What is rosacea (rose disease)? Why does it happen? What are the symptoms? Is it a serious situation? In what situations is a doctor’s control required? How is it treated? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

What is rosacea?

Rosacea , also known as rosacea , is a chronic condition that causes inflammation of the skin on the face. Rosacea can occur on the cheeks, chin, forehead, eyelids, and nose. This condition can cause generalized facial redness or a bumpy rash that looks like a pimple .

Rosacea is not a life-threatening disease, but it is chronic. This disease can be controlled with treatment and will worsen if left untreated. The redness of the skin may extend to the back, chest and ears. Rosacea is not the same condition as acne and cannot be treated with over-the-counter acne medications.

Rosacea usually affects people with fair skin and who blush easily. It is more common in women than men, but men have more severe symptoms. The disease usually affects people between the ages of 30 and 50. This condition, also known as rosacea, is one of the most common skin conditions.

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What are the symptoms of rosacea?

The main symptom of rosacea is inflammation of the skin on the face. This rash may start on the nose and cheeks and then gradually spread to other parts of the face or body. While cheek and chin involvement is more common in women, nasal involvement is more common in men.

Common symptoms of rosacea

You may experience the symptoms of gout daily or only once in a while. Sometimes any of these symptoms can be severe. Symptoms include:

  • acne-like rash
  • Blushing
  • bumpy texture on the skin
  • Redness
  • skin thickening
  • Swelling
  • Visible blood vessels

Common symptoms of ocular rosacea

You may experience the symptoms of ocular rosacea every day or only once in a while. Sometimes any of these symptoms can be severe. Symptoms include:

  • Bacterial infection of a sebaceous gland or eyelash follicle at the edge of the eyelid (sty or hordeolum)
  • Irritation of the eyes
  • Eye pain
  • Eye bleeding or redness
  • eyelid swelling

Symptoms that may indicate a serious condition

In some cases, rosacea can be a serious condition that needs immediate evaluation. It is recommended to seek immediate medical attention if you or a loved one has any of these serious symptoms, including:

  • Bacterial infection of a sebaceous gland or eyelash follicle at the edge of the eyelid (sty or hordeolum)
  • Persistent, enlarged tissue in the nose
  • Eye bleeding or redness
  • Skin rashes that may ooze or crust
  • Skin tingling or burning
  • vision changes

What are the causes of rosacea?

The cause of rosacea is unknown. However, certain risk factors have been identified for developing this condition.

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Risk factors

A number of factors increase the risk of rosacea, but not everyone with risk factors will get rosacea. Risk factors for rosacea include:

  • Alcohol
  • Hot drink consumption
  • Environmental triggers (sun, wind, cold)
  • Family history of rosacea
  • Skin care products (especially oil-based products)

reduce risk

Rose disease is not a definitively curable disease, but it can be managed with current treatment and lifestyle changes. Some of these changes include minimizing potential triggers that worsen the condition.

You can reduce your risk of rosacea by:

  • Applying sunscreen daily
  • avoiding excessive sun exposure
  • limiting alcohol intake
  • Limiting hot drink consumption
  • Limiