What causes back eye pain? Is it a serious situation? When should you see a doctor? What should we do to pass? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

Is pain behind the eye serious?

Each of us has experienced some form of eye pain from time to time, possibly including pain behind the eyes . Eye pain can vary in severity from a dull ache to intense pain, and the pain can be in various parts of the eye. Eye or back eye pain may sometimes be accompanied by fever, redness, light sensitivity, sinus pressure, double vision, and numbness. Most of the time, back eye pain is not a serious condition, but in some cases it can be serious. Therefore, it is important to find out what is causing your eye pain the most.

Pain behind the eye: Eye-related causes

1. Vision problems

Vision problems such as the following can trigger pain behind the eye:

  • Myopia (distant vision)
  • Hyperopia (nearsightedness)
  • Astigmatism (blurred and distorted vision)
  • Presbyopia (near blurred vision in people over 40)

In the above vision problems, the eye is not exactly the culprit. It is caused by the eye and the brain trying to compensate for the lack of vision. Intense focusing causes pain in and behind the eye. If you have such a condition, glasses and contact lenses can relieve the pain behind your eyes.

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2. Dry eye

Dry eye is an eye problem caused by insufficient fluid that lubricates the eyes. Dry eyes can cause various problems and make your daily life difficult.

Symptoms related to dry eyes include:

  • Itching, burning or stinging sensation in the eyes
  • redness of the eyes
  • sensitivity to light
  • blurry vision
  • Feeling that there is something in the eye

Although dry eyes can be annoying, there are many options for treating this problem, such as:

  • artificial tears
  • Various drops, gels or ointments
  • Various prescription drugs

Using a steam machine in your environment can also provide a soothing effect on eye dryness.

3. Scleritis

The sclera is the hard outer covering that covers the eyeball. Scleritis is the name given to inflammation of this outer covering. Scleritis can cause pain behind the eye, which may be felt more when moving the eye. If you have scleritis, you may also notice that besides the pain, you have redness in your eyes and sensitivity to light.

Scleritis can be treated with the following medications, depending on what triggers the inflammation:

  • Oral streoidler
  • topical steroids
  • Immunosuppressive drugs


Dry eye and scleritis can also occur as a symptom of various diseases such as Sögren’s syndrome , lupus , inflammatory bowel diseases .

4. Optic neuritis

Optic neuritis can cause a variety of eye-related pain, including pain behind the eye. That’s because optic neuritis is an inflammation of the nerves that connect the eyes to the brain. These optic nerves are behind our eyes and are very important for us to move our eyes. If these nerves become inflamed, it is most likely to cause eye pain. Optic neuritismay also be linked to a disease called multiple sclerosis . Optic neuritis is a condition that can be treated with a variety of medications.

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Pain behind the eye: Causes not related to the eye

1. Sinusitis

Sinusitis is the inflammation of the air sacs (they are called sinuses) in the nose. There are also various sinus cavities in the bony orbit where your eyeball is, inflammation of these can also cause various eye-related problems. Various sinus infections, such as sinusitis, can cause eye- related pain, including pain behind the eye.

Other symptoms associated with sinusitis may include:

  • Pain in various parts of the face
  • High fever
  • Cough
  • nasal congestion
  • nose clip
  • feeling of burnout

Treatment of sinusitis depends on the cause of the infection. Possible treatments include:

  • various antibiotics
  • Decongest
  • pain relievers
  • applying heat
  • Saline nasal sprays
  • steam treatment

2. Migraine

People with migraine often report throbbing pain behind the eyes. Although the causes of migraine are not fully known, there are suspicions that various conditions trigger migraines. For example, hormone levels seem to play a role in migraine development.

Other possible causes of migraine include:

  • Stress
  • some scents
  • flashing lights
  • Various allergens

Migraine can be treated with a variety of medications and devices, such as:

  • Various medications your doctor will prescribe
  • Various injections prescribed by your doctor
  • Devices that stimulate the nervous system

3. Cluster headaches

Cluster headaches are a type of headache that can cause pain behind the eyes. Cluster headaches can come on suddenly and recur at regular intervals throughout the day. The exact cause of this type of headache is not known. however, hormones seem to play a role. Because just as hormones fluctuate in seasonal transitions, cluster headaches are reported to be seen at such times.

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Treatment for cluster headaches includes:

  • Prescription pain medication for severe headaches
  • Medicines other than pain relievers, depending on your doctor’s diagnosis
  • Various medical procedures such as nerve blocks


Inflammation of the sinuses (sinusitis), migraines, and cluster headaches are all potential behind-the-eye causes that are not actually related to the eye’s function, but are nonetheless potential. Treating the underlying cause can help relieve eye pain.

Pain behind the eye: Check with the doctor

It is recommended to see a doctor in the following situations:

  • If the eye pain is severe and/or does not go away
  • if you have a headache or fever
  • If you have extreme light sensitivity
  • You see halos around the light
  • If your vision suddenly changes
  • If you have swelling in and around your eyes
  • If it is difficult to move your eyes or keep them open
  • If you have blood or pus coming from your eyes

As a result

Pain behind the eyes can be caused by a variety of reasons. This type of pain affecting the eye may be due to vision problems, dry eye or inflammation of the eye structures. You may also feel pain behind the eye for reasons unrelated to the eyes themselves. Sinusitis, migraine, and cluster headaches can all cause pain in the eye area.

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