What causes foot pain? Is it normal for it to happen when you get up in the morning? Is it a serious situation? What should we do to pass? When should we see a doctor? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

Is foot pain serious?

Footpad pain can be caused by a variety of causes, and in fact the most common cause is plantar fasciitis, a fast-healing lesion. Plantar fasciitis can be caused by constantly wearing high heels for long hours or standing for long periods in unhealthy shoes.

Another common cause of foot pain is stretching of the tendons and ligaments in this area during running. In this condition, it is common to feel pain in the soles of the feet when running, getting up in the morning , or walking.

Also , standing for hours , wearing sandals or flip-flops can also cause sole pain, in which case taking a foot bath is a great way to relieve this discomfort.

What causes foot pain?

Foot pain can be caused by a variety of causes, such as:

1- Heel spur

Heel spur is an inflammation that occurs as a result of tearing or breaking in the fibers called fascia, which connects the short muscles on the sole of our feet to the heel bone.

A heel spur is a pain in the sole of the foot that usually starts as soon as you get out of bed or sit up in the morning . Heel spurs can cause annoying problems such as the affected person’s inability to stand on their feet .

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Heel spurs can be caused by unhealthy types of shoes, standing for a long time, and being overweight. The cause of heel spur pain is often closely related to the load on the foot.

What to do?

To alleviate heel spurs, the use of silicone orthopedic insoles, stretching exercises and foot massage can be done. An orthopedist or physiotherapist can determine a treatment that is exactly right for you. In addition, in rare cases, surgery may be required.

2- Fascia inflammation

Fascia is the inflammatory tissue that surrounds the tendons on the sole of the foot, also called plantar fasciitis. Inflammation of the fascia can occur as a result of long walks, wearing very tight shoes, wearing high heels frequently, or being overweight.

Inflammation of the fascia can be felt with some symptoms that may occur, such as foot pain, pain in the soles of the feet, burning sensation in the feet and discomfort when walking . If symptoms do not go away, it is important to see an orthopedist or physical therapist for a definitive diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

What to do?

Treatment of fascial inflammation is slow and aims to relieve symptoms and improve a person’s quality of life. As a way to complement treatment, the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications and physical therapy sessions may be necessary to promote faster healing.

3- Foot sprain

A sprain of the foot is one of the most common injuries in running and racing athletes. A sprain in the ankle causes the ligaments in the area to overstretch, which can result in the ligaments tearing and cause symptoms such as sole of the foot, ankle pain , swelling, and difficulty walking.

What to do?

A cold compress can be applied to the area for about 20 minutes to relieve pain and swelling caused by ankle sprain . However, if symptoms persist, it may be necessary to immobilize the foot and it is important to go to the hospital .

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4- Excessive physical activity

Excessive physical activity can be a cause of sole pain, as exercise can cause inflammation of the tissues and tendons in the area, causing pain and discomfort.

What to do?

The best thing to do in this situation is to rest with your feet elevated and take a foot bath using lukewarm or cold water. A foot massage will also help relieve the pain.

5- Flat feet

Flatfoot is a condition in which the soles of your feet touch the ground when you stand up, when the arches on the inside of your feet flatten . Normally, the sole of the foot is curved, but in the case of flat feet, this arch disappears.

Flat feet, a common and usually painless condition, can occur during childhood when arches do not develop. In other cases, flat feet can also occur as a result of an injury or from wear and tear .

What to do?

In this case, the first thing to do is to seek guidance from an orthopedist and a physiotherapist so that you can be evaluated for diagnosis and determine the best treatment . A physical therapist or orthopedist will determine the most appropriate treatment for you.

6- Do not take a wrong step

Depending on how the person steps on the ground, some part of the foot may be overloaded. Heel pain, pain in the sole of the foot, pain in the toes may occur as a result of overload .

What to do?

Various exercises can be done to relieve pain and this is an effective method. Along with exercises, global postural retraining will also work, which helps improve posture and position.

7- One leg is short

One leg is considered shorter than the other when one leg is 1 centimeter or larger than the other, and the greater the difference, the greater the discomfort the person feels. When the leg bones are short or uneven, this leads to some symptoms such as foot and sole pain, leg pain, back pain, knee problems and difficulty walking.

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What to do?

It is important for the person to seek guidance from an orthopedist and physiotherapist to avoid complications. The use of special insoles to equalize the length of the legs , in some cases physiotherapy sessions and surgery may be.

How is foot pain treated?

A good example of home treatment for soles pain is to remove the shoe and do a simple stretch, bringing the hand towards your stomach, positioning it to grasp the toes. To achieve the expected effect, the fingers should be kept in this position for about 1 minute and this movement should be repeated at least 3 times.

Massaging the feet is also a quick and easy way to get relief from foot pain. To do this, apply some moisturizing cream to the feet and apply a little pressure all over the foot with the softest part of the hand and thumb, applying more on the most painful areas.

How to prevent foot pain?

It is ideal to continue the treatment recommended by the doctor or applied by you on a regular basis to prevent uncomfortable pain on the sole of the foot . It is also very important to wear good quality shoes that are really comfortable. Ideal shoes should be light, fit well, have rubber soles and small heels.

For those who suffer from pain in the soles of their feet during running, in addition to running shoes, it is also important to run, for example, on a treadmill, on sand or on good asphalt.

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