What is insomnia?

Insomnia , also known as insomnia , is a sleep disorder that regularly affects millions of people around the world. Someone with insomnia has trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, adults should sleep at least 7 to 9 hours in every 24-hour period, depending on their age.

Although there is no scientific research on this subject in our country, a study conducted in the United States shows that approximately 25% of people experience insomnia every year, but approximately 75% of these people do not develop a long-term problem.

Short-term insomnia can lead to daytime fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and other problems. In the long term, the incidence of various diseases increases.

What does it mean to have insomnia?

A person suffering from insomnia has difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. May wake up early all the time.

Consistently waking up early can lead to problems such as:

  • Daytime sleepiness and drowsiness
  • A general feeling of discomfort, mentally and physically
  • mood changes, irritability, and anxiety

Also, the above problems can also contribute to insomnia. In addition, insomnia may play a role in the development of chronic diseases such as:

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • cardiovascular disease
  • Depression

It can also impair school and work performance and limit a person’s ability to do daily activities.

What are the types of insomnia disease?

Insomnia can be classified by duration:

  • Acute insomnia is a short-term and temporary problem.
  • Chronic insomnia can last for months or years.

Doctors also classify it by cause:

  • Primary insomnia is a problem in and of itself.
  • Secondary insomnia is the result of another health problem.

In addition, it is also classified according to its severity:

  • Mild insomnia includes lack of sleep that causes fatigue.
  • Moderate insomnia can affect daily functioning.
  • Severe insomnia has a significant impact on daily life.
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Doctors also consider the following other factors when determining the type of insomnia, including whether the person is constantly waking up too early or having problems:

  • difficulty falling asleep
  • difficulty staying asleep
  • Need for sleep during the day

What causes insomnia?

Insomnia can be caused by a number of physical and psychological factors. Often the cause is a temporary problem such as short-term stress. In some other cases, insomnia is caused by an underlying medical condition.

Common causes include:

  • Doing work that affects the biological clock (such as working at night)
  • The room is too hot, too cold, noisy, or otherwise disturbing
  • People in need of care who constantly wake up at night
  • Not making enough physical exertion
  • Experiencing night terrors or having bad dreams
  • Using illegal substances for recreational purposes

In some people, insomnia may be caused by stress or a mental health problem such as:

  • Depression
  • anxiety disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizophrenia

Some other health conditions that may limit sleep include:

  • restless legs syndrome
  • Thyroid diseases
  • Sleep apnea
  • gastrointestinal reflux disease
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease known as COPD
  • chronic pain

Often times, another health issue or other organic cause causes difficulty sleeping. For example, hormonal changes during menopause can cause night sweats, which can interrupt sleep.

Changes in the brain of people with Alzheimer’s disease also disrupt or alter their sleep patterns. Some people also have a rare genetic disorder called familial insomnia, which can be life-threatening and fatal .

Using a screen device in the bedroom

Research shows that using a screen device before bed can cause sleep loss in teens. These devices can also interfere with adult sleep patterns. For example, recreational use after the lights go out seems to increase the risk of insomnia.


According to the American Association of Retired Persons, the following medications can cause insomnia:

  • corticosteroids
  • Statinler
  • alpha blockers
  • Aeta blockers
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (antidepressants)
  • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors)
  • Angiotensin 2 receptor blockers (ARB group drugs)
  • Cholinesterase inhibitors
  • Non-sedating H1 agonists
  • Combination of glucosamine and chondroitin

Who is at risk?

Insomnia can occur at any age, but certain factors increase the risk, such as:

  • Traveling during bedtime
  • Work shifts
  • to be old
  • Using caffeine, drugs, drugs, or alcohol
  • Having a similar problem in other family members
  • Life events that affect people deeply
  • Being pregnant
  • entering menopause
  • Having certain physical or mental health conditions
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What are the symptoms of insomnia?

Apart from disturbed sleep, insomnia can also cause other problems such as:

  • Daytime fatigue or sleepiness
  • irritability, depression, or anxiety
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • low motivation or energy
  • poor concentration and focus
  • Lack of coordination leading to mistakes or accidents
  • Anxiety about sleeping
  • Using drugs or alcohol to fall asleep
  • Tension-type headaches
  • Difficulty socializing, working or studying

According to experts, lack of sleep is also a key factor in motor vehicle accidents.

Which doctor should I go to for insomnia?

The first doctor you should visit for your insomnia is a mental health professional (psychiatrist). In some cases, they may refer you to a psychologist. A psychologist or psychiatrist may recommend counseling or behavioral therapy to help treat your insomnia.

How is insomnia diagnosed?

A sleep specialist may do the following to help diagnose and treat sleep problems:

  • He or she may ask about the person’s medical history, sleep patterns, and substance and alcohol use.
  • Can do a physical examination.
  • He or she may do some tests for underlying conditions.
  • He or she may order a nighttime sleep test to record sleep patterns.
  • He or she may recommend wearing a device that monitors movement and sleep-wake patterns.

According to the fifth edition (DSM-5) of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a doctor may diagnose insomnia based on:

  • If the person has trouble falling asleep or staying asleep
  • If this happens at least three nights a week for 3 months despite adequate sleep opportunities
  • If it has a negative impact on daily life
  • If no other circumstance can explain it

Recording sleep patterns in a diary and showing the results to the doctor can also aid in diagnosis.

How is insomnia treated?

The best approach will depend on the underlying cause and the type of insomnia. But some options include:

  • psychological counseling
  • cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Prescription drugs prescribed by the doctor
  • Other medications recommended by the doctor
  • Doctor’s recommended melatonin tablets
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However, there is not enough strong evidence to prove that melatonin tablets help with sleep.

What is good for insomnia?

A number of tips can help manage insomnia. Hints include the following changes:

sleep habits

Practicing the following whenever possible can help with insomnia:

  • Arrange your boarding and departure times. Whenever possible, go to sleep and wake up at the same time.
  • Avoid using any device with a screen just before going to bed.
  • Start relaxing an hour before bedtime, for example by taking a bath.
  • Keep phones and other devices out of the bedroom.
  • Before going to bed, ensure that the room is at an ideal temperature.
  • Use blackout blinds or curtains to darken the room.

Nutrition habits

  • Avoid going to bed hungry. Eat a healthy snack a few hours before bed if needed.
  • Avoid heavy meals 2-3 hours before bedtime.
  • Limit caffeine and alcohol intake, especially at night.
  • Eat healthy to improve overall well-being.

Troubleshoot other health issues

Anyone with acid reflux or cough can benefit from raising their upper body with one or more extra pillows. You can ask a doctor about ways to manage cough, pain, and other symptoms that affect sleep.


You can do the following to relax and prepare yourself for sleep:

  • Exercise regularly on a daily basis.
  • Do breathing and relaxation exercises, especially before going to sleep.
  • Find something to help you sleep, like relaxing music or reading.
  • Even if you feel sleepy during the day, try not to take a nap.
  • Seek medical attention for any mental health issue, such as anxiety.

As a result

Insomnia is a common problem. It can be caused by a number of issues that may include physical or mental health. In some cases, these are environmental or related to lifestyle factors such as shift work, caffeine and alcohol use. Insomnia can lead to problems ranging from mild fatigue to chronic illness. Anyone who has ongoing trouble sleeping and feels it is affecting their daily life should see a doctor who can help identify the cause and suggest a solution.

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