The cause of lower back pain when bending over is not serious most of the time and will get better with self-care within a few days. But such pain can sometimes be a symptom of an important medical condition that needs to be taken seriously. You can find more information below.
What does it mean to have pain in the lower back when bending over?
When back pain occurs when bending over and getting up , it is necessary to evaluate the severity of the pain. If you are experiencing minor, non-serious pain, it may be due to a muscle spasm or muscle tension . If the pain is more severe when sitting and standing, you may have been affected by a herniated disc or other back injury. In determining the cause of this complaint, it should be considered whether there are other symptoms along with low back pain when bending over.
What causes back pain when bending over and getting up?
1. Lower back strain
Lower back strain is a common cause of lower back pain when bending over or sitting up . In this case, significant pressure can be placed on the lower back, causing the muscles and ligaments to be overstretched. A tension in the area can cause inflammation, which can lead to muscle spasms, resulting in lower back pain.
- Symptoms of lower back strain:
Feeling stiffness in the lower back, muscle spasms, difficulty maintaining an upright posture, and a limited range of motion can indicate tension in the lower back.
- Treatment of lower back tension:
Resting on your back for 1-3 days or taking over-the-counter medications such as the active ingredient ibuprofen can help reduce muscle pain. Massage, ice, and applying heat may also work. Physical therapy can also strengthen the back and help prevent further injury.
2. Herniated disc
The vertebrae in the back are cushioned by discs that act as shock absorbers and help stabilize the lower back. In the case of herniated disc, the discs that act as shock absorbers slip and put additional pressure on the surrounding nerves. Usually this is due to aging changes that cause the discs to degenerate and make it easier for the discs to slip, and it can cause lower back pain when bending over and getting up.
- Symptoms of herniated disc:
Herniated disc can cause weakness in one leg, numbness in the legs and waist. Rarely, a person with these symptoms loses control of their bowel or bladder function. In such a case, it must be treated immediately.
- Treatment of herniated disc:
Resting the back and taking the medications your doctor has prescribed usually helps. Some people may need to use steroid injections in the space around the nerve as this can relieve inflammation. If symptoms are severe, your doctor may recommend surgical intervention.
Sciatica is a condition that can result from a herniated disc and is a common cause of back pain when bending over and getting up. If the disc presses on the sciatic nerve in the lower spine, the pressure running down the lower part of one or both legs can cause a burning or severe pain sensation.
- Symptoms of sciatica:
Sciatica can limit the range of motion in one or both legs, causing pain that radiates from the lower back and hips to the legs. If a person has symptoms of sciatica and loses control of their bowel or bladder, they should seek immediate medical attention.
- Sciatica treatment:
To treat sciatica, you may need to have surgery to remove the part of the sciatic that is pressing on the sciatic nerve, but this is rare. Treatments other than surgery may include applying ice, applying heat, and various stretching exercises to relieve inflammation.
Spondylolysis is a stress fracture of the spinal vertebra that often occurs in young athletes, such as those who play soccer or do gymnastics. A person with spondylolysis may have difficulty maintaining a straight, upright posture, and may experience lower back pain when bending over . The medical term for this is spondylolisthesis.
- Symptoms of spondylolysis:
If you are affected by this condition, you may experience pain in your hips and thighs, as well as make the pain worse with activity or experience more intense lower back pain when sitting up and getting up .
- Treating spondylolysis:
Resting your back and taking pain relievers prescribed by your doctor or pharmacist can often help with low-grade stress fractures. Some people may also benefit from physical therapy and a corset to support their back during physical activity. If the injury is causing severe symptoms, your doctor may recommend surgery.
5. Ankylosing spondylitis
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the spine, especially the joints near the groin and hips. Ankylosing spondylitis can cause pain, stiffness, and other discomfort when you bend over. Over time, ankylosing spondylitis can cause inflammatory changes that cause the bones in the spinal joints to fuse. It can also cause changes in your posture when severe, giving you a hunchbacked appearance.
- Ankylosing spondylitis symptoms:
A person with ankylosing spondylitis may feel pain when pressure is applied to their lower back and the area above the pelvic bones.
- Ankylosing spondylitis treatment:
Treatment initially involves taking pain relievers. If symptoms worsen, your doctor may prescribe other medications that help reduce inflammation. Additionally, some people find that physical therapy helps improve their flexibility.
How does the pain go away when bending over and getting up?
Things like the following are helpful in how to relieve lower back pain and prevent lower back pain when crouching:
- Bending your knees instead of bending over to reduce the risk of spinal problems and muscle tension
- Avoiding bending the spine in jobs that require bending
- Keeping the legs open when bending over to reduce your risk of falling forward
- avoiding lifting very heavy objects
- Carrying objects as close to the body as possible and keeping them at waist level
The person who experiences low back pain when bending over may also benefit from measures such as:
- Using over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, in consultation with your pharmacist
- Avoiding strenuous work and resting for a few days
- Making time for activities such as light exercise and walking
- Using medical equipment such as a lumbar support
When to see a doctor for back pain when bending over and getting up?
If you have difficulty in doing any movement related to low back pain, defecation or urination problems, it is recommended to see a doctor without wasting time. Any of these conditions indicates the presence of a medical emergency that requires prompt treatment to prevent further nerve damage. If low back pain worsens despite the precautions you take or does not go away within 2 weeks, you should consult your doctor.
From which department to make an appointment for low back pain?
Among the departments where an appointment for low back pain can be made are the following:
- general surgery
- Internal medicine
- Orthopedics and traumatology
- Physical therapy and rehabilitation
You may be confused about which department you should make an appointment with for low back pain. The wisest thing to do about this is to go to your family doctor first. Your family doctor will tell you which department you should make an appointment with.