivity
Eye pain caused by improper use of contact lenses can be relieved by removing the lenses immediately and switching to glasses temporarily. If the contact lens is damaged in any way, you should put it back in its storage box and consult your doctor. If there is a foreign substance on the lens, such as dirt, eyelashes, pollen, make-up or other particles, it can be cleaned, rinsed and disinfected before putting it back into the eye.
If the problem persists, you should remove the lens immediately and inform your doctor.
4- Corneal abrasion
In corneal abrasions, the inner part of the eyelids is usually affected. A small scratch on the cornea is a corneal abrasion. It is usually caused by dust, sand, dirt, sawdust, contact lenses or even the sharp edge of a piece of paper. This scratch will cause pain, excessive tearing, and sensitivity to light. It can also cause eye redness due to damage to the blood vessels in the eye.
Corneal abrasion requires rapid intervention. If there is no relief, the abrasion can become infected and lead to a corneal ulcer. When the cornea is scratched, you should immediately wash your eye with clean water or saline solution, blink quickly to remove small particles and pull your upper eyelid over your lower eyelid. Creating tears like this can help the substance wash out and come out.
If these methods do not work, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
Blepharitis is a condition in which the eyelids become infected. It can lead to other conditions that cause pain in the eyes, such as a stye, which is a painful swelling of the eyelid. There are two types of blepharitis. Anterior blepharitis affects the outer lining of the eyelid and is caused by bacteria and dandruff. Posterior blepharitis is the result of sebaceous glands in the inner eyelid. Both types of blepharitis cause a burning sensation in the eyelids (which can feel like pain in the eye itself), tearing, itching, sensitivity to light, and eyelid swelling.
Keeping your eyelids clean and free of discharge is key to treating blepharitis. A dandruff shampoo can help reduce the chance of dandruff and the like getting on your eyelids. Blepharitis usually does not go away completely and may recur. Patients should be very careful about their hygiene.
A stye is swelling and pain on the eyelid usually caused by a blepharitis infection. It is acne-like and very sensitive to the touch. Styes occur when the sebaceous gland around the eyelashes gets clogged with dirt or dead skin. You can treat styes using a warm compress (which dissolves the pus blocking the gland so the oil can drain naturally), mild soap, water, or even a warm tea bag.
If you have a sty, you should not wear make-up. Cosmetic products can irritate the eye and slow down the healing and drainage process of the sebaceous glands. Once the sty has healed, it is better not to use eye products older than three months. Similarly, you should avoid wearing contact lenses until the sty has healed. Bacteria from the stye can travel to the contact lenses and move onto your fingers as you remove the lenses. This greatly increases the risk of someone else being exposed to the bacteria.
Under no circumstances should you touch, squeeze, or attempt to remove a stye. Doing so causes the pus to drain and the infection to spread. If necessary, your doctor can safely drain the stye.
There may be a number of causes and conditions behind the pain felt inside the eyeball; An example of this is glaucoma (intraocular pressure) and glaucoma can be very painful. It can cause severe eye pain and can have more serious consequences, such as vision loss, if not treated early.
It is very important to have regular eye exams to catch the early warning signs of glaucoma. Everyone at age 40 should have a comprehensive eye exam. Your eye doctor will then let you know when you should come for your next examination.
Treatment options for glaucoma include prescription eye drops, medications, surgery, or a combination of these approaches.
8- Optic neuritis
The optic nerve connects the back of the eyeball to the brain, and this inflammation of the nerve is called optic neuritis . Optic neuritis can cause a variety of vision problems. It is usually caused by an autoimmune disease , viral or bacterial infection. Optic neuritis usually resolves on its own, but a doctor may prescribe steroid medications to reduce inflammation.
Migraines are a common source of eye pain. Every person with migraine can be affected in different ways, but the eye and eyelid pain associated with migraine is often severe and unbearable. The causes of migraine are not fully understood, but experts believe it is due to spasm in the blood vessels in the retina. This may also explain how and why migraines cause pain in the eyes.
How does eye pain go?
1. Leave your eyes alone
Resting your eyes is one of the simplest ways to relieve eye pain. Getting away from computers, phones and television screens for a day will reduce eyestrain and reduce the risk of headaches and eye pain . It is useful to make such breaks a normal part of the day.
2. Avoid contact with your eyes
Your corneas need time to rest. Wear glasses instead of your contact lenses, so your corneas have less work to do.
3. Use warm compresses
In most cases, a warm compress will help reduce pain, swelling, itching, and discharge. This will also help clear any blockages in your skin.
4. Use warm water
Use warm water or saline solution to remove foreign particles stuck to the eye surface. This can help address the source of the eye pain.
5. Use medications as directed
Medications, such as antibiotics, that your doctor prescribes can treat eye infections that cause eye pain . Patients with glaucoma will be given eye drops to reduce intraocular pressure and pain in their eyes. If the pain is severe enough to interfere with daily activities, pain medications may be given. This may provide some relief until the underlying cause of the condition is treated.
Remember, your doctor will decide which medicine to take and how.
6. Have surgery if recommended
Although surgery is a last resort, it is sometimes necessary. If a foreign substance on the surface of your eye has caused damage that needs immediate repair, surgery may be the best option.
The recovery period after surgery will require the patient not to engage in any activities that require visual focus and concentration. In low-light environments, it is necessary to rest the eyes for a long time.
The eyes will need to be carefully treated for months after surgery so that the conditions that caused the eye pain do not come back.