Rabbit breeds from A to Z – Small and large rabbit breeds with picture

Rabbits provide tender, extremely tasty meat that is also very healthy. In addition, they are uncomplicated and can be held with little effort. So it’s no wonder that the animals are very popular with self-sufficient people. But which breed should you choose? 

Important instructions

Practically all rabbit breeds are very easy to care for. If the housing conditions are right, hardly anything can actually go wrong. One should always be aware that rabbits are very social animals. Under normal circumstances, they live in large associations. Rabbits should therefore never be kept alone in a barn. If you do that, it can lead to significant behavioral problems. Even stalls that are too small are torture for the animals. The barn must be adapted to the size of the respective rabbits. In the end, it is important to have a sufficient height, as the animals love to stand up. Here is an overview of the main breeds of rabbits.

German giants

  • Size : tall, around 72 cm long
  • Weight : 7 to 11.5 kg
  • Fur : very dense, different colors
  • Housing : Stable housing, free-range housing possible in summer, grooming required, claws must be cut regularly
  • Diseases : no specific, often misaligned teeth, gastrointestinal problems due to poor nutrition

The German giants are among the most widespread rabbit breeds in this country. They are excellent meat suppliers. Typical features of these are the enormous body size and in particular the up to 19 cm long ears. For species-appropriate keeping, it is imperative that the barn is large enough. The height plays a special role: Rabbits naturally stand on their back legs and stand up straight. German giants are fully grown and ready for slaughter after about eight months. Rabbits typically throw twice a year. The animals have different coat colors depending on the species. The range extends from iron gray to black and blue to white.

Giant German Checks

  • Size : large, up to 68 cm long
  • Weight : 6 to 10 kg
  • Coat : very dense, about 4 cm long hair, piebald
  • Husbandry : stable, in summer free-range husbandry possible. Grooming necessary, claws have to be trimmed regularly
  • Diseases : no specific, often misaligned teeth, gastrointestinal problems due to poor nutrition
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The German giant checkers are closely related to the German giant. However, they do not quite reach their size and weight. But of course they are also among the best meat suppliers among the rabbit breeds. In addition to the robust build and long ears, typical features are, above all, the piebald coat color. The combination of white and black occurs most frequently. The German giant checkers also need a relatively large stall. Like most other rabbit breeds, they are fully grown in around eight months. Rabbits should be pregnant around twice a year.

German rams

  • Size : medium to large, up to 60 cm long
  • Weight : 5.5 to 9 kg
  • Fur : dense, about 4 cm long hair, mostly monochrome
  • Housing : Stable housing, free-range housing possible in summer, grooming required, claws must be cut regularly
  • Diseases : no specific, often misaligned teeth, gastrointestinal problems due to poor nutrition

The German rams are also closely related to the German giants. Typical features of these animals are the extremely compact body and the long, hanging ears. Among the most commonly bred rabbit breeds, the German rams are undoubtedly some of the best meat suppliers. They come in different coat colors. The animals look extremely cute.

Bright large silver

  • Size : medium in size, up to 40 cm long
  • Weight : 4.5 to 5.5 kg
  • Fur : medium length, dense undercoat, monochrome
  • Housing : stable housing, grooming not absolutely necessary, claws have to be trimmed regularly
  • Diseases : no specific, often misaligned teeth, gastrointestinal problems due to poor nutrition

Rabbit breeds with a strong silver tinge to their fur have been bred for several centuries. They were first documented in writing in 1631. The light large silver appeared in Germany for the first time in 1911. If you look at the typical characteristics of the animals, you will especially notice their cylindrical body. You are one of the more average meat suppliers.

Mecklenburg Chicken

  • Size : medium in size, up to 50 cm long
  • Weight : 4.5 to 5.5 kg
  • Fur : dense, thick undercoat
  • Housing : stable housing, claws must be cut regularly
  • Diseases : none specific, problems from poor diet
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The Mecklenburg piebalds are a relatively old breed that is still widespread. Characteristics that are typical for them: large-scale shearling of the fur, different colors in the head area or the muzzle between the upper jaw and lower jaw. They provide very tasty, relatively fat-free meat. The yield is limited.

Red New Zealanders

  • Size : medium in size, up to 35 cm long
  • Weight : 6 to 10.5 kg
  • Coat : very dense, about 4 cm long hair, piebald
  • Housing : stable housing, grooming necessary, claws must be cut regularly
  • Diseases : none specific

Breed characteristics of the Red New Zealanders are the reddish coat color and a cylindrical, elongated body. It is also interesting that the ears are relatively short, but very strong. The fur is extremely dense.

Californians

  • Size : medium in size, up to 35 cm long
  • Weight : 4 to 5 kg
  • Fur : dense, mostly sent
  • Housing : stable housing, claws must be cut regularly
  • Diseases : none specific

The Californians are one of the rabbit breeds that are also very popular with us and can be found in many stables. What is striking about them is their large forehead area and the clearly rounded tips of their ears. The whole body looks very stocky, the extremely powerful hind legs are set wide.

Wiener

  • Size : medium in size, up to 35 cm long
  • Weight : 4.25 to 5.25 kg
  • Fur : very dense, monochrome
  • Housing : stable housing, grooming necessary, claws must be cut regularly
  • Diseases : none specific

The Viennese are also one of the very popular rabbit breeds in German stables, and they come in very different forms. These include blue Viennese, blue-gray Viennese, black Viennese, white Viennese, and gray Viennese. The very compactly built animals all have a medium-length fur that is characterized above all by its very dense undercoat. The head is always very close to the torso. The ears have an ideal length of ten to 13.5 cm.

Russians

  • Size : small, up to 30 cm long
  • Weight : 2.3 to 3 kg
  • Coat : fine, dense undercoat, strong hair on the ears
  • Housing : stable housing, claws must be cut regularly
  • Diseases : none specific
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The so-called Russians are also among those rabbit breeds that can produce meat of very high quality, but are not particularly productive. The cute animals are often confused with dwarf rabbits. Typically, the fur in the head area and on the paws has a different color than the rest of the body.

Attention: The Russians have a very similar drawing to the Californians and are therefore difficult to distinguish.

Petty checks

  • Size : small, up to 35 cm long
  • Weight : 3 to 3.75 kg
  • Fur : very fine, typically checked
  • Housing : stable housing, claws must be cut regularly
  • Diseases : none specific

Among the rabbit breeds, the small pinto are typical stable animals that are kept in large numbers in this country. They deliver excellent meat, but they are nowhere near as large as their larger relatives. Typical features are their cylindrical body, a short head and around 13 cm long, compact ears.

Lining

Rabbits are typically fed green fodder and concentrates. They love fresh grass. However, it must not be given in a moist state, as this can lead to diarrhea in the animals. The gift of hay is always ideal. Anyone who specifically wants to fatten animals gives them boiled potatoes to eat.

breed

All rabbit breeds are very fertile. However, you should limit the pairing to two runs a year. Depending on the breed, the animals are fully grown within six to eight months and can be procreative themselves. Sick animals or animals with malformations, especially of the teeth, should not be used for breeding.

Diseases

If the keeping and feeding conditions are correct, diseases are relatively rare. Gastrointestinal problems can occur most frequently, which is a clear indication that something is wrong with the feeding or diet. Inflammation of the eyes is also still relatively common. Then it is essential to check whether there is too much draft. Infectious diseases such as myxomatosis and rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) are extremely rare. Myxomatosis can only be treated by the veterinarian. There is currently no functioning therapy for RHD. Both diseases are usually transmitted externally by rabbits. When buying animals, you should therefore carefully check their state of health.

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