What are the Causes of Pain in the Lower Part of the Abdomen?

What causes pain in the lower abdomen? Is lower abdominal pain serious? When should you see a doctor? What should be done to pass? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

Is the pain in the lower abdomen serious?

The causes of pain in the lower abdomen are usually conditions related to the digestive system. But you may also experience lower abdominal pain associated with conditions of the skin, blood vessels, urinary tract or reproductive organs . There may be tenderness when the area is touched, or the pain may be severe and you may feel abdominal stiffness . Pain in the lower abdomen can be extremely bothersome and with it severe anxiety (anxiety) may occur. This pain felt in the lower abdomen can sometimes appear as pain in the lower left side of the abdomen , and sometimes as pain in the lower right side of the abdomen . Pain in the lower abdomen, inflammation, appendicitis, intestinal obstruction or intestinal perforation.

In women, lower abdominal pain can be caused by twisting of the ovary (ovarian torsion), rupture of an ovarian cyst , ectopic pregnancy, or pelvic inflammatory disease. Men, on the other hand, may experience severe underbelly pain due to testicular torsion or injury . Pain in the lower abdomen ; It can be caused by gas, indigestion, inflammation, infection and, in women, menstrual cramps or a chocolate cyst . Severe lower abdominal pain that comes in waves can be caused by kidney stones. Hernias and shingles trauma can also cause pain in the lower abdomen.

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Sudden onset, severe, persistent, recurrent, worsening, or lower abdominal pain accompanied by other serious symptoms are conditions that should be taken seriously. You should see a doctor if you have a disorder in your bowel habits, if you have bloody stools, if you vomit blood, if you have severe pain or hardening of the abdomen, if you have been injured, if you have a sudden onset of sharp pain, if you have cancer or if you are pregnant. If lower abdominal pain persists or worries you, especially if it gets worse rather than better, you should seek medical attention immediately. Urinary problems, high fever, decreased appetite or unexplained weight loss are also conditions that require immediate medical attention.

What other symptoms can occur with pain in the lower abdomen?

Lower abdominal pain may be accompanied by other symptoms that vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder, or condition. Symptoms are often related to the digestive system, but they can also be related to other body systems.

Gastrointestinal symptoms that may occur along with lower abdominal pain

Lower abdominal pain may be accompanied by other symptoms that affect the digestive system, including:

  • abdominal cramps
  • Abdominal bloating
  • stool problems
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Gas
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Urgent need for a large toilet

Other symptoms that may occur along with lower abdominal pain

Lower abdominal pain may be accompanied by symptoms related to other body systems, including:

  • body aches
  • Fire
  • General feeling of sickness
  • muscle spasms
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • pain or burning when urinating
  • numbness or tingling
  • A palpable mass in the abdomen or groin area
  • body rash
  • Unexplained weight loss

Serious symptoms that may occur along with lower abdominal pain

In some cases, pain in the lower abdomen can be a sign of a serious condition that needs immediate attention. If you or a loved one has any of the following serious symptoms, you should seek immediate medical attention:

  • bleeding during pregnancy
  • Change in level of consciousness, such as fainting or unresponsiveness
  • High fever
  • Vomiting with defecation
  • Fast heart rate (tachycardia)
  • Abdominal stiffness
  • Severe groin pain or writhing abdominal pain that comes on suddenly
  • Pain in the abdomen after any injury
  • vomiting blood
  • blood in stool or rectum

What are the causes of pain in the lower abdomen?

Lower abdominal pain is usually related to gastrointestinal conditions, but you may also feel pain in the lower abdomen associated with the skin, blood vessels, urinary tract, or reproductive organs.

