Heartburn often manifests as a burning sensation in the throat and a sour taste in the mouth. Burning pain in the chest is caused by the reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus. For more information, you can read the article below.

What is heartburn?

Heartburn is a condition that is usually felt in the esophagus and causes a heartburn and burning sensation. It occurs when rising stomach acid attacks the lining of the esophagus. Heartburn is often associated with acid regurgitation. If acid-related stomach complaints occur regularly, they should be examined by a doctor.

How does heartburn occur?

In heartburn, gastric juice containing hydrochloric acid rises into the esophagus and irritates the mucous membrane there. If this happens frequently, aggressive digestive juices damage the esophagus.

Gastric acid sometimes even rushes into the throat and nose area, especially when lying down. In case of acid regurgitation, stomach acid intermittently enters the esophagus and mouth.

In the passage from the esophagus to the stomach, the sphincter often acts like a valve, preventing the backflow of cumin and gastric juice. If this valve does not close properly, stomach contents can rise into the esophagus.

There are often mechanical causes for this. Obesity and pregnancy can affect sphincter tension. An unusual position of the stomach can also interfere with its function.

To summarize briefly:

  • Stomach acid turns solid food into an easily digestible pulp.
  • If the sphincter at the entrance of the stomach is not working properly, stomach acid enters the esophagus.
  • The rising stomach acid causes a burning condition behind the breastbone.

What causes heartburn?

Heartburn or burning often occurs after eating certain foods. This includes particularly fatty foods such as chocolate or fries, but also caffeinated beverages such as coffee or tea. Alcohol and nicotine also promote heartburn. Both relax the muscles and thus the sphincter (esophageal sphincter) between the stomach and esophagus.

In addition, cigarettes, as well as wine, sparkling wine, beer and the like, increase stomach acid production. If the two come together, heartburn develops with sphincter relaxation and increased stomach acid production.

Medications can also cause stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus. Among these drugs, antibiotics, osteoporosis drugs, pain relievers and anti-inflammatories are thought to be possible triggers , as well as some antihypertensives from the NSAID group .

Also, stress and anger often lead to heartburn.

Obese people often complain of heartburn symptoms. This is because the increased pressure on the stomach can push its contents into the esophagus. Pregnant women are also often affected.

There are other triggers for gastric acid to flow back into the esophagus. Some diseases can cause heartburn or heartburn. Among them; have an irritable stomach, gastroenteritis, diabetes , esophagitis, rupture of the diaphragm, or stomach ulcer.

What are the symptoms of heartburn?

Those affected describe their symptoms differently. One perceives it as a burning sensation along the esophagus, the other feels a sensation of pressure or heat there extending from the upper abdomen to the sternum and neck.

Especially after eating, acidic stomach contents may reflux. Why so? When eating, the stomach absorbs not only food, but also air. It stretches and the sphincter relaxes for a little while, so the stomach has a chance to get rid of the excess air by burping, while the acid comes out and you feel the problem. Also, it is not always necessary for the symptoms to occur due to food intake.

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In addition to the main symptom of heartburn, there are also a number of symptoms related to acid. This includes reflux symptoms that are not related to the stomach or esophagus. In the case of reflux disease, stomach acid can rise up to the larynx, leading to chronic inflammation manifested by persistent hoarseness or an overwhelmed voice.

Other heartburn symptoms include:

  • burp acid with air
  • Tension of the sternum
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty swallowing and having to clear the throat
  • Feeling of pressure in the upper abdomen
  • hoarseness
  • Shortness of breath, chronic bronchitis, also asthma

As soon as the smallest droplets of acid move through the air and penetrate the thin bronchial system, the lungs are affected. In the long run, this can, for example, trigger chronic bronchitis or even lead to asthma (reflux asthma).

When should you see a doctor?

Sometimes heartburn is nothing to worry about. You should exercise caution if symptoms occur more than once a week, if your quality of life is affected, or if you are feeling sick.

In this case, you should see a doctor to find the exact cause and find out the cause of the discomfort together with your doctor.

How is the cause of heartburn diagnosed?

If heartburn or burning occurs frequently, the symptoms should be clarified with a doctor. The doctor can determine if heartburn needs treatment and if something else is behind the symptoms.

