What is abdominal pain? Why does it happen? What does it mean to have right, left, lower or upper abdominal pain? When should you see a doctor? How does it go? What is good for stomach ache? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

What is abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain is any pain or discomfort that occurs between the chest and groin. In this region are the abdomen, stomach, intestines (small and large intestines), appendix, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, esophagus and numerous blood vessels. Abdominal pain can occur in many parts of the abdomen depending on these organs, and some people may describe it as stomach pain .

Abdominal pain is a symptom, not a disease. While most of the time it is not a sign of a serious condition, it can sometimes indicate a serious underlying problem. Pain in the abdomen can occur as a side effect of indigestion , stress, infection, gallstones, inflammation, intestinal obstruction , peptic ulcer, cancer and drugs .

Abdominal pain can be caused by indigestion due to food eaten , but this is not serious and is short-lived. If the cause of the pain in the abdomen is due to chronic pancreatitis, stomach cancer or gastroesophageal reflux disease and similar diseases, the pain may last longer and the affected person may feel severe abdominal pain .

People may describe abdominal pain as mild to severe, acute, coming and going, stabbing, or cramp-like . Although most people will experience abdominal pain several times in their lifetime, it is rarely caused by a serious medical problem.

However, chronic pain in your abdomen or accompanied by vomiting blood, bloody stools, dizziness, bloating, fainting, shortness of breath, or yellowing of the skin (jaundice) can be a sign of a serious, potentially life-threatening condition and should be promptly evaluated in an emergency setting. . If you are experiencing any of these, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible.

What causes abdominal pain?

Common causes of abdominal pain are usually from the digestive system. Relatively harmless gastrointestinal conditions include indigestion, gas, and constipation . Stress and anxiety can also cause general abdominal pain. Sometimes kids say their stomach hurts because they’re trying to avoid a stressful or scary situation, like skipping school, so they don’t get into trouble with their peers or friends.

However, it is always important to consider and rule out the possibility of physical causes , as abdominal pain can be caused by infection, malignancy, inflammation, trauma, obstruction and other abnormal processes.

Life-threatening conditions such as trauma, abdominal aortic aneurysm, and bleeding peptic ulcer can also cause abdominal pain and should be evaluated promptly in an emergency setting. Conditions involving other body systems such as the endocrine, nervous, reproductive, and urinary systems can also cause abdominal pain.

Gastrointestinal causes of abdominal pain

Abdominal pain can be caused by problems in the digestive system, including:

  • Appendicitis

You may experience early symptoms of appendicitis in the center of the abdomen, the sign is lower right abdominal pain and fever . Appendicitis is often a medical emergency because an inflamed and infected appendix can rupture and spread the infection.

  • intestinal obstruction

Intestinal obstruction, manifested by stomach pain, constipation , vomiting, bloating, and nausea , can cause intestinal rupture and infection if not treated promptly.

  • celiac disease

With celiac disease , you may experience abdominal bloating and pain, diarrhea, weight loss, and fatigue . Celiac disease, a chronic, immune-mediated condition that causes your body to overreact to gluten and damage the lining of the small intestine, has no cure, but eliminating gluten from your diet is a must.

  • Colitis

Colitis is an infection or inflammation of any part of your colon. Colitis is less severe than ulcerative colitis, which is a form of inflammatory bowel disease because ulcerative colitis is a chronic, lifelong condition. Antibiotics can clear up bacterial colitis, and viral colitis typically gets better on its own.

  • Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is a rare but possible cause of abdominal pain. Symptoms include fatigue, blood in the stool, change in bowel habits, bloating and gas .

  • Constipation

Constipation is a very common condition where you do not defecate as often as is normal for you or it may be difficult to pass stools. Home remedies for mild constipation include drinking prune juice, plenty of water, and taking a stool softener.

  • Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis can present as fever, chills, nausea, and possibly bloody stools , often. A doctor should always be consulted for signs of diverticulitis, as complications include abscess and perforation.

  • Food intolerances or allergies

Food allergies are an immune response in the body that can cause a variety of symptoms. Food intolerance symptoms are typically regional and limited to the gastrointestinal tract. In such a situation, allergy testing and elimination diets can help find the cause of other symptoms such as stomachache and asthma.

  • food poisoning

It is possible to see severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, weakness and skin problems in the symptoms of food poisoning . Most cases are mild and do not require medical treatment other than to prevent dehydration. Antibiotics are needed for severe bacterial food poisoning such as E. coli .

