What causes headache? What is good for headaches?

What is a headache?

Headache is pain in any part of the head. Headaches may occur on one or both sides of the head, be focused in a specific place, radiate from one point to the head, or have a visual side effect.

Headaches may appear as a sharp pain, throbbing sensation, or a dull ache. Headaches can develop gradually or suddenly and last from an hour to several days.

What causes headache?

Your headache symptoms can help your doctor determine the cause and appropriate treatment. Most headaches are not the result of a serious illness, but some can be caused by a life-threatening condition that requires emergency care.

Headaches are generally classified according to their cause:

Primary headaches and their causes

Primary headaches are caused by overactivity or problems in the pain-sensitive structures in your head. Primary headache is not a symptom of an underlying disease.

Chemical activity in your brain, the nerves or blood vessels surrounding your skull, or the muscles of your head and neck, or a combination of these factors, may play a role in primary headaches. Some people may also carry genes that make them more likely to develop this type of headache.

The most common primary headaches are:

  • Head throbbing
  • Migraine
  • Migraine with aura
  • tension-type headache
  • Cluster headache

Several headache patterns are also generally considered primary headache types, but are less common. These headaches have different characteristics, such as an unusual duration or pain associated with a particular activity.

Although the following are generally considered primary, each may be a symptom of an underlying disease:

  • Chronic daily headaches (for example, chronic migraine and chronic tension-type headaches)
  • Cough-related headaches
  • Exercise-related headaches
  • sex-related headaches

Some primary headaches can be triggered by lifestyle factors, including:

  • Alcohol, especially red wine
  • Certain foods, such as processed meats, that contain nitrates
  • Changes in sleep or lack of sleep
  • bad posture
  • Skipped, uneaten meals
  • Stress

Secondary headaches and their causes

Secondary headaches are a symptom of a disease that can activate the pain-sensitive nerves of the head. Some conditions, which can vary greatly in severity, can cause secondary headaches.

Possible causes of secondary headaches include:

  • Acute sinusitis (sinus infection)
  • Blood clot in the brain (venous thrombosis)
  • brain aneurysm (a bulge in an artery in your brain)
  • Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) – abnormal formation of brain blood vessels
  • Glioma
  • carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Chiari malformation (structural problem at the base of your skull)
  • concussion
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • Dehidrasyon
  • dental problems
  • Ear infection (middle ear)
  • Encephalitis (brain inflammation)
  • Giant cell arteritis (inflammation of the lining of the arteries)
  • Glaucoma (eye pressure)
  • hangover
  • high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Influenza and other febrile illnesses
  • ntrakranial hematom
  • Medicines taken to treat other disorders
  • Meningitis
  • Use of Chinese salt
  • Overuse of pain medication
  • Panic attacks and panic disorder
  • concussion syndrome
  • Pressure from tight headgear such as a helmet or goggles
  • false tumor syndrome
  • Stroke
  • Toxoplazmozis
  • Trigeminal nevralji

Some types of secondary headaches include:

  • External compression headaches (a result of pressure-inducing headaches)
  • Ice cream headaches (commonly called brain freeze)
  • Headaches due to overuse of medications (for example, due to overuse of pain relievers)
  • Sinus headaches (due to inflammation and congestion in the sinus cavities)
  • Spinal headaches (possibly from low pressure or volume of cerebrospinal fluid, possibly as a result of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak, spinal tap, or spinal anesthesia)
  • Thunderclap headaches (a group of disorders that include sudden, severe headaches with multiple causes)

When to see a doctor for headache?

headaches; It could be a sign of a serious condition such as a stroke, meningitis, or encephalitis. In the following cases, you should go to the emergency room without wasting time:

  • Confusion or trouble understanding speech
  • Fainting
  • High fever
  • numbness, weakness, or paralysis on one side of your body
  • stiff neck
  • difficulty seeing
  • speech problem
  • walking problem
  • Nausea or vomiting (unless clearly related to flu or hangover)
Read More  Maca: 8 effects + 3 risks of the Peruvian super root

The following conditions are less serious but still require a doctor’s visit:

  • If it happens more often than usual
  • If it is more severe than normal
  • If it does not go away with the appropriate use of over-the-counter medications
  • interferes with your work, sleep, or participation in normal activities
  • If you are looking for a solution to better control the pain

How is the headache going?