To diagnose heartburn, the doctor first records the medical history and wants to learn, for example:

  • When did it started?
  • Does it increase after meals or while lying down?
  • Have you had any other complaints and anything similar before?
  • Are you taking medicine? What drugs are you taking?

Those suffering from reflux disease often report a burning sensation behind the sternum that rises from the upper abdomen to the throat, stomach cramps after a meal, increased saliva, an acid taste in the mouth, and bloating.

If reflux disease is suspected as the cause of heartburn or heartburn, X-rays of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum are usually taken after a physical examination. With the help of these examinations, the doctor can determine whether the mucous membrane is inflamed and to what extent.

In the case of heartburn, additional examinations such as an ultrasound examination (sonography) or an X-ray examination may also make sense.

How is heartburn treated?

Treatment for heartburn is based on the cause and severity of the symptoms. As a form of treatment, it may be sufficient to avoid the meals that usually cause the complaints. Typical foods or drinks that can cause heartburn or heartburn include:

  • fatty foods
  • hot spices
  • Coffee
  • Black tea
  • Chocolate or sweets
  • carbonated drinks
  • Apple
  • Citrus

If you have heartburn, alcohol and nicotine should also be avoided if possible. Smaller meals at bedtime are recommended for those with heartburn. Ideally, the last meal should also be at least three hours before bedtime.

If heartburn or heartburn also occurs while lying down, elevating the head of the bed or using another pillow may help. This means that stomach acid cannot flow back into the esophagus very easily during sleep.

People with this complaint often may also need to take medication under the supervision of a doctor. Proton pump inhibitors are mainly used to inhibit stomach acid production. Alternatively, H2 blockers and acid-binding agents are possible.

If the esophagus is narrowed due to scarring in very advanced reflux disease, surgery (fundoplication) may be required.

How is heartburn treated?

Here are tips on how to get over substance-by-bite heartburn:

  • Eat small meals 5-6 times a day. Large meals are very bulky and lead to an overly full stomach. There is an increased risk of stomach acid being pushed into the esophagus.
  • Especially in the evening, you should avoid eating rich meals and not eat too late.
  • Do not lie down immediately after eating.
  • Sleeping with your upper body slightly elevated helps.
  • If you are overweight, reduce your weight.
  • Avoid stress, as this is a common heartburn trigger. Relaxation exercises, sports, meditation and rest can help reduce stress and therefore heartburn.
  • Do not wear tight clothing and do not tighten your belt.
  • Oblique posture promotes heartburn.
  • Avoid using alcohol and tobacco.
  • Try not to consume citrus fruits.
  • Don’t drink black tea, drink herbal teas.
  • Chewing gum is said to reduce heartburn. The increased saliva production when chewing gum apparently protects the lining of the esophagus.
  • Studies have shown that sugar can be a trigger for people who have to deal with heartburn or burning sensation from chocolate, for example. In these cases, the theobromine contained in chocolate is responsible.
  • The effect of coffee on heartburn is not fully understood. Coffee consumption can exacerbate symptoms.
  • Many people describe the appearance of heartburn after spicy food. However, the type of active ingredients in herbal spices differ significantly, so a uniform assessment is not possible. Studies have shown that the active ingredient capsaicin, which is responsible for the temperature in peppers, increases the sensitivity of the esophagus to gastric juice, thereby increasing the burning sensation.
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What is good for heartburn?

Here are some of the things that are good for heartburn:

1- Baking soda

Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, has a positive effect on the digestive system when diluted in water. It quickly neutralizes stomach acid and temporarily relieves the discomfort of heartburn. However, it can be used for a maximum of 2 weeks.

Things you will need:

  • Half a teaspoon of baking soda
  • 1 glass of water

How is it prepared?

Mix the ingredients and drink this mixture slowly in small sips. The point to remember is that the use of sodium bicarbonate, that is, baking soda, should not exceed 3 teaspoons a day, and it can be used for a maximum of 2 weeks for rapid relief of heartburn. That’s because overuse can make stomach ailments worse.

2- Ginger tea

Ginger tea helps relieve esophageal inflammation and reduce the acidity of the stomach. It contains ginger, chogaol and zingerone, which have anti-inflammatory and antiemetic properties that reduce heartburn and stomach burning sensation.

Things you will need:

  • 1 cm ginger root (cut into slices or grated)
  • 1 liter

How is it prepared?

