What is High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)?

Blood pressure is the measurement of the pressure or force of blood pushing against the blood vessel walls. In high blood pressure (hypertension), this pressure against the blood vessel walls is consistently too high. High blood pressure is often referred to as the “silent killer” because the person may not be aware that anything is wrong and damage can occur to their body after a while.

What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?

High blood pressure , also known as hypertension , is a disease of the vascular system in which blood pressure values ​​are permanently too high. An organic cause is not apparent in 90 percent of hypertensives (hypertension patients). This type of nonspecific high blood pressure is called essential hypertension or primary hypertension .

secondary hypertension

In about 10 percent of those affected, organic diseases such as narrowing of the renal arteries are the cause of too high blood pressure. Doctors in this case speak of non-essential hypertension or secondary hypertension.

In these cases, the underlying disease should be treated as much as possible first. For some patients, treatment of the underlying disease will lower their blood pressure to a normal value without the need for treatment of high blood pressure.

What is stress-induced high blood pressure?

When you’re in a stressful situation, your body produces a surge of hormones. These hormones temporarily increase your blood pressure by causing your heart to beat faster and your blood vessels to narrow. There is no evidence that stress alone causes long-term high blood pressure. But reacting to stress in unhealthy ways—like smoking and drinking heavily—can increase your risk of high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. Stress-related high blood pressure symptoms are no different from other hypertension symptoms, and detailed information on this subject is given below.

Why is hypertension dangerous?

Over the years, hypertension damages important organs such as the heart, coronary arteries, brain, kidneys and blood vessels. The result can be life-threatening illnesses such as a heart attack or stroke. Therefore, the most important goal in the treatment of high blood pressure is to permanently lower the blood pressure to a normal level. This prevents damage to organs and helps prevent a heart attack or stroke.

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What causes high blood pressure (hypertension)?

Blood pressure in the human body is regulated by a very complex mechanism. Biochemical messenger substances, organs, blood vessels and nervous system interact with each other. This mechanism has only been partially investigated to date. Doctors do not know enough at what points in this mechanism hypertension occurs. This means that the physical causes of high blood pressure are still unknown.

Who is at risk?

In numerous studies, researchers have found which conditions pose a risk for high blood pressure. Hereditary factors and personal lifestyle are primarily the most important contributors to this.

The four main factors that lead to high blood pressure are:

  1. insufficient exercise
  2. Unhealthy eating
  3. overweight
  4. Stress

At what level is blood pressure considered high?

A blood pressure value of 120/80 mmHg is optimal. Values ​​between 120/80 mmHg and 129/84 mmHg are also normal. If blood pressure is between 130/85 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg, this is considered “high normal.” It is slightly higher, but still normally crusted.

Doctors speak of hypertension only by considering a value of 140/90 mmHg and higher. Blood pressure values ​​between 140/90 mmHg and 159/99 mmHg are called mild hypertension. Blood pressure between 160/100 mmHg and 179/109 mmHg is moderate. Higher values ​​are classified as severe hypertension.

Other values, called isolated systolic hypertension , may also be found. In this form of hypertension, the upper blood pressure is 140 mmHg and higher, while the lower blood pressure is less than 90 mmHg. Isolated systolic hypertension occurs primarily in the elderly.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure (hypertension)?

Most people with high blood pressure have no symptoms. That’s why hypertension is sometimes called the “silent killer.” For this reason, it is very important to have your blood pressure checked regularly.

Some people experience headaches , nosebleeds, or shortness of breath with high blood pressure . However, these symptoms can also be caused by many other serious or non-serious things. But usually these symptoms occur when blood pressure reaches a dangerously high level over a period of time.

When should you see a doctor?

If you have symptoms of hypertension that worry you, such as headaches and shortness of breath, it is a good idea to see a doctor.

How is high blood pressure (hypertension) diagnosed?

Only one diagnostic method is not sufficient for diagnosis. Blood pressure is also often measured for general tests and routine examinations. If a doctor finds values ​​that are too high, he will usually conduct further examinations. High blood pressure cannot be determined with a single blood pressure measurement. This requires at least three blood pressure readings on two different days.

Doctors will also take into account the values ​​a patient measures at home. If there is still doubt, he can take a 24-hour blood pressure measurement. When all the values ​​come together, it tells the doctor whether the patient has high blood pressure and how severe the disease is.

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How is high blood pressure (hypertension) treated?

The best way to lower blood pressure begins with lifestyle changes to lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease. In addition, the doctor may prescribe medication to lower blood pressure. These are called antihypertensive drugs .

