What is testicular pain? Why does it happen? Is it a serious situation? Do you need to see a doctor? What should we do to pass? How is it avoided? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.
What is testicular pain?
The testicles are egg-shaped reproductive organs located in the scrotum. Testicular pain can result from minor injuries to the area. However, if you are experiencing testicular pain, you need to evaluate your symptoms.
Pain in and around the testicle can be the result of serious conditions such as testicular torsion or a sexually transmitted infection. Ignoring the pain can cause irreversible damage to the testicles and scrotum.
Often, problems with the testicles cause abdominal or groin pain before pain develops in the testicle . Unexplained abdominal or groin pain should be evaluated by your doctor.
What causes testicular pain?
Trauma or injury to the testicles can cause testicular pain. Right testicular injury causes right testicular pain , left testicular injury causes left testicular pain . However, testicular pain is often the result of medical problems that require treatment. These medical conditions may include:
- Damage to the scrotal nerves caused by diabetic neuropathy
- Epididymitis or inflammation of the testicles caused by chlamydia
- untreated testicular torsion
- Hydrocele characterized by swelling of the scrotum
- inguinal hernia
- kidney stones
- Orchitis or testicular inflammation
- Fluid buildup in the testis
- undescended testis
- One or a group of enlarged veins in the testis
In some cases, testicular pain can be caused by a serious medical condition known as testicular torsion. In this case, the testis is bent and the blood flow to the testis is cut off. This can damage tissue.
Testicular torsion is a medical emergency that must be treated quickly to prevent damage to the testicles. The condition is more common in boys between the ages of 10 and 20.
Testicular pain is rarely caused by testicular cancer. Testicular cancer typically causes a usually painless lump in the testicles. This lump may be on the right or left testis. Your doctor should evaluate any lump that forms on your testicles.
When to see a doctor for testicular pain?
It is important to see your doctor if:
- If there is a lump in and around the testicle
- if you have a fever
- If the testicle or its surroundings are red and tender to the touch
- if you have recently had contact with someone who has had mumps
You should seek emergency medical help if:
- If the pain is sudden or severe
- If the pain is accompanied by nausea and vomiting
- If you have pain after a serious injury
- If there is swelling in and around the testis
How is testicular pain treated?
Pain that does not require medical care can be treated at home with the following measures:
- You can use a brace to support the testicular area.
- You can use ice to reduce swelling in the testicle area.
- You can take a warm bath to relieve pain.
- You can support your testicles by placing a rolled towel under your test.
- You can use over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to reduce pain.
If you experience more severe pain in the testis, you will need to seek treatment from your doctor. Regardless of whether you experience right testicular pain or left testicular pain, your doctor will complete a physical examination of the abdomen, groin, testicles and surrounding area to determine what is causing your pain, as well as ask you questions about your current health and other symptoms.
To accurately diagnose your condition, your doctor may need to order additional tests, including:
- He or she may request an ultrasound imaging.
- He or she may request a urine test.
- Urine cultures may be requested.
- It can examine prostate secretions.
Once your doctor diagnoses the cause of your pain, they can provide appropriate treatment. Medical treatments may include:
- antibiotics to treat the infection
- Surgery to untie the testicles if you have testicular torsion
- A surgical evaluation for potential correction of an undescended testis.
- pain relievers
- Surgery to reduce fluid buildup in the testicles
Can testicular pain be prevented?
Not all cases of testicular pain can be prevented, but there are some steps you can take to reduce the underlying causes of this pain. These steps include:
- Wearing a brace to prevent injury to the testicles
- Experiencing safe sex, including using condoms during intercourse
- Examining your testicles once a month to note changes or lumps
- Emptying your bladder completely while urinating to help prevent urinary tract infections
If you follow these steps and still experience testicular pain, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Complications associated with testicular pain
Whether you are experiencing right testicular pain or left testicular pain; your doctor can successfully treat most cases of testicular pain. An untreated infection like chlamydia or a serious condition like testicular torsion can cause permanent damage to your testicles and scrotum.
Damage can affect fertility and reproduction. Testicular torsion that results in gangrene can cause a life-threatening infection that can spread throughout your body.
As a result
If a man experiences swelling or pain in one or both testicles, it is best to see a doctor. If the pain causes nausea and vomiting, they should seek immediate medical attention.
In cases of testicular torsion, the sooner a person seeks help, the more chance they have to restore blood flow.
Medical treatments are available for most causes of testicular pain.