Rest and pain medications are the main treatments for headaches. Other options include:

  • Over-the-counter pain medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, in consultation with the doctor
  • Prescription pain medications prescribed by the doctor
  • Doctor-recommended preventive medications for specific conditions, such as migraines
  • Other treatments for underlying conditions

It is very important to follow a doctor’s guidance to avoid headaches from overuse of any medication.

Treatment of headaches caused by medication overuse includes reducing or stopping the medication. A doctor can help develop a plan for safely tapering off the medication. In extreme cases, a short hospital stay may be required to effectively manage post-drug withdrawal syndrome .

How to relieve headache?

Some care strategies can help prevent or relieve a headache, such as:

  • Use a heat or ice pack against the head or neck, but avoid extreme temperatures and never apply ice directly to the skin.
  • Avoid stressors as much as possible and practice healthy coping strategies for inevitable stress.
  • Eat regular meals, taking care to maintain stable blood sugar levels.
  • Get enough quality sleep by following a regular routine and keeping the bedroom cool, dark and quiet.
  • Exercise regularly to increase overall health and reduce stress.
  • Limit alcohol intake and drink plenty of water.
  • Take breaks while working to avoid tension and eye strain.

What is good for headaches?

Here are the things that are good for substance headaches:

1- Drink enough water

Inadequate hydration can cause headaches. In fact, studies have shown that chronic dehydration is a common cause of tension headaches and migraines. ( Source )

Fortunately, for most dehydrated individuals, drinking water has been shown to relieve headache symptoms within 30 minutes to three hours. ( Source )

What’s more, being dehydrated can impair concentration and cause irritability, making your symptoms worse.

You can focus on drinking enough water and eating water-rich foods throughout the day to help avoid headaches related to dehydration.

You may be interested in our article on how much water we should drink daily .

2- Take some magnesium

One of the answers to the question of what is good for headaches is magnesium. Magnesium is an essential mineral required for numerous functions in the body, including blood sugar control and nerve conduction. ( Source )

Interestingly, magnesium has also been shown to be a safe and effective remedy for severe headaches. Evidence suggests that magnesium deficiency is more common in people who suffer from frequent migraine headaches than in those who do not have the same problem. ( Source )

Studies have shown that 600 mg of oral magnesium citrate treatment per day helps reduce both the frequency and severity of migraine headaches. ( Source )

However, taking magnesium supplements can cause digestive side effects such as diarrhea in some people, so it’s best to start with a smaller dose when treating headache symptoms.

3- Limit alcohol

While drinking an alcoholic drink may not cause headaches in most people, research has shown that alcohol can trigger migraines in about a third of those who experience frequent headaches. (Source)

Alcohol has also been shown to cause tension and cluster headaches in many people. ( Source )

It is a vasodilator, meaning it widens blood vessels and allows blood to flow more freely. Vasodilation may cause headaches in some people. In fact, headaches are a common side effect of vasodilators like blood pressure medications. ( Source )

In addition, alcohol acts as a diuretic and causes the body to lose fluids and electrolytes through frequent urination. This fluid loss can cause dehydration, which can cause or worsen a headache. ( Source )

4- Get enough sleep

Sleep deprivation can be detrimental to your health in many ways and even cause throbbing headaches in some people.

For example, one study compared headache frequency and severity in those who slept less than six hours a night and those who slept longer. This study found that those who slept less experienced more frequent and severe headaches. ( Source )

Read More  Ketogenic nutrition: 5 effects & 5 tips for implementation

However, sleeping too much has also been shown to trigger headaches, and getting the right amount of rest is important for those seeking solutions to prevent headaches. ( Source )

The right amount of sleep is generally between seven and nine hours a day.

