What is PRP Treatment? How is PRP Applied?


  • What is PRP?
  • How is PRP Obtained?
  • In Which Situations Is PRP Applied?
  • How is PRP Applied?
  • What Should Be Considered After PRP?

What is PRP?

PRP is an abbreviation consisting of the initials of the English words “ platelet-rich plasma ”. It stands for platelet-rich plasma. PRP therapy can be used in various fields. Platelets are cell particles in the blood, also known as platelets, that essentially enable the blood to form clots. Besides their clot-forming function, they also contain many growth factors.

In any injury where the vessels are damaged, clot formation is required to stop the bleeding. After the bleeding stops, the damaged tissues are repaired and the healing period comes. Here, platelets take part in the tissue healing process with the molecules called growth factors they contain . PRP treatment is based on the logic of using the healing function of platelets in structures such as ligaments, tendons, and cartilage.

How is PRP Obtained?

In PRP treatment, the person’s own blood is taken. Platelet cells are separated from the liquid part of the blood using special devices . Thus, the platelet concentration is increased. Platelets are then added back to the cell-free liquid part of the blood called plasma. This fluid, which contains higher platelet than normal, can be injected by the doctor with a needle to a certain area to treat various diseases and injuries.

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In Which Situations Is PRP Applied?

PRP treatment is used in the treatment of various joint injuries, osteoarthritis, ligament and tendon injuries and cartilage damage. It is generally preferred in chronic problems that cannot be healed by physical therapy methods. PRP treatment does not improve with classical physical therapy methods;

  • Elbow pain ( Lateral epicondylitis ,  medial epicondylitis )
  • Ankle pain ( Achilles tendinitis ),
  •  It is an option that can be successful by trying before more invasive methods such as surgery in problems such as knee pain ( calcification , ligament strain,  meniscus damage , etc.).

Since no drugs are used in PRP treatment, only growth factors obtained from the person’s own blood are used, the risk of side effects is much less than other needle treatments.

Correct patient selection is very important for the success of PRP treatment. Another important factor affecting the success rate is the preparation technique of the PRP solution. There are many PRP kits available in the market, but their effectiveness may differ.

How is PRP Applied?

PRP treatment for musculoskeletal problems is performed by physical therapy and rehabilitation or orthopedic specialists. First of all, blood is taken from the arm vein of the patient, which is not different from the normal blood collection procedure. This blood is put into a tube (PRP kit) . The blood is centrifuged with a special device, that is, the cell part is separated from the liquid part by rotating at high speed.

The patient is positioned, the area to be injected is cleaned and the injection is made by the specialist doctor. The injection process takes 1-2 minutes. Depending on the injection site, a slight pain may be felt. After the needle, a slight sensitivity may occur in that area, but severe pain is not expected.

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What Should Be Considered After PRP?

In the first days after the PRP injection, complaints such as pain may increase, but later on, improvement is seen within weeks. The effect is permanent in some patients, and in some cases, several sessions of injection may be required. After PRP treatment;

  • Avoid strenuous activities in that area for a few days.
  • Use supportive splints such as elbow and knee pads for a few weeks.
  • Physical therapy to be applied 1-2 months after PRP treatment increases the rate of recovery.
  • Some doctors may not recommend cold application after injection.
  • The use of pain relievers (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) may impair the effect of the treatment, you can stop these drugs with the advice of your doctor.
  • Consult your doctor in the presence of conditions such as pain, edema more than expected, redness, temperature increase.

Continue Reading: “ How Is Stem Cell Treatment Performed in the Knee? “


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