  • gallstones

Right upper abdominal pain is a classic symptom of gallstones, especially after eating. Medications can dissolve small gallstones, but gallbladder removal is the most common treatment for large stones.

  • Gas
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Your stomach and intestines produce gas as they break down food. Some people and certain types of food produce more gas than others. Symptoms of gas include pain, fullness (bloating), abdominal noise, burping, and gas . If gas is normal, but bothersome, there are medications that help break down the sugars that cause gas. Also, an elimination diet can help you identify problem foods.

  • Gastritis and viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu)

Gastric flu with gastritis can cause central and lower abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting . Gastritis may resolve on its own, depending on the underlying cause. Stomach flu usually lasts 24 to 48 hours, but non-infectious gastritis may take longer to resolve. There is no specific treatment for stomach flu. You can drink diluted decaffeinated and soft drinks, broth or oral rehydration solution to prevent dehydration . To relieve your stomach, you may prefer to avoid eating for a day.

  • Indigestion

Symptoms of indigestion include abdominal pain and burning sensation in the abdomen, heartburn , fullness and burping. You may feel the symptoms of indigestion more in the upper abdomen than in the lower abdomen . Home remedies for indigestion overlap with those for gas, including antacids and dietary changes . Acid reducers may be necessary for frequent or chronic indigestion and heartburn.

  • inflammatory bowel disease

Inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis area chronic condition characterized by abdominal cramps, nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea and weight loss , and symptoms may come and go from time to time. Prescription medications can calm symptoms and reduce flare-ups.

  • irritable bowel syndrome

Also known as irritable bowel syndrome , symptoms of this condition include abdominal pain, bloating and cramps, along with constipation or diarrhea . Irritable bowel syndromeis a common condition that can be managed with medications and certain dietary changes .

  • Liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis, liver failure)

Symptoms of liver disease can be mistaken for indigestion or the stomach flu, but liver disease symptoms can last for a long time, and you may also experience jaundice, loss of appetite and fatigue . Some liver conditions resolve spontaneously; for others, treatment depends on the cause.

  • Pancreatitis

Symptoms of pancreatitis include typically severe, cramp-like pain in the upper and middle part of the abdomen and may radiate from the left or right side to the back. It is also possible to experience fever, nausea, and jaundice . Treatment for pancreatitis typically includes intravenous antibiotics and other procedures to prevent complications.

  • peptic ulcer

Peptic ulcer, which occurs at the beginning of the stomach or small intestine, can cause severe abdominal pain . You may also experience a burning sensation, nausea, and loss of appetite . Antibiotics and acid reducers or acid blockers are effective treatments for most peptic ulcers to allow the tissue to heal.

Other causes of abdominal pain

Abdominal pain can also be caused by problems in body systems other than the digestive system, including:

  • abdominal trauma

Damage to organs or blood vessels inside the abdomen can cause internal bleeding , even if there are no external signs of trauma. It is important to always be examined and, if necessary, seek medical attention after an accident and injury to prevent internal damage.

  • Abdominal tumor or mass

An abdominal mass that causes pain and other symptoms, ranging from a simple cyst to cancer, requires immediate medical attention to diagnose and treat the problem.

  • Endometriozis

Endometriosis, also known as a chocolate cyst , is a condition in which the lining of the uterus grows abnormally outside of the uterus. Symptoms include abdominal and lower back pain, cramps, fatigue, and heavy bleeding during and after the menstrual period . Medication can help relieve symptoms of endometriosis; In some cases, surgery is required.

  • Hernia

A painful lump is a typical symptom of an abdominal hernia. A hernia that causes problems in the lower abdomen is usually an inguinal hernia . A painful hernia may require surgical repair.

  • kidney disease

Symptoms associated with kidney disease vary greatly depending on the cause. Kidney stone pain is usually severe, felt on the side of the abdomen and moves to the lower abdomen and groin . Kidney disease treatment varies depending on the nature and cause of the disease.

  • side effect of drugs

Medications that occur as side effects and can cause abdominal pain include anti-cancer drugs, antibiotics, and sodium phosphate.

  • ovarian cyst

Although they often do not cause symptoms, symptoms of ovarian cysts include lower abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, pain during stools, and possible changes in menstrual period. You should see a gynecologist and obstetrician for the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cysts.