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Gastrointestinal causes of lower abdominal pain

Causes of pain in the lower abdomen related to the digestive system include:

  • Appendicitis
  • digestive tract infection
  • Celiac disease (severe sensitivity to gluten causing intestinal damage)
  • chronic constipation
  • Diverticulitis (an abnormal inflammation in the colon)
  • Food intolerance, such as lactose intolerance (inability to digest lactose, the sugar in dairy products)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease ( such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis )
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (digestive condition that does not cause bowel damage or serious illness)

Other causes of lower abdominal pain

Conditions related to various body systems are also potentially among the causes of lower abdominal pain, such as:

  • Abdominal hernia (weak area of ​​the abdominal wall where the internal organs can slip)
  • Abdominal or pelvic organ cancer
  • Endometriosis (a condition in which tissue resembling the lining of the uterus grows in other parts of the body)
  • Kidney stone
  • menstrual cramps
  • Ovarian cysts (benign sacs in the ovary that contain fluid, air, or other substances)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (infection of a woman’s reproductive organs)
  • Shingles (painful, blistering rash on the body)
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Uterine fibroids (abnormal growths of uterine muscle tissue)

Serious causes of lower abdominal pain

Causes of pain in the lower abdomen that may indicate a condition that should be taken seriously include:

  • Abdominal abscess
  • Intestinal obstruction or perforation
  • Bending the column
  • Ectopic pregnancy (life-threatening pregnancy outside the uterus)
  • Intestinal ischemia (loss of blood supply to the intestines leading to death of intestinal tissue)
  • Intussusception (intestinal entanglement, which can cause intestinal ischemia)
  • Ovarian torsion (twisting of the ovary)
  • Peritonitis (infection of the lining surrounding the abdomen)
  • abdominal injury
  • testicular injury
  • Testicular torsion

How to diagnose the causes of pain in the lower abdomen?

You should see your doctor if the abdominal pain you feel is due to indigestion, gets worse over time, or does not go away. Your doctor will likely do a physical exam and ask about your symptoms in detail. If you are complaining of lower abdominal pain, your doctor may perform a gynecological or rectal examination. In addition, various tests may be necessary to determine the exact causes of pain in the lower abdomen.

Tests to diagnose the cause of lower abdominal pain may include blood tests such as a complete blood count, which can check for infection or blood loss. A pregnancy test may also be required to rule out pregnancy-related causes of lower abdominal pain . Imaging tests, such as computed tomography , may also be necessary for underbelly pain . If you are pregnant, ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice to evaluate unexplained abdominal pain.

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How does the pain in the lower abdomen pass?

To treat lower abdominal pain, the cause of this problem must first be identified. That’s because treatment will vary depending on what triggers the pain in the lower abdomen. However, there are things that can be done to treat lower abdominal pain caused by simple causes . For mild abdominal pain caused by flatulence or indigestion, you can consult your pharmacist to take medication, avoid foods that bother you, use probiotics, or choose alternative treatments such as acupuncture.

If you have a bacterial infection that causes abdominal pain, then your doctor will likely need to prescribe medication. Those who experience severe indigestion may also need various prescription medications. Lower abdominal pain caused by a urinary tract infection is usually treated with antibiotics.

There is no medicine that will cure or eliminate some digestive disorders, such as ulcerative colitis or irritable bowel syndrome. However, the treatment applied in such cases will eliminate the symptoms. Treatment of digestive disorders includes a combination of lifestyle changes and prescription medications to manage symptoms.

Some causes of lower abdominal pain may require surgery . For example, people with severe ulcerative colitis may need surgery to prevent complications of the disease. Appendicitis is also almost always considered an emergency that requires surgery as soon as possible. Without surgery, the appendix can burst and trigger a serious infection.

As a result

Pain in the lower abdomen is often not caused by a cause for concern, but sometimes it can be caused by serious causes. Lower abdominal pain may start suddenly, may or may not go away over time. Gas, indigestion, inflammatory bowel disease or appendicitis are among the causes of pain in the lower abdomen. Gynecological conditions such as menstrual cramps and pregnancy can also cause lower belly pain . Another cause of lower abdominal pain is a urinary tract infection. Whatever the cause of your pain; If it doesn’t go away with time, gets worse, worries you, or you have other symptoms, it is recommended that you see a doctor as soon as possible.

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