What causes neck lymph node swelling? How is it understood? Is it a serious situation? Do you need to see a doctor? What should we do to pass? What’s good? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

What is neck lymph node swelling?

Neck lymph node swelling is swollen lymph nodes in the neck area and under the chin. Lymph nodes are very small clusters of immune cells that function as part of the body’s immune system. There are more than 600 lymph nodes in the body, but swollen lymph nodes are most common in the neck, under the chin, armpits, and groin . Neck lymph node swelling can occur in any age group or population, but it usually occurs in children.

Your body relies on the lymphatic system to fight off abnormal substances such as germs, infections, and cancer cells . Lymph nodes are an important part of your body’s immune system. Swelling of the lymph node located in the neck can be caused by malignancy and autoimmune disorders .

Neck lymph node swelling; It can be a symptom of an infectious disease such as a cold, mumps, rubella, sore throat , ear infection, or mononucleosis , as well as an infected wound. Neck lymph node swelling can also be caused by certain types of cancer, such as lymphoma or Hodgkin’s disease.

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Swelling of the lymph node in the neck caused by a viral infection usually resolves without treatment. However, some infections caused by bacteria or other pathogens need medical attention. If your lymph nodes have been swollen for more than two weeks or make you feel red, tender, stiff or restless, it is recommended that you seek medical attention immediately.

Causes of neck lymph node swelling

The most common cause of lymph node swelling in the neck is a viral infection such as the common cold and flu. Bacterial infections that can cause lymph node swelling include infected teeth and sore throat . Immune system disorders and some types of cancer can also cause swelling of the lymph node in the neck.

infectious causes

The more common infectious causes of neck lymph node swelling include viral and bacterial infections. Left untreated, some of these diseases can lead to serious complications and secondary diseases.

Infections that usually cause swelling of the lymph node in the neck include:

  • common cold
  • Grip
  • ear infection
  • abscessed tooth
  • Rubella
  • Mononucleos
  • Kabakulak
  • Throat infection
  • Tonsillitis

Other infectious causes

While less common, potentially life-threatening infectious diseases that can cause swelling of the lymph node in the neck include:

  • HIV – AIDS
  • Cat-scratch disease (bacterial infection from being scratched or bitten by a cat carrying bacteria)
  • Cellulitis (bacterial skin infection)
  • infected wound
  • Syphilis (sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria)
  • Toxoplasmosis (parasitic infection)
  • Tuberculosis (serious infection affecting the lungs and other organs)

non-infectious causes

Neck lymph node swelling can also be caused by non-infectious disorders such as:

  • chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Lymphatic obstruction (blockage in the lymph system)
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autoimmune causes

Neck lymph node swelling can also be caused by autoimmune diseases (malfunctioning of the immune system) such as:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis (chronic autoimmune disease characterized by joint inflammation)
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (disorder in which the body attacks its own healthy cells and tissues)

Cancer as a trigger

The most prominent life-threatening diseases that cause swelling of the lymph node in the neck are different types of cancer, including:

  • lymphoma
  • Hodgkin’s disease
  • Leukemia
  • Cancer that has metastasized (spread) to the lymph nodes
  • Mouth or throat cancer

Symptoms of neck lymph node swelling

Swelling of the lymph node in the neck often occurs with different symptoms that vary in severity depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition.

Possible symptoms

Neck lymph node swelling can present with a variety of symptoms, including:

  • bleeding gums
  • Cold or flu-like symptoms (runny nose, tiredness, fever, sore throat, headache , cough, aches and pains)
  • drooling
  • Earache
  • Genital sores (syphilis sign)
  • Joint pain
  • skin rash
  • Sensitive, warm and red lymph nodes
  • unexplained loss of appetite

serious symptoms

In some cases, neck lymph node swelling may occur with other symptoms that may indicate a serious or life-threatening condition that needs immediate immediate evaluation. For this reason, it should be evaluated medically when the following symptoms occur:

  • difficulty swallowing
  • High fever
  • Breathing problems such as shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, difficult breathing , chest pain when breathing, wheezing when breathing , shortness of breath and choking
  • Vomiting black or blood

Possible complications of neck lymph node swelling

Viral infections that cause swollen lymph nodes in the neck can usually be treated at home with self-care measures and the swelling will go away as your body fights the infection. Self-care measures include rest, drinking plenty of fluids, warm compresses, and over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen . It is important to seek medical attention for persistent or chronic swelling, redness, and pain because these are signs of a possible bacterial infection.

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Bacterial infections will need to be treated with antibiotics and a treatment plan designed by your doctor. Left untreated, a localized bacterial infection can spread to the blood and quickly become life-threatening. In addition, untreated or poorly controlled lymphoma, leukemia and other types of cancer can spread and cause death.

Over time, untreated and/or undiagnosed neck lymph node swelling can lead to serious complications, including:

  • abscess formation
  • Rheumatic fever (disease that can develop as a complication of sore throat)
  • Scarlet fever (rash caused by strep infections)
  • spread of cancer
  • Spread of the infection to the blood (septicemia or bacteremia)
  • toxic shock syndrome

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