Gynecology – you should know that about women’s health

Not only do women suffer from different diseases than men, they can also have different symptoms of the disease – and that can be dangerous. Gynecology can help.

Women and men are different, and this is also evident when it comes to health. There are some health issues that only affect women or men – or at least are particularly common in one gender. For example, menstruation, pregnancy, premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or menopause are health issues that only affect women.

But osteoporosis, endometriosis or the skin disease lichen sclerosus also affect women in most cases. So it’s no wonder that there is a special doctor, the gynaecologist.

Gynecology – what is gynecology?

Purely female diseases, of course, affect the female sexual and reproductive organs. The so-called women ‘s medicine – or gynaecology – deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of these women’s diseases .

If you have problems with your menstrual cycle, the female genital organs or the urinary tract, or anything to do with pregnancy and childbirth, you should go to a gynecologist you trust.

Women’s health – recognizing different symptoms

Of course, there are also diseases that both men and women can suffer from. However, it is important to know that the symptoms of the same disease can be different in women than in men. An example: the heart attack.

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Cardiovascular diseases are still the most common cause of death in Germany – for men and women. However, there are important differences here. While the symptoms of a heart attack in men are recognized quickly in most cases, they are less specific in women. A feeling of tightness in the chest or radiating pain in the left arm – this usually applies primarily to men. Women, on the other hand, complain more often about noticeable tiredness, nausea, dizziness or even back pain.

The fatal thing is that many women do not always immediately suspect a heart attack behind such symptoms. Valuable time before treatment can be lost. By the way: Studies show that the risk for women of suffering a heart attack increases after menopause .

Women’s diseases – women suffer from them in particular

menstrual cramps

Many women complain of mental and physical discomfort shortly before their menstrual period. They are summarized under the term premenstrual syndrome (PMS). They can range from abdominal cramps to headaches or water retention.
If you suffer from PMS, for example, gentle yoga, relaxation and breathing exercises and warmth can help you.


If it itches in the intimate area and you notice an unpleasant discharge, this can be a sign of a vaginal yeast infection. This female disease can be triggered, for example , by sex, a weakened immune system, stress or incorrect intimate hygiene . If you have an acute vaginal fungus, your gynecologist can prescribe suppositories, vaginal tablets and ointments.


Women suffer from bladder infections more often than men. One reason for the infection, also known as honeymoon syndrome , is the short female urethra, which bacteria can easily get into. This can especially happen during sex. If you get a bladder infection quickly, drinking a glass of water before sex and going to the bathroom right after sex can help. This will help flush out the bacteria in your urethra.

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Anemia, also known as anemia, mainly affects women. There is a simple reason for this: During menstruation or childbirth, women lose a lot of blood and the iron it contains. Iron deficiency , in turn, means that your body can no longer produce enough red blood cells. You can recognize anemia, for example, by headaches, dizziness or severe tiredness. Therefore, make sure you eat a healthy, balanced diet with enough iron to prevent anemia.


Osteoporosis can also affect men, but women are much more likely to suffer from bone loss – especially after menopause. This is often due to a lack of the female hormone estrogen. In most cases, however, you can prevent osteoporosis with the right diet and sufficient exercise . Provide your body with calcium, vitamin D and protein that strengthens your bone cells.

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