What are under eye bruises? Why does it happen? Is it a serious situation? How does it go? What is good for under-eye dark circles? When should you see a doctor? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.
About dark circles
Do dark circles under the eyes indicate a serious health problem? Probably not, but many people find that dark circles under their eyes make them look tired, old or unhealthy.
There are a number of methods, both natural and medical, that people use to get rid of dark circles or reduce their appearance. While not all of these treatments are permanent, they will help reduce the appearance of dark circles with care and consistency.
What causes dark circles under the eyes?
The area under the eyes may appear darker due to narrowed blood vessels causing hyperpigmentation or thinning of the skin around the eyes.
All possible causes of dark circles under the eyes include:
- Lack of sleep or sleep disorders
- Types of allergies, including hay fever
- Hyperpigmentation, which occurs when the body produces more melanin
- Decreased levels of adipose tissue around the eyes
- thinning of the skin under the eyes
- Anemia caused by iron deficiency
- Frequent overexposure to sunlight
- frequent rubbing of the eyes
- Using tobacco and tobacco products
- Genetic predisposition
- Thyroid diseases
- atopic dermatitis (eczema)
- eye drop treatment for glaucoma
Risk factors for dark circles under the eyes
- Advanced age : Loss of adipose tissue and thinning of the skin around the eyes are part of the aging process. These changes can make dark circles appear more prominent in older adults.
- Skin colour: Dark circles are more common in people with darker skin tones and affect people of color more than white people. This risk factor is thought to result from changes in pigmentation. ( Source )
- Genetic factors: Dark circles under the eyes may be inherited. Studies have found that if someone has dark circles under their eyes, they appear in some other family members as well. ( Source )
How do under-eye bruises go away?
Medical treatment options for dark circles include the following:
- topical creams
The first answer to the question of how to get rid of bruises in the eyes is whitening creams. Whitening creams can help reduce hyperpigmentation. These include hydroquinone, tretinoin, and a combination of the two. People may need to use hydroquinone for at least 3 months to see an effect.
- kojic acid
Anecdotal reports state that kojic acid is effective in treating dark circles under the eyes. Kojic acid is a natural product that comes from two species of mushrooms. However, it is important to know that among the side effects of kojic acid are contact dermatitis and skin redness.
- Topical C vitamins
Another answer to the question of how to get rid of bruises under the eyes is vitamin C. One study looked at the effects of 10% vitamin C lotion in the treatment of dark circles under the eyes for 6 months . It has been stated that the lotion is effective in removing bruises under the eyes. ( Source )
- chemical peeling
Chemical peels using alpha hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid can help lighten hyperpigmentation under the eyes. Also, chemical peels can be used with topical creams for better effect.
Laser therapy for dark circles can work effectively. Less invasive laser procedures such as pulsed dye or diode lasers can reduce the risk of scarring or other potential side effects.
If you are wondering how the under-eye bruises go away, you should also consider the fillers. If thinning of the skin or loss of adipose tissue causes dark circles under the eyes, fillers may be a potential option. Doctors may offer the option of injecting platelet-rich plasma or hyaluronic acid gel into the under eye area.
A type of surgery called blepharoplasty can work to get rid of dark circles caused by fatty deposits or extra skin around the eyes.
The under eye area is extremely sensitive and people affected by dark circles should always consider possible side effects. They should also ensure that only a specialist dermatologist performs any medical procedure for this area.
Also, if taking certain medications such as bimatoprost for glaucoma, dark circles will disappear after you stop using the medication.
Remember, your doctor will decide which procedure is right for you.
What is good for under-eye dark circles?
You can try the methods below to see which one works best for you. Remember to be patient and consistent when trying a new routine. Follow the same routine every day for 4-6 weeks. If you still do not see the results you want after this time, move on to the next application and see if it works well for dark circles.
Here are the things that are good for under-eye bruises:
1- Cold compress
Our first answer to the question of what is good for dark circles under the eyes is cold compress. Apply a cold compress to your under eye for about 10 minutes in the morning and evening. Applying cold compresses under the eyes is an easy way to deal with dark circles under the eyes. Whatever you are applying the cold compress with, you should make sure that it is clean. Because the eye area is one of the most sensitive parts of our body.
We’ve all seen cucumber applied to the eyes on TV and in the movies, but does it really work? In fact, cucumber has skin lightening and slightly astringent properties, so you can use cucumber slices to naturally lighten dark circles under the eyes.
To try this method twice a day, chop a fresh cucumber into thick slices and then refrigerate for 30 minutes. Then leave the slices on your eyes for 10 minutes. After use, wash your eye area with lukewarm (but not hot) water.
3- Cucumber and lemon juice
Cucumber and lemon juice are among the things that are good for dark circles . If cucumber slices don’t work for you, try mixing equal parts cucumber and lemon juice, and then use cotton to apply it to your under-eye circles. Leave this solution on your skin for 15 minutes, then rinse with warm water. Be careful not to get lemon juice in your eyes.
4. Rose water
Rose water not only smells great but also soothes and rejuvenates tired skin. Like cucumber, it is a mild astringent, so it can be used as a skin toner. Soak cotton make-up removal pads in rose water for a few minutes and then let the soaked make-up pads sit on your closed eyelids. You can leave the pads on your eyes for about 15 minutes twice a day.
Tomatoes are high in lycopene, which is an excellent ingredient for your cardiovascular health, vision and skin. Lycopene can help reduce the appearance of dark circles as well as create softer, more supple skin.