  • Prostatitis

In addition to abdominal pain, men with prostatitis may experience pain during stool, testicular pain and urinary retention . Prostatitis pain can be severe and requires a doctor’s control. Prescription antibiotics can treat bacterial prostatitis.

  • Sexually transmitted diseases

Pain from STDs typically involves the lower abdomen or pelvic area and may occur with sexual intercourse. Along with pelvic pain, symptoms range from skin changes to painful urination to vaginal or penile discharge . If you suspect a sexual illness, it is important to see a doctor.

  • shingles

Shingles, which is caused by a viral infection, begins in the nerves that affect one side of the body, and the abdomen is a classic starting point. Before the shingles rash appears on the skin, you may feel pain and tingling in the side of the abdomen.

  • spleen enlargement

An enlarged spleen can cause left upper abdominal pain and possibly left shoulder pain, as well as fatigue, lack of energy, bleeding easily, and feeling full after eating a small amount of food. Medical attention should be sought for these symptoms.

  • Toxic exposures

Toxic chemicals, poisonous plants, and poisonous insect bites can cause abdominal pain and many other symptoms involving the skin, lungs, brain, and nerves . Regardless of symptoms, the first thing to do in case of toxic exposure is to call 911 or go to the emergency room.

  • Urinary tract infection
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In addition to lower abdominal pain with a urinary tract infection , you may likely experience pain or burning when urinating, smelly urine, and a frequent urge to urinate . If you think you may have a urinary tract infection, you should see a doctor for diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

  • uterine fibroids

These noncancerous growths in and around the uterus are uterine fibroids and may not cause symptoms, but are very painful in some women. Treatments include hormone therapy and surgery.

Serious causes of abdominal pain

In some cases, abdominal pain may be a sign of a serious or life-threatening condition that should be evaluated immediately in an emergency room. Serious life-threatening causes include:

  • Abdominal abscess
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • acute congestive heart failure
  • fluid in the abdominal cavity
  • intestinal obstruction
  • Cancer
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • Gastrointestinal kanama
  • Kidney failure
  • Liver failure
  • Occlusion, embolism or thrombosis of the mesenteric artery
  • perforated peptic ulcer
  • Peritonitis
  • Portal hypertension
  • Pulmonary embolism if there is pain in the upper left or upper right side

Causes of abdominal pain by location

The location of the abdominal pain and other accompanying symptoms can help diagnose the cause of the pain. Pain concentrated in a specific area is more likely for right lower abdominal pain than general pain caused by a specific organ, such as the appendix.

General pain felt throughout the abdomen

Common causes of pain felt in more than half of the abdomen/belly area include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • bowel problems
  • Food allergy, intolerance, sensitivity or poisoning
  • gas problems
  • indigestion (stomach upset)
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • stress or anxiety
  • Viral gastroenteritis (mide mushrooms)

upper abdominal pain

The upper abdomen includes the stomach, liver, spleen, part of the pancreas, gallbladder, parts of the small intestine, and parts of the large intestine (colon). Causes of upper abdominal pain include:

  • Abdominal abscess or mass
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Intestinal diseases, including cancer, inflammation, infection, or obstruction
  • celiac disease
  • Colitis
  • Diverticulitis
  • spleen enlargement
  • Gallbladder disease or gallstones
  • gastritis and stomach flu
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease and indigestion
  • Heart attack due to left upper abdominal pain
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • kidney stone or kidney infection
  • liver disease such as hepatitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Ulcer

Causes of lower abdominal pain

The lower abdomen includes the lower right appendix, the large intestine, parts of the urinary tract, and the reproductive organs. Causes of lower abdominal pain may overlap with causes of pelvic pain. Possible causes of lower abdominal pain include:

  • Appendicitis
  • bladder infection
  • Intestinal diseases, including cancer, inflammation, infection, or obstruction
  • Colitis
  • Constipation
  • Diverticulitis
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • Endometriosis
  • Hernia
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • Kidney stone
  • menstrual cramps
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Prostatitis
  • uterine fibroids

Causes of left abdominal pain

Left abdominal pain may be related to organs on the left side of the abdomen. On the left side of the abdomen are the spleen, pancreas, left lobe of the liver, part of the stomach, parts of the urinary tract (for example, the left kidney and ureter), the reproductive tract (for example, the left ovary), parts of the small intestine/large intestine, and the sigmoid colon. Possible causes of left abdominal pain include:

