What causes hard swelling under the skin? Is it a serious situation? When and which doctor should we go to? What should we do to pass? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.
Is a hard swelling under the skin serious?
Hard swelling under the skin is a common condition many people experience, you will probably see it at least once in your lifetime. Hard swelling under the skin is not usually a cause for concern and is completely normal.
Hard or soft swelling under your skin can occur for many reasons. Most of the time these are not serious and are harmless. However, there are still cases where the hard swelling under the skin requires a doctor’s control.
What causes hard swelling under the skin?
Possible causes of swelling under the skin include:
1. Epidermoid kistler
Epidermoid cysts usually occur when the skin cells that should be shed do not shed. Epidermoid cysts can also occur when hair follicles are irritated or damaged due to keratin buildup.
Epidermoid cysts usually have the following features:
- they grow slowly
- They may not go for years
- There may be a tiny black spot in the middle of the swelling
- May leak foul-smelling discharge
- It is painless as long as it is not infected.
Epidermoid cysts tend to be more common in males than females and do not appear before puberty. You can find these cysts anywhere on your body, but often on your face, neck, or anywhere on your torso.
How are epidermoid cysts treated?
While epidermoid cysts are harmless, they are very similar in appearance to squamous cell carcinoma , a type of skin cancer, so it’s important to get checked out by a doctor. Subcutaneous swelling from epidermoid cysts will usually go away on its own, but in some cases, medication or even surgery may be required.
Lipomas occur when fatty tissue builds up under your skin and swelling occurs. Lipomas are common in humans and are usually harmless. Although the exact cause of lipomas is unclear, they are thought to be a result of trauma to a specific area. Having lipomas in more than one part of your body can also be the result of various medical and genetic conditions.
Lipomas generally have the following features:
- They are not longer than five centimeters
- It usually occurs in people between the ages of 40-60.
- rarely causes pain
- they grow slowly
- They are like tires
- They seem to move when you touch them.
Lipomas can appear anywhere on your body, but they usually appear on your shoulders, torso, neck, and armpits.
How are lipomas treated?
Lipomas usually do not require any medical treatment and will heal on their own. However, if you don’t like its appearance aesthetically, if it hurts or if it causes you any other problems, you can see your doctor. If your doctor does not mind, he or she can surgically remove a lipoma.
Dermatofibromas are a likely cause of hard swelling under the skin. While dermotofibromas are harmless, time can itch and the area of the hard swelling can hurt. This type of swelling can occur anywhere on the body , such as a swelling under the skin in the leg . It is not clear what causes dermotofibromas. However, some experts think it is caused by simple causes such as insect bites or minor traumas.
Dermatofibromas generally have the following features:
- Colors vary
- It is hard and rubbery
- More common in women
- Usually small
- they grow slowly
How are dermotofibromas treated?
Dermatofibromas are usually harmless and do not require any medical treatment. If it still bothers you or you have symptoms such as itching, you should see a doctor. Your doctor will help you determine the appropriate treatment for you.
Keratoacanthoma is a tumor that protrudes from the skin and is a very common condition. Experts aren’t sure what triggers this type of tumor. Keratoacanthomas are more common on the hands and face. Therefore, a keratoacanthoma may also present as a firm swelling under the skin of the face. A keratoacanthoma may look like a pimple at first but will grow larger within a few weeks.
Keratoacanthoma usually has the following features:
- It can be itchy and painful
- Can grow quickly in a few weeks
- The center of the swelling may look like a scale
- More common in fair-skinned and elderly people
- Usually round, firm or pink
Keratoacanthoma usually occurs on the hands and face, because the hands and face are the places that are most exposed to the sun’s rays.
How is keratoacanthoma treated?
Hard swelling under the skin from keratoacanthoma usually resolves spontaneously without treatment. However, in some cases, you may need to take medication or have surgery. While keratoacanthomas are harmless, they are very similar in appearance to squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer . For this reason, you should not delay seeing your doctor in order to prevent a possible case of skin cancer.
5- Deri apsesi
A skin abscess is a round, pus-filled swelling under your skin where bacteria has settled. This usually happens in the hair follicles, but can also occur in open wounds on your body. A skin abscess is caused by your body’s response to bacteria by sending white blood cells to the site of infection.
Skin abscesses usually have the following features:
- Swelling is firm
- Usually soft
- Often appears red or inflamed
- sensitive to touch
- Pus may leak from around the swelling
How are skin abscesses treated?
Tiny skin abscesses will usually heal on their own within a few weeks. However, if the abscess is growing, painful, or you have other symptoms such as high fever, it is recommended that you see a doctor. Also, you should never try to drain a skin abscess, as this can worsen the infection and spread it to other parts of the body.
6. Swollen lymph nodes
Lymph nodes (or lymph nodes) are small cellular groups found in various parts of the body. One of the tasks of the lymph nodes is to capture and eliminate bacteria and viruses that enter the body. Our lymph nodes are usually the size of peas, but exposure to pathogens such as bacteria or viruses can make them enlarged and swollen. You may notice swollen lymph nodes as hard swelling under the skin.
Some of the possible causes of swollen lymph nodes include:
- Bacterial infections
- viral infections
- Tooth or gingivitis
- Skin infections such as cellulitis
- Immune system diseases (autoimmune diseases)
You may notice lymph node swelling in these areas of your body:
- under the chin
- in the groin area
- Anywhere in the neck ( neck lymph node swelling )
- under the armpits
How are swollen lymph nodes treated?
Swollen lymph nodes will often heal on their own after a while. However, if you’re not sure what’s causing it, it’s a good idea to see a doctor. When the underlying cause of the swollen lymph node is treated, the lymph nodes will return to their normal size.
When to see a doctor for hard swelling under the skin?
Hard swelling under the skin is a common complaint and is not usually caused by a serious condition. They often return to their normal size on their own after a while. However, if this still worries you or if it does not return to its normal size after some time, it is important to see a doctor.
In general, it is recommended to see a doctor if:
- If there is redness and/or pain with swelling
- Carsa if pus and other fluids in the swelling
- If the swelling area is sensitive to touch
- If the swelling is growing
- If it is longer than one centimeter
- If it appeared suddenly and does not go away
Which doctor should I go to for hard swelling under the skin?
The doctor you should go to for a hard swelling under the skin is a dermatologist, also known as dermatology. The specialist doctor will examine you and provide the necessary treatment. However, if your doctor suspects other health problems other than skin, he or she will refer you to a relevant specialist.