Hiking is a very beneficial exercise for general health. Hiking can be done on a relatively comfortable route on a flat land, or it can be done in a rugged nature with plenty of ups and downs. In this respect, it can be said that it is a suitable sport for people of all ages and conditions. In addition, hiking has its own advantages, different from treadmill or trail walking.
Benefits of trekking
Hiking improves cardiovascular health, similar to aerobic activities such as brisk walking. Especially the routes that include slopes strengthen the heart by making it work harder. On a slightly bumpy track, the trunk muscles will also work continuously to maintain balance. Compared to walking on a treadmill or pedaling, hiking works the abdominal and trunk muscles more. Going downhill strengthens muscle groups that are not too hard on straight walking. An hour of trekking can burn more than 500 calories, depending on the nature of the trail. It is perfect for losing weight. During walking, muscles use glucose from the blood for energy. Thus, it benefits the control of diabetes. Another benefit is that it prevents osteoporosis.
Going outside is also beneficial psychologically. Just being outside and getting some fresh air relieves stress. In this respect, hiking has unique benefits that are not found in exercises done at home or in the gym. Reducing stress by meeting with nature reduces the risk of hypertension and heart diseases. It is antioxidant effective. Getting away from the troubles of daily life, even for a short time, and going to a different environment gives people peace and provides energy for business life. Spending time outside improves attention span and creative problem-solving skills when returning to work.
Use of baton
People with balance or vision problems using poles while hiking prevent them from falling and enable them to exercise more safely. Sticking the baton forward while walking reduces the stress on the knees. Using a baton also strengthens the arms. Thus, hiking becomes an exercise that works the whole body, including legs, core muscles and arms. Walking on dirt or grass is generally less strain on the joints than walking on asphalt or concrete. Walking poles make it easy to walk on uneven and grassy terrain.
Things to consider while hiking
Before going out for a nature walk, it will be useful to get information about the area you will go to and to examine the map. Be sure to check the weather and choose appropriate clothes. Postponing the walk in stormy weather may be the best option. Finding a companion can make the whole activity more fun. Joining hiking communities provides socialization. If you are traveling alone, informing a friend or family member of where you are going and when you will be back increases your safety. You should use shoes that support the ankle and fit the foot perfectly during nature walks. Do not go for a long walk with new shoes, otherwise peeling and blisters may occur on your foot skin. First, make sure that the shoes adapt to your feet with shorter walks. Beginners should first start with nearby short-distance trails. As your fitness improves, you can try longer and steeper trails. One of the most important issues is to take plenty of water with you. The body loses a lot of water during walking, especially on hot summer days.