  • Intestinal diseases, including cancer, inflammation, infection, or obstruction
  • Diverticulitis
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • spleen enlargement
  • Heart attack
  • kidney problems
  • ovarian cyst
  • Pancreatitis
  • Ulcer
  • Pulmoner emboli

Causes of right abdominal pain

Right abdominal pain, on the other hand, may occur related to the organs on the right side. On the right side of the abdomen are the appendix (lower right side), gallbladder, right lobe of the liver, part of the stomach, parts of the urinary tract (for example, right kidney and ureter), reproductive tract (for example, right ovary), small intestine, and large intestine. Possible causes of right abdominal pain include:

  • Appendicitis
  • Intestinal diseases, including cancer, inflammation, infection, or obstruction
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • Gallstones and other gallbladder conditions
  • kidney problems
  • liver disease
  • ovarian cyst
  • Pulmoner emboli

abdominal pain during pregnancy

Especially at the beginning of pregnancy, many women often complain of abdominal pain. This is mainly because the uterus and surrounding tissue are stretched to create enough space for the fetus. If the fetus is larger, the child’s movements may also cause abdominal pain. It is also common for pregnant women to suffer from constipation accompanying abdominal pain. In such situations during pregnancy, you need to listen carefully to your body. If the pain lasts longer than usual, gets worse, or is accompanied by fever, nausea, vomiting, and bleeding , seek medical advice immediately.

Abdominal pain in children

Abdominal pain is a common condition in children. Some children’s digestive systems are very sensitive and they feel pain in response to even normal bowel activities. The most likely cause of abdominal pain in children is not eating enough, not going to the toilet, or a combination of the two. In some cases , a specific problem, such as constipation, heartburn, or a food allergy , also causes abdominal pain in children. In other cases, the cause may not be so obvious and requires medical attention. Also, infection, stress or insomnia.can make intestinal nerves more sensitive to pain. In some cases, the problem may be genetic, meaning it “passes the child from the family” and in this case other family members have a history of similar problems. However, if the pain does not go away, a doctor’s examination is essential.

What symptoms can occur with abdominal pain?

You can think of the abdomen as the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, intestines, but there are many other organs in the abdomen, including the bladder, kidneys, numerous blood vessels, and parts of the reproductive system. Therefore, various symptoms may accompany abdominal pain, depending on the underlying cause and the involved organ.

Digestive symptoms

Abdominal pain originating from the digestive tract may be accompanied by a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Burping
  • Change in defecation habits
  • Diarrhea
  • Swelling
  • Gas
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea
  • Anorexia
  • Vomiting

Other symptoms

Abdominal pain may be accompanied by symptoms related to other body systems, including:

  • chest pain or pressure
  • easy bleeding or bruising
  • Tiredness
  • fever and chills
  • flu-like symptoms
  • delayed menstrual periods
  • discoloration of the skin
  • fast heart rate
  • rapid breathing or shortness of breath
  • skin rash
  • Tenderness in the abdomen when touching
  • urination problems
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serious symptoms

In some cases, abdominal pain may be accompanied by symptoms that may indicate a serious or life-threatening condition that should be evaluated immediately. Symptoms that may indicate a serious or life-threatening condition include:

  • blood in stool
  • black stool
  • difficulty breathing
  • dizziness
  • Fainting or change in consciousness
  • High fever
  • Pulsating mass in the abdomen
  • rapid heart rate or rapid breathing
  • severe abdominal pain
  • vomiting blood or black matter
  • feeling weak and powerless
  • yellowing skin and eyes (jaundice)

When to see a doctor for abdominal pain?

You should see a doctor if the abdominal pain is severe or for mild abdominal pain that lasts longer than a week (even if it comes and goes occasionally). Conditions that are serious and require medical attention include:

  • If the abdomen is firm and tender to the touch
  • If there is blood in the stool or vomit
  • If you have constipation with vomiting
  • If you have trouble breathing
  • If you experience dizziness
  • if you have a high fever
  • If you have increased fatigue, lethargy or weakness
  • If you have a pulsating mass in your abdomen
  • If you experience rapid heart rate or rapid breathing
  • If the pain spreads from one part of the body to another
  • If the eyes and skin are yellowed (jaundice)

How is the cause of abdominal pain diagnosed?

