Chlamydia is a curable disease that is transmitted from person to person through sexual contact. When one of the spouses has this disease, both should be treated as a precaution. You can find more information below.

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia , also known as Chlamydia trachomatis , is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria You may not know you have chlamydia because many people never develop signs or symptoms such as genital pain and discharge from the vagina or penis.

This disease affects both men and women and occurs in all age groups, but is more common among younger women. Once you know you have chlamydia, it is perfectly possible to get treatment. However, if left untreated, it can lead to more serious health problems.

What causes chlamydia?

This disease is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is most commonly spread through vaginal, oral and anal intercourse. It is also possible for a mother to spread chlamydia to her child during childbirth, causing pneumonia or a serious eye infection in the newborn baby .

Who is at risk?

Factors that increase your risk of chlamydia include:

  • Being sexually active before age 25
  • Being in a relationship with more than one person in the past
  • Not using condoms all the time
  • Having a previous sexually transmitted infection
Read More  What is HIV (AIDS)? How is it found?

What are the symptoms of chlamydia?

How is chlamydia diagnosed?

Early-stage infections often show few or no symptoms. When signs or symptoms appear, it usually begins one to two weeks after chlamydia exposure. Even if symptoms do occur, they are usually mild, temporary, making them easy to ignore.

Symptoms in women

About half of the sick women do not have any symptoms. When symptoms begin to manifest, they may include:

  • Non-smelly white, yellow, or green discharge from the genitals
  • non-menstrual bleeding
  • Itching or burning in or around the genitals
  • Stomach ache
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • painful menstrual periods
  • Pain, bleeding, and discharge from the rectum

Symptoms in men

Unlike women, men often show symptoms clearly. Symptoms include:

  • Yellowish or white discharge from the genitals
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Pain and swelling around the testicles

This disease can also infect the rectum. While these infections usually cause no signs or symptoms, you may experience rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding when they infect the rectum. It is also possible for you to get chlamydial eye infections ( conjunctivitis ) through contact with infected people.

When should you see a doctor?

If you have discharge from your vagina, penis or rectum and pain when urinating, you should consult your doctor. Also, consult your doctor if your sexual partner discloses that they have chlamydia. Even if you don’t have symptoms, your doctor will likely prescribe an antibiotic.

How is chlamydia diagnosed?

If you think you have chlamydia or any sexually transmitted disease ( such as gonorrhea ), it is a good idea to consult your doctor. He will do some examinations and, if necessary, tests to find out if you have such a disease.

Read More  What is West Nile Virus?

To check for the disease, women are given a pelvic exam. A sample of fluid is taken from the genitals. A fluid sample can be taken in the same way for men. The liquid is sent to a lab for testing. It can also be diagnosed from a urine test. Your doctor will make the best treatment decision for you after the examination and test results.

If you have this disease and are at risk due to the possibility of other health problems, you should ask your doctor how often you should be screened for chlamydia.

Doctors recommend regular screenings to test for chlamydia in the following people:

  • Sexually active women aged 25 years and younger: The rate of chlamydia infection is highest in this group, so annual screening testing is recommended. Take a test when you have a new sex partner, even if you were tested last year.
  • Pregnant women: You should be tested for chlamydia at your first prenatal visit. If you have a high risk of infection (from altered sexual partners or possible infections from your normal partner), it’s a good idea to retest later in your pregnancy.
  • Women and men: If you have multiple sex partners, don’t always use a condom during intercourse, or are a man who has sex with men, you should consider frequent chlamydia screening.

How is chlamydia treated?

Lucky for you, this disease is treatable and curable. However, some sexually transmitted bacterial infections have begun to become resistant to antibiotics, making them difficult to treat. Therefore, prevention of infection at an early stage is even more important.

Chlamydia is treated with oral antibiotics . Since both you and your partner are infected, it is the right thing to both get treatment. With treatment, the infection should clear up in about 7 days. Even if the symptoms disappear, you should continue to take your medicine.

Read More  What Is Genital Herpes?

Also, you should never take someone else’s medicine to treat your illness. By doing this, you can make the infection harder to treat.

What happens if chlamydia is not treated?

If a person is not treated for chlamydia, complications can occur. Women often develop pelvic inflammatory disease. This disease can cause infertility (inability to get pregnant), chronic pelvic pain, tubal pregnancies, and long-term spread of the disease.

Does chlamydia go away on its own?

Your body is very unlikely to get rid of chlamydia on its own. Waiting to get rid of chlamydia on your own can be dangerous. It is very rare for your immune system to fight chlamydia on its own and treat you on its own. If detected early enough, chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics.

Can chlamydia be prevented?

The surest way to prevent this infection is to avoid sexual activities. In short, you can:

  • Use a condom: Use a male latex condom or a female polyurethane condom during each sexual contact. Appropriate use of condoms at every sexual encounter reduces but does not eliminate the risk of infection.
  • Limit your number of sex partners: Having more than one partner increases the risk of contracting chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections.
  • Get regular testing: If you’re sexually active, talk to your doctor about how often you should be screened for chlamydia and other STDs, especially if you have multiple partners.
  • Do not have intercourse in the shower: This is not recommended because it reduces the number of good bacteria in the vagina, which can increase the risk of infection.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.