I have Colitis, what can I eat?

Greetings dear readers, surely you must be wondering what can I eat or not if I have colitis? Well, in this article I am going to answer this question and what diet you should follow to alleviate it.

Colitis, or irritable bowel syndrome, is a disorder that affects around 15% of the world’s population, characterized by alterations in the ability to move the colon due to different and non-specific causes.

Actually, there are different colitis and certainly, the so-called spastic colitis ( irritable bowel syndrome ) is the most widespread and the least serious, since it does not cause permanent damage, although it is disabling because the symptoms can cause embarrassment and stress, to the point to compromise people’s work and social life.

In many cases, this annoying disorder can be kept under control with proper nutrition.

Another thing is ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the large intestine and whose origins and treatment are still unknown, although there are medications that can keep symptoms under control.

Most common symptoms of Colitis.

It is women who most often suffer from irritable bowel syndrome, especially between 20 and 30 years of age. In these cases, the attacks are symptomatic and recurrent and are characterized by constipation and diarrhea.

When colitis associated with constipation occurs, the symptoms are continuous pain or seizures, with burning, flatulence, bowel sounds and nausea.

In general we can say that colitis manifests itself with these symptoms:

  • Intestinal discomfort
  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Impaired bowel function (diarrhea and / or constipation)
  • Disorders relieved by evacuation and aggravated after meals.

Ulcerative colitis, on the other hand, manifests itself with abdominal cramps and, above all, with frequent diarrhea associated with loss of blood and intestinal mucus.

At this point, nutrition plays an important role in people’s health status and this also applies to the colon, with differences depending on the disease status.

What to eat with Colitis?

First of all, it is good to keep in mind that each person reacts differently, so for those who suffer from colitis the advice is to experiment, noting the foods that provide benefits, as well as those that irritate, and then compare them with your doctor .

As we have seen in other articles, the consumption of fiber is recommended even in cases of colitis, however, in many circumstances it can mitigate symptoms such as discomfort and constipation, but they are not effective against pain and diarrhea.

Whole foods, fruits and vegetables are rich in them. But let’s see specifically what is the best diet for colitis , with the recommended foods:

  • Oats, barley, rice, tapioca soups.
  • Vegetables soup.
  • Grilled or steamed white meat.
  • Boiled fish
  • Boiled potatoes and carrots.
  • Mashed potatoes.
  • Unfermented cheeses.
  • Yoghurt
  • Cooked fruit.
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There are also herbal remedies that can help your colitis. Let’s find out what that is.

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Colitis and Phytotherapy.

There are very useful products in irritable bowel therapy, such as:

1- The green clay:

Clay contains magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, manganese, selenium, and aluminum. In fact, the clay fulfills its function because it absorbs the toxic products of the putrefactive intestinal flora , that is, the waste products of the “bad” intestinal bacteria, as opposed to the fermentative or “good”, useful for man.

Also due to its antibiotic capacity, that is, as a contrast against pathogenic bacteria.

2- Star anise:

It is a medicinal plant that can help those who suffer from colitis, it is used as an oily extract, reducing intestinal spasms.

3- Fennel:

Another medicinal plant that has a regulatory effect on the ability to move bowel and reduces gas production.

Finally, if you want to know what to eat with colitis, you should know that cinnamon , with astringent action in case of diarrhea, and caraway , a medicinal plant known for its digestive and soothing properties, can also help you.

In addition to knowing what to eat if you suffer from colitis, I recommend that you keep in mind some tricks:

  • Do not eat fruits between meals because fermentation can increase intestinal inflammation.
  • Avoid drinks and foods that are too hot or too cold.
  • Drink a lot of water.
  • Eat slowly.

What about ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative Colitis: What to eat

Depending on the state of the disease, nutrition in ulcerative colitis can help prevent the triggering of symptoms or, on the contrary, reduce them when it is in an acute phase, but it is always important to refer to the advice of your doctor.

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Remission phase.

In general, we can say that when ulcerative colitis is in remission, the diet should not lack fibers, present in fruits and vegetables, but also in cereals, to promote peristalsis and for the proper maintenance of bacterial flora. Foods rich in fiber act in synergy with probiotics, which can be supplemented, finally, the diet must be rich in sources of Omega3 fatty acids.

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Acute phase.

In the acute phase of the disease, the dietary indications are substantially the opposite: in fact, due to the severe diarrhea, the priority is to rehydrate the body, consuming a lot of water, perhaps supplementing it with mineral salts and vitamins, and avoiding instead introducing dietary fibers that, in this phase, would worsen the problem of frequent evacuation.

Finally, both in the acute phase and in the remission phase, those who suffer from ulcerative colitis should avoid elaborate cooking, spices, alcohol, coffee and spicy foods, which have an irritant action.

In the case of colitis, knowing what to eat is particularly useful, because through a proper diet you can avoid most of the symptoms and lead a regular life.

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