5- Avoid foods high in histamine

Histamine is a chemical found naturally in the body and plays a role in the immune, digestive and nervous systems. ( Source ) It’s also found in certain foods, such as cheeses, fermented foods, beer, wine, smoked fish, and cured meats.

Studies suggest that consuming histamine can cause migraines in those who are sensitive to it.

Some people cannot secrete histamine properly because the enzymes responsible for breaking it down are impaired. ( Source )

Cutting histamine-rich foods from the diet can be a helpful strategy for people who often suffer from severe and throbbing headaches. ( Source )

6- Use essential oils

An answer to the question of what is good for a headache is essential oils. Essential oils are highly concentrated liquids containing aromatic compounds derived from various plants.

It has many therapeutic benefits and is most often used topically, only some of which can be ingested. Peppermint and lavender essential oils are especially helpful when you have a headache.

Applying peppermint oil to the forehead has been shown to reduce the symptoms of tension-type headaches. ( Source )

Meanwhile, lavender oil is highly effective in reducing migraine pain and associated symptoms when applied to the upper lip and inhaled. ( Source )

7- Try B vitamins

B vitamins are a group of water-soluble micronutrients that play many important roles in the body. For example, they contribute to neurotransmitter synthesis and help convert food into energy. ( Source )

Some B vitamins may have a protective effect against both general and morning headaches. Several studies have shown that the B vitamin supplements riboflavin (B2), folate, B12, and pyridoxine (B6) can reduce headache symptoms. ( Source )

B complex vitamins contain all eight B vitamins and are a safe and cost-effective way to naturally treat headache symptoms.

B vitamins are considered safe to take regularly, as they are water-soluble and their excess will be excreted in the urine. ( Source )

8- Soothe the pain with a cold compress

Using a cold compress can help reduce your symptoms of headaches.

Applying cold or frozen compresses to the neck or head area reduces inflammation, slows nerve conduction, and constricts blood vessels, all of which help reduce both neck pain and normal headaches. ( Source )

In a study of 28 women, applying a cold gel pack to the head significantly reduced migraine pain. ( Source )

To make a cold compress, fill a waterproof bag with ice and wrap it in a soft towel. Apply the compress to the back of the neck, head or temples to relieve headaches.

9- Consider taking Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a substance naturally produced by the body that helps convert food into energy and acts as a powerful antioxidant. ( Source )

Studies have shown that taking CoQ10 supplements can be an effective and natural way to treat mild, moderate, severe and throbbing headaches.

For example, one study in 80 people showed that taking 100 mg of CoQ10 supplements per day reduced migraine frequency, severity, and length. ( Source )

Another study involving 42 people with frequent migraines found that three 100mg doses of CoQ10 throughout the day helped reduce migraine frequency and migraine-related symptoms such as nausea. ( Source )

10- Try the elimination diet

Research shows that food intolerances can trigger headaches in some people.

To discover if a particular food is causing frequent headaches, try an elimination diet that eliminates the foods most related to your headache symptoms.

Cheese, alcohol, chocolate, citrus fruits and coffee are among the most commonly reported food triggers in migraine sufferers. ( Source )

In one small study, a 12-week elimination diet was shown to reduce the frequency of migraine headaches people experience within four weeks. ( Source )

11- Try caffeinated tea or coffee

Tea and coffee may surprise you as an answer to the question of what is good for a headache. However, sipping caffeine-containing beverages, such as tea or coffee, can provide relief when suffering from a headache.

Caffeine improves mood, increases alertness and constricts blood vessels; all of which can have a positive effect on headache symptoms. ( Source )

They also help increase the effectiveness of common medications used to treat headaches, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen. Source )

Read More  The dangerous business with fake guides on Amazon

However, caffeine withdrawal is also known to cause headaches if a person regularly consumes large amounts of caffeine and stops suddenly.