In most cases, doctors can determine, or at least suspect, the cause by your symptoms alone. For example, abdominal pain with painful urination and fever suggest a bladder infection. Imaging exams and blood and urine tests may be necessary to determine the cause of abdominal pain and the best treatment .

Your doctor may also ask the following questions to determine the cause:

  • Can you describe your abdominal pain?
  • Does it feel dull or sharp and knife-like?
  • Can you rate your pain from 0 to 10?
  • Is the pain constant or does it come and go?
  • Where exactly do you feel the pain?
  • What other symptoms are you experiencing, such as fever, vomiting or nausea?
  • How long have you had abdominal pain?
  • Have you traveled recently?
  • What medications, herbs, and supplements do you take?
  • Is it possible for you to be pregnant?
  • Are you sexually active?
  • Do certain foods or activities seem to make your pain worse?
  • Have you taken any over-the-counter medication for your pain?

How is abdominal pain treated?

Common gastrointestinal causes of abdominal pain such as gas, indigestion (dyspepsia), constipation and stomach upset will resolve within a few hours, even without treatment. You can try over-the-counter medications for faster relief. Your doctor or pharmacist can help you choose the right medicine.

Over-the-counter medication options include:

  • Antacids and acid reducers
  • Antigas drugs
  • anti-nausea medicine
  • Stool softeners for constipation

Other gastrointestinal causes of abdominal pain, such as food poisoning, gastritis, or peptic ulcers, may also improve after the stomach or intestinal lining has had a chance to heal.

Medical treatments may include:

  • Antibiotics for bacterial causes
  • Acid reducers and acid blockers
  • Pepto-Bismol
  • Electrolyte replacement fluids in case of vomiting or diarrhea to prevent dehydration

Treatment options for other causes of abdominal pain depend on the cause. Treatment for chronic conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease will likely involve a combination of medications, lifestyle changes, and perhaps surgery at some point . Acute conditions such as bowel obstruction, appendicitis or gallstones may require hospital care and possibly surgery to repair or remove diseased tissue.

How is abdominal pain treated?

The first and safest step to relieve abdominal pain is to get an accurate medical diagnosis, as the doctor may perform an exam and order tests to rule out serious causes. However, if you have general abdominal pain and you suspect it is due to minor gastrointestinal issues, you may consider the following medications:

  • Baking soda for heartburn (1 teaspoon in 240 ml of water)
  • Ginger aids digestion and reduces nausea (ginger root is best, you can try brewing some in hot water)
  • Warm compress on your abdomen for cramp-like pain (it should not be too hot, it should be warm)
  • Broths and healthy sports fluids
  • Lying on your left side (it can help you pass gas)
  • avoiding problem foods such as dairy products, beans, broccoli, and potential allergens
  • Consuming black molasses for constipation (1 tablespoon per day)
  • over-the -counter medications, such as ibuprofen , for pain or fever

What is good for stomach ache?

Some fruits and vegetables are also effective for pain in the abdomen and abdomen. Some of the vegetables that can help with abdominal pain include:

  • Fennel:
    Fennel is a vegetable that is easy to digest and does not tire the stomach. In addition, fennel oil also aids in digestion. Fennel tea is mainly used against bloating.
  • Sage, chamomile and mint:
    Chamomile relieves cramps, inhibits bacterial growth and has an antibacterial effect. Sage soothes the stomach and relieves pain. The essential oils in peppermint tea will help your aching lower stomach.
  • Cardamom:
    If your gastrointestinal tract is in trouble, the cardamom plant and its essential oils can help relieve the discomfort. For example, you can add a pinch of crushed cardamom pod to your tea, it will help you.
  • Potatoes:
    Potatoes are one of the most essential foods and bind acids in the digestive system. It is especially recommended to consume it by cooking with little oil, boiling in water or preparing mashed potatoes.
  • Apple:
    Apples are high in fiber and enzymes. They aid digestion and are good for stomachaches. The pectin found in apples provides a healthy intestinal flora and has a pain-relieving effect.
  • Tomato:
    Tomato is the best helper when there is pain in the upper or lower abdomen. Tomatoes contain lycopene, have an antioxidant effect and are an easily digestible fruit.
  • Pumpkin:
    Pumpkin is also good for stomachache. Pumpkin is incredibly stomach-friendly, and pumpkin is also rich in potassium and magnesium. Therefore, you can consume it with peace of mind.

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