What causes headaches during pregnancy? Is it a serious situation? Is it normal? Does it require doctor control? Will it harm the baby? How does it go? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.
About headaches during pregnancy
If you are experiencing headaches during pregnancy , the first thing to know is that you are not alone. A medical study has shown that many women experience headaches during pregnancy and postpartum. While you may often have a different type of headache than it did before pregnancy, headaches during pregnancy are often nothing to worry about. Headaches in the first trimester of pregnancy can occur for different reasons than headaches in the second or third trimester. In some cases, headaches can be a sign of other health problems during pregnancy.
It is always useful to inform your doctor if you have a headache before, during, or after pregnancy. You can keep a diary to record how often you have headaches and how severe the pain is. Additionally, you may note any other symptoms you have.
Types of headaches during pregnancy
Headaches that occur during pregnancy are primary headaches. This means that the headache is spontaneous. It is not a sign, symptom, or complication of another disorder.
Primary headaches include:
- tension headaches
- migraine attacks
- cluster headaches
One study found that the majority of headache types during pregnancy were tension-type headaches. You should tell your doctor if you have chronic headaches, migraines, or a history of migraines during pregnancy. Some women with a history of migraines experience fewer migraine attacks during pregnancy. Migraines are also linked to complications later in pregnancy or after the baby is born.
Secondary headaches are caused by a complication in pregnancy, such as high blood pressure.
What causes headaches during pregnancy?
The causes of headaches during pregnancy can vary depending on many factors such as:
Causes of headaches in the first trimester
Tension-type headaches are common during the first trimester of your pregnancy. This may be because your body is currently undergoing several changes. The following changes can trigger a headache:
- hormonal changes
- higher blood volume
- weight changes
Common causes of headaches in the first trimester of pregnancy include:
- Dehydration (dehydration of the body)
- Nausea and vomiting
- lack of sleep
- caffeine withdrawal
- poor diet
- low blood sugar levels
- lack of physical activity
- light sensitivity
- vision changes
Certain foods can also contribute to headaches. However, you should consult your doctor before cutting any food. Because the food you want to leave may contain vitamins and similar things that are important to you.
Causes of headaches in the second and third trimester
Headaches in your second and third trimesters of pregnancy can occur for different reasons. These usually include:
- Extra weight gained
- Posture changes
- sleeping less than usual
- eating habits
- muscle tension
Hypertension as a cause of headache in pregnancy
Headaches in the second or third trimester of your pregnancy may be a sign that you have high blood pressure . According to a study, 95% of pregnant women between the ages of 20 and 44 in the United States have high blood pressure. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warns that this treatable condition can cause serious complications for both mother and baby. This is most common after the 20th week of pregnancy.
If you are pregnant, high blood pressure can increase the following risks:
- Low oxygen flow to the baby
- Premature birth (before 37 weeks)
- Plasental abruption
- Low birth weight of the baby
Your doctor may prescribe medication to treat your high blood pressure. You will also need to reduce salt and add more fiber to your daily diet. Regular exercise is also very important to help stabilize your blood pressure.
Other causes of headaches during pregnancy include common infections and more serious illnesses such as:
- sinus infection
- low blood pressure
- blood clots
- sickle cell anemia
- heart problems
- Meningitis or encephalitis
Common headache symptoms during pregnancy
First of all, the first thing to know is that the effect of headaches during pregnancy may differ for each person. But in general, symptoms can include:
- dull pain
- Pulsating or throbbing pain
- Severe pain on one or both sides
- Sharp pain behind one or both eyes
Migraine pain can also include:
- see glare
- blind spots
When should you see a doctor?
If you have any headache problems during pregnancy, it is always useful to see your doctor. You should also seek emergency medical attention if:
- Nausea and vomiting
- blurred vision
- severe pain
- Headache that lasts longer than a few hours
- Frequent headache
How is the cause of headache in pregnancy diagnosed?
Your doctor may recommend tests and scans to find the cause of your headache, such as:
- controlling your blood pressure
- Can testi
- blood sugar test
- vision test
- Head and neck ultrasound
- Heart or head scan
- eye health check
- Lomber ponksiyon
How do you get a headache during pregnancy?
You should definitely talk to your doctor before taking your usual headache pain relievers during pregnancy. Because headache medications can harm your pregnancy. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has warned that some pain medications can be harmful to your growing baby, especially if taken during the first trimester.
Your doctor may recommend alternative remedies and natural methods to treat headaches during pregnancy, such as:
- drinking lots of water
- adequate rest
- ice pack
- heating pad
- Exercise and stretching
- Essential oils such as peppermint, rosemary, and chamomile
Remember, your doctor will decide whether to take any medication or which method is right for you.
As a result
Headaches are common during pregnancy. You may have tension-type headaches during the first trimester of your pregnancy. This can be due to the many changes you have gone through in a short period of time. Headaches can also occur for other reasons during the second and third trimesters of your pregnancy. Some causes of headaches in your mid to late pregnancy can be serious.
High blood pressure is a serious cause of headaches during pregnancy. You can have high blood pressure at any time during your pregnancy and not notice any symptoms. It is useful to check your blood pressure at home at least once a day.
If you have a headache at any time during your pregnancy, you should notify your doctor. If you or a family member has a history of migraines, high blood pressure, seizures, or diabetes, your doctor should also know.
You should take all medications and treatment exactly as prescribed by your doctor. You should carefully follow all dietary and exercise recommendations. You should see your doctor for all follow-up and regular checkups. Most causes of headaches during pregnancy can be treated or prevented with the right care.