Therefore, people who suffer from frequent headaches should be mindful of their caffeine intake. ( Source )

12- Try acupuncture

Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine technique that involves inserting fine needles into the skin to stimulate specific points on the body. ( Source ) This practice has been associated with a reduction in headache symptoms in many studies.

A review of 22 studies involving more than 4,400 people found that acupuncture was as effective as common migraine medications. ( Source )

Another study found that acupuncture was more effective and safer than topiramate, an anticonvulsant drug used to treat chronic migraines. ( Source )

If you are looking for a natural way to treat chronic headaches, acupuncture may be a valuable choice.

13- Relax with yoga

Yoga is an excellent way to reduce stress, increase flexibility, and relieve severe pain and improve overall quality of life. ( Source ) Practicing yoga may even help reduce the intensity and frequency of your headaches.

One study investigated the effects of yoga therapy on 60 people with chronic migraines. The frequency and intensity of headaches decreased more in those who practiced yoga compared to those who did other exercises. ( Source )

Another study found that people who practiced yoga for three months had a significant reduction in headache frequency, severity, and associated symptoms compared to those who did not practice yoga. ( Source )

14- Avoid strong odors

Strong scents, such as those from perfumes and cleaning products, can cause some people to experience headaches.

A study of 400 people who experienced migraines or tension headaches found that strong scents, especially perfumes, often trigger headaches. ( Source )

This hypersensitivity to smells is called osmophobia and is common in chronic migraine sufferers. ( Source )

If you think you are sensitive to smells, avoiding perfume, cigarette smoke, and strong-smelling foods can help reduce your risk of migraines.

15- Try herbal solutions

Certain herbs, including feverfew and butterbur, can reduce headache symptoms.

Feverfew is a flowering herb with anti-inflammatory properties. Some studies suggest that taking feverfew herb supplements in doses of 50-150mg per day may reduce the frequency of headaches. However, other studies have not found a benefit. ( Source )

Butterbur root comes from a perennial shrub native to Germany and has anti-inflammatory effects like feverfew. Various studies have shown that taking butterbur extract in doses of 50-150mg reduces headache symptoms in both adults and children. ( Source )

Feverfew is generally considered safe when taken in recommended amounts. However, butterbur should be used with caution and under the supervision of a doctor, as unrefined forms can cause liver damage and the effects of long-term use are unknown. ( Source )

16- Avoid nitrites and nitrates

Nitrates and nitrites are common food preservatives added to items like hot dogs, sausages, and bacon to keep them fresh by preventing bacterial growth.

Foods containing them have been shown to trigger headaches in some people. Nitrites can trigger mild, moderate, severe and throbbing headaches, causing dilation of blood vessels. ( Source )

To minimize your exposure to nitrites, limit the amount of processed meat in your diet and choose nitrate-free products whenever possible.

17- Drink ginger tea

Ginger root contains many beneficial compounds, including antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents. ( Source )

A study in 100 people with chronic migraine found that 250mg of ginger powder was as effective as the traditional headache medication sumatriptan at reducing migraine pain. ( Source )

What’s more, ginger also helps reduce nausea and vomiting, which are common symptoms associated with severe headaches. ( Source )

To relieve headaches, you can take ginger powder capsules or make a strong tea with fresh ginger root and drink it.

18- Get some exercise

One of the simplest ways to reduce the frequency and severity of headaches is to participate in physical activities.

For example, one study in 91 people found that indoor cycling for 40 minutes three times a week was more effective than relaxation techniques at reducing headache frequency. ( Source )

Another large study involving more than 92,000 people showed that a low level of physical activity was clearly associated with an increased risk of headaches. ( Source )

There are many ways to increase your activity level, but one of the easiest ways is to increase the amount of steps you take throughout the day.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.