The goal of treatment is to lower blood pressure to normal levels. The doctor can prescribe medication that is easy to take and has few, if any, side effects. This treatment is very successful. If blood pressure can be controlled with medication alone, the medication should be taken regularly.

Also, more than one medicine may be needed to help control blood pressure. Patients should never stop taking the drug without talking to the doctor. Otherwise, the risk of having a stroke or heart attack may increase significantly.

When are medications needed?

If a person is diagnosed with severe hypertension, they should immediately take medication to lower their blood pressure. On the other hand, if the diagnosis is mild or moderate hypertension, those affected should first follow as many recommendations as possible for a healthy life.

During the first three months after a change in life, some people’s blood pressure drops to the extent that medication is not needed. If a hypertensive person’s blood pressure does not reach safe levels after three months, medication is usually required to lower blood pressure.

How to lower high blood pressure?

The most important and effective solution for high blood pressure is a healthy lifestyle. For many affected people, this means a big change in their habits. A healthy lifestyle can often contribute to the reduction of mild hypertension to normal levels. People with a more serious form of hypertension may also need to take medication along with a healthy lifestyle.

The main recommendations for a healthy lifestyle are:

  • keeping a normal weight
  • moderate alcohol consumption
  • Consume less salt
  • Healthy eating
  • avoiding nicotine
  • regular physical activity
  • Taking breaks while working for rest and relaxation

Every hypertensive should follow as many of these recommendations as possible. He will certainly not achieve this immediately, but over time, many people with high blood pressure will manage to significantly reduce their value with a healthy lifestyle.

What is good for high blood pressure?

Here are the things that are good for high blood pressure:

1- Garlic juice

Garlic juice is an excellent way to regulate blood pressure because it stimulates the production of nitric oxide, a gas with a strong vasodilating effect that facilitates blood circulation and reduces pressure on the heart. Also, garlic is a great ally for maintaining everyone’s cardiovascular health, as it has incredible antioxidant and blood vessel protective properties that prevent problems like atherosclerosis from occurring.

2- Olive leaf tea

Olive leaves are one of the best natural remedies for high blood pressure, because with the effect of its polyphenols, it manages to regulate and lower blood pressure without the risk of causing hypotension even if consumed excessively. In addition, it also causes a mild calming and relaxing effect, helping to control symptoms, for example, in people suffering from persistent anxiety.

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3- Blueberry juice

In addition to being an excellent source of antioxidants that fight diseases such as cancer and prevent premature aging, blueberries also help lower blood pressure, especially when consumed daily. In addition, the effect appears to be more pronounced in people at high cardiovascular risk, such as those who are obese or with metabolic syndrome. In this way, it can be used as a complement to the treatment recommended by the doctor.

Do you know the benefits of blueberry?

4- Hibiscus tea

Hibiscus is an herb popularly used to aid the weight loss process. However, this herb also has other important effects, such as lowering blood pressure. This happens because of its rich composition in anthocyanins, which are flavonoids that help regulate blood pressure.

However, for best results, darker branches should be used. These branches are the structures that connect the stem of the flower to the leaves. The darker the branch you use for tea, the greater the amount of anthocyanins and the greater its effects against increased blood pressure.

5- Mango tea

Another great home remedy for high blood pressure is to eat a fruit called mangaba or drink tea from mango peel because mango peel has vasodilating properties that help lower blood pressure.

6- Horsetail tea

Horsetail tea is an excellent natural diuretic that increases urine production and removes excess fluids from the body. Therefore, it can be a great way to lower blood pressure in people with too much fluid retention, as excess water in the body causes more stress on the heart, worsening cases of hypertension.

However, this tea should only be used when pressure is difficult to control by other methods and too much fluid is retained. For this reason, this tea should not be consumed for more than 1 week in a row because it also causes the excretion of important minerals through urine.

7- Valerian tea

Valerian roots have excellent muscle calming and relaxing properties that help improve blood circulation. In addition, because it is very calming and acts directly on the neurotransmitter GABA, valerian can be used especially by those who suffer from frequent anxiety attacks that cause increased blood pressure.

Can high blood pressure (hypertension) be prevented?

Controlling high blood pressure is a lifelong condition. At all times, a person should monitor their weight, make healthy food choices, exercise, learn to deal with stress, avoid smoking and limit alcohol intake. If medication is needed to control high blood pressure, it will likely be needed on an ongoing and regular basis.

In addition, regular blood pressure checks will need to get used to. The doctor may want to have a regular checkup, or he may want the person concerned to check their blood pressure at home and write them down. Some pharmacies have blood pressure machines on site. Your own, automatic arm blood pressure cuff can also be purchased for home use. The doctor may ask the person concerned to check their blood pressure several times a day.

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