To reap the medicinal benefits of lycopene found in tomatoes, mix equal parts of tomato juice with lemon juice and then apply it to your under eye area using a cotton ball or make-up remover pad. Let the solution sit for 10 minutes and then rinse with warm water. Take care that the lemon juice does not come into contact with your eyes.
6- Cold tea bags
One of the answers to the question of what is good for dark circles under the eyes is cold tea bags. Many teas, such as green tea, have anti-inflammatory properties that help soothe tight capillaries in your under-eye area and have the added benefit of antioxidants.
To use cold tea bags as a compress, soak a tea bag in clean water and then place it in the refrigerator for 30 minutes. Then place the tea bags over your eyes. Let it sit for 10 minutes and then rinse the area with warm water.
Potatoes are a source of vitamin C and are great for collagen synthesis to support, among other things, healthier and younger-looking skin.
Grate some potatoes to treat dark circles and harness the power of vitamin C. Extract the juice from the potato and soak the cotton make-up remover pads in the water. Put the pads on your eyes for about 10 minutes and then rinse with warm water.
Related article: What are the benefits of potato juice?
8- Cold milk
There is also cold milk among the things that are good for dark circles under the eyes . Milk and dairy products are a great source of vitamin A, which contains retinoids to keep skin looking radiant and youthful.
To reap the benefits of milk’s vitamin A, soak a cotton pad in a bowl of cold milk for a while. Use the pad to apply the milk to your under-eye bags and leave it on for about 10 minutes, twice a day. Then rinse with warm water.
9- Orange juice
Since orange juice is high in both vitamin A and C, it can help remove dark circles under the eyes. Add a few drops of glycerine to orange juice and then wet a cotton make-up remover pad to apply under your eyes. In this way, you will benefit from the vitamins of the orange as well as the benefits of natural radiant glycerine to your skin.
10- Vitamin E oil
Vitamin E helps fight the effects of free radicals that cause signs of aging such as wrinkles. Before going to bed at night, apply a drop of oil to your dark under-eye circles and massage gently into the skin. Leave this on your skin overnight and rinse with warm water in the morning.
11- Coconut oil
A powerful, natural and gentle anti-inflammatory, coconut oil is an effective way to lighten dark circles under the eyes.
It also moisturizes to help prevent wrinkles and fine lines under the eyes. You can use coconut oil in the same way as vitamin E oil. Apply it to your under-eye area, leave it overnight, and rinse it off in the morning.
Related article: What are the skin benefits of coconut oil?
Turmeric, another powerful, natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, minimizes dark circles under the eyes. Mix some turmeric powder with pineapple juice to form a thick paste. Apply this mixture under your eyes with a soft, warm and damp cloth and leave it for about 10 minutes. You can apply this routine once a day.
13- Dark chocolate
Here is your excuse to pamper yourself! Foods rich in flavonols, such as dark chocolate, protect against the harmful effects of UV radiation, thereby slowing the aging process caused by spending too much time in the sun. You can consume dark chocolate in moderation for dark circles under the eyes.
One of the answers to the question of what is good for dark circles under the eyes is salmon fish. Omega 3s are found in foods like salmon and walnuts. These fatty acids improve blood flow to the skin, draw blood away from your eyes instead of allowing blood to pool there, and are good for dark circles.
15. Salt consumption and water
The parts of your body that are low in sodium (salt) contain more water, while the parts of your body that contain more sodium contain less water. If your body does not have enough water and too much salt, it can cause problems such as dark circles under the eyes.
The skin around the eyes is particularly thin and susceptible to dehydration. When you eat a salty meal but don’t drink enough water, your body will literally be dehydrated, which will cause dark circles under the eyes. Therefore, if you plan to enjoy a salty meal, you should also drink plenty of water.
16- Alcohol consumption
Salt is bad, but nothing dries you out like alcohol. If you drink too much alcohol in the evening, you’ve probably seen the state of your eyes when you wake up. If possible, drink a maximum of two glasses, drink plenty of water before going to bed, and apply moisturizer around your eyes before going to sleep.
17. Eye massage
Regular eye massage promotes blood flow to the under eye area and helps prevent blood from pooling in the capillaries under the eyes. Various creams are available for under eye massage. You can consult your doctor or pharmacist to decide which cream is better for you.
18- Getting enough sleep
One of the most common causes of dark circles under the eyes is insufficient sleep. You can help your under-eye bags by making sure you get enough and quality sleep every day. Yes, among the things that are good for dark circles , getting enough and regular sleep is an important ingredient.
19. Sleeping on your back
Sleeping on your side or face down causes the fluid in your body to accumulate around your eyes due to gravity. Therefore, you can try sleeping on your back with an extra pillow under your head.
Regular exercise transforms aging, dull skin into brighter, younger-looking skin by increasing blood circulation and increasing blood flow to the skin. What’s more, it triggers the daily release of endorphins into your bloodstream, eliminating depression and anxiety. This makes you happier and calmer.
21- Allergy Medicines
If dark circles are partly due to allergies, taking antihistamines regularly can help reduce bags and puffiness. What’s more, allergies can also cause the eyes to itch, which causes bags under the eyes to get worse.
One of the things that should be basic habits is to moisturize our body. You can apply moisturizer to your body and around your eyes twice a day. This will help your under-eye circles as well as keep your skin healthy.
As a result
For most people, dark circles under the eyes are temporary and are often a sign of aging or lack of sleep. While there are a number of home and medical treatments available to improve the appearance of your eyes, dark circles are usually not a cause for alarm.
However, if the discoloration or swelling worsens over time, it’s a good idea to see your doctor or a dermatologist so that the problem can be properly diagnosed and treated.