What is Neurology? Which Diseases Does It Treat?

Below, you will learn what neurology is and what kind of diseases it treats so that there are no questions left in your mind.

What is neurology?

neurology ; The branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the nervous system, including the brain, blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. Neurologists treat any disease of the body systems that affects neurological function. For example, high blood pressure is a cardiac problem, but if it is caused by a stroke (sudden loss of blood flow to the brain), the problem is also neurological.

Neurologists also treat infectious diseases such as meningitis, which can cause brain damage and lead to complications such as epilepsy. They also treat peripheral nerve diseases that can result in weakness or sensory impairment.

In many cases, diagnosis of new patients with neurological problems is made solely by clinical evaluation (taking a comprehensive history of symptoms and physical examination), while in others, blood tests, scans (CT or MRI), and electrical tests that measure peripheral nerve and muscle function are made.

Patients are followed to clarify the diagnosis or alternatively to manage longer-term problems. Examples of conditions that require long-term follow-up are epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease .

With advanced imaging and other tests, including genetic testing , the diagnostic process is becoming more complex than ever before. Available treatments are expanding, with improvements in available science.

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What diseases does neurology treat?

1- Headaches

Headaches are something we all experience. We may feel our headache extending into our sinuses, from the top of our head down the neck and shoulder muscles, or along the base of the skull and brain. This can be caused by many conditions, from a sinus infection to a visit to the dentist to a throbbing toothache. Symptoms of more serious headaches, including migraines, are vomiting, a more severe or persistent headache, a sudden headache or pain that gets worse with straining, an early morning headache, vision changes, or even seizures. If your headache symptoms are severe enough, your primary care doctor may refer you to a neurologist.

2- Chronic pain

Chronic pain is pain that lasts for months or even years. This pain may be the result of illness or injury, but when it lasts longer than the usual recovery time, it may be a sign of a different problem. When this pain is not something your primary care physician can help you manage, you may need to see a neurologist, especially if you have other symptoms along with the pain, such as weakness, numbness, and problems with bladder or bowel control.

3- Dizziness

Dizziness can happen for different reasons. For example, vertigo makes you feel like things are spinning around you; You have difficulty keeping your balance. Your primary care doctor can help you decide if your dizziness is severe enough to see a neurologist.

4- Numbness or tingling

Numbness or tingling can happen for many reasons, some of which cut off your blood circulation or make it difficult for you to move. However, if this numbness persists, comes on suddenly, or occurs only on one side of the body, it may be time to see a neurologist. Sometimes numbness and tingling can be signs of paralysis, in which case you need to get help very quickly. Your primary care doctor can help you evaluate these symptoms and will refer you to a relevant doctor if necessary.

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5- Feeling of weakness

The feeling of weakness that you should see a doctor for is different from tiredness and muscle aches after a long walk or lifting too much weight. If you experience muscle weakness that affects your daily activities or a rapid decline in muscle strength, especially in your arms and legs, you should consult your doctor. It can be caused by a more serious condition or disease of your nervous system, such as a stroke.

6- Movement problems

Neurology also looks at movement problems . Difficulty walking, tremors, or other movement problems may be signs of a problem with your nervous system. If these movement problems interfere with your daily life, you may want to see a neurologist. Sometimes something like tremors can also be a side effect of medication or anxiety. However, if your tremors are affecting your daily activities, you should see a neurologist.

7. Seizures

The seizures may be almost unnoticeable or they may be very extreme. Seizure symptoms can range from unconsciousness, jerking movements of the arms and legs, breathing problems, confusion, or loss of consciousness. While some seizures can be caused by low blood sugar or withdrawal from addictive substances, you should consult your doctor for seizures that are sudden or have no obvious cause. Your primary care doctor can help you determine how serious your seizure is and whether you should see a neurologist.

8- Vision problems

Difficulty in vision may be due to aging or the nervous system. If the difficulty occurs suddenly and in both eyes, you may want to evaluate your vision. An ophthalmologist or primary care doctor can advise you on whether or not to see a neurologist about your vision problem.

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9- Memory problems or confusion

Speech problems, extreme problems with memory, personality changes or confusion are symptoms that can result from disorders or problems in the brain, spine, and nerves. Some of the symptoms may be due to a learning disability or a disease such as Alzheimer’s. Your primary care doctor can help you review your symptoms and decide whether you should see a neurologist.

10- Sleep problems

We know the obvious causes of sleep problems. These causes are sometimes things like sleep apnea , anxiety, nightmares, and the like, while some sleep problems are neurological disorders. An example of this is narcolepsy, a chronic, genetic disease with no known cause that affects the body’s central nervous system.

Many of these symptoms may be part of a non-neurological disease. Your primary family doctor is your biggest resource in helping you decide whether you should see a neurologist. However, if your symptoms are severe enough or you are still unsure of your primary care doctor’s recommendations, you may need to make an appointment with a neurologist.

In summary

neurology department and neurologists or neurologists; It looks at diseases such as headaches, chronic pain, dizziness, numbness, feeling weak, movement problems, seizures, vision problems, confusion and sleep problems.

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