Boil the water and add the ginger, then boil it together with the ginger for 5-10 minutes. Then remove the ginger and drink the tea 20 minutes before each meal 3 to 4 times throughout the day. Another option for making tea is to replace the ginger root with 1 teaspoon of powdered ginger.


This tea should be avoided by people with active bleeding in the stomach, eg for ulcers, or by people taking anticoagulant medications. That’s because ginger has anticoagulant properties that can cause or increase the risk of bleeding.

Do you know the benefits of ginger?

3- Fennel tea

Fennel tea contains anethole, estragole and alcanphus, which have antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and digestive effects. These help relieve stomach inflammation, reduce the burning sensation in the throat, and help empty the stomach.

Things you will need:

  • 1 tablespoon of fennel seeds
  • 1 cup of boiling water

How is it prepared?

Add fennel seeds to boiling water and let it steep for 10 to 15 minutes. Then strain and drink 2 to 3 glasses a day 20 minutes before a meal. Another option to prepare this tea is to use ready-made fennel tea bags.


Fennel tea should not be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women.

4- Licorice root tea

Licorice root contains glycyrrhizin, a substance that helps reduce stomach acidity. Glycyrrhizin protects the stomach lining and can be used as a home remedy for heartburn, stomach ulcers and can be quite beneficial for relieving the burning sensation in the stomach.

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Things you will need:

  • 1 teaspoon of licorice root
  • 1 glass of boiling water
  • honey to taste

How is it prepared?

Add licorice root to a glass of boiling water, cover and leave for 10 minutes. Then strain and drink, or sweeten with honey if you wish. Drink this tea twice a day.


Licorice root tea should not be consumed by pregnant or breastfeeding women and people with heart conditions.

5- Pear juice

Pear juice is rich in anti-inflammatory substances such as flavonoids that help fight stomach inflammation. Also rich in fiber and water, which improves digestive health, this juice helps dilute stomach acid and relieve the discomfort and burning caused by heartburn.

Things you will need:

  • 2 ripe pears
  • 3 drops of lemon
  • 250 ml su

How is it prepared?

Beat the pear and water in a blender until a homogeneous mixture is obtained. Add the lemon drops so that they do not thicken the water. Drink the juice 2 times a day or when symptoms of heartburn and heartburn occur.

6- Apple cider vinegar

Although apple cider vinegar is acidic, it can help balance the pH of the stomach and improve heartburn, heartburn, and gas formation in the stomach that causes a person to belch more often. This is because the acids found in apple cider vinegar help correct the excessive acidity of the stomach.

Things you will need:

  • 1-2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar
  • 1 glass of water

How is it prepared?

Add apple cider vinegar to a glass of water and mix. Drink this mixture 20 minutes before breakfast, lunch or dinner. It is important to rinse your mouth with water immediately after drinking the apple cider vinegar solution and brush your teeth after 30 minutes to prevent erosion of the tooth enamel.

7- Potato juice

Potato juice is a good home remedy against heartburn, heartburn, esophageal inflammation, gastroesophageal reflux, gastritis and stomach ulcers. Because it is highly alkaline and works by neutralizing the acidity of the stomach, just like antacid drugs.

Things you will need:

  • 1 raw potato

How is it prepared?

You can drink it purely by squeezing the juice of one raw potato. Another option is to mash the potato in a blender, strain and drink the juice. You can drink freshly prepared raw potato juice on an empty stomach before breakfast every day.

Do you know the benefits of potato juice?

What is good for heartburn during pregnancy?

Here are the things that are good for heartburn during pregnancy:

  • Chewing sugar-free gum: Chewing sugar -free gum for about half an hour after meals increases saliva production, which can neutralize excess acid in your esophagus.
  • Eating almonds: You can eat a few almonds after each meal, as these delicious nut can relieve and even prevent heartburn or heartburn by neutralizing the juices in the stomach.
  • Drinking milk: You can relax with a small glass of almond milk after every meal or when heartburn starts. Some mothers also benefit from warm milk mixed with a tablespoon of honey.
  • Ginger: Some women find that ginger ale or ginger candies can help relieve stomach upset. This spice can also combat the nausea and vomiting that comes with heartburn and burning.
  • Apple cider vinegar: People tend to think of vinegar as very acidic, but apple cider vinegar is actually pretty neutral when it comes to stomach acid, so it calms stomach acid. You can dilute a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water and drink it once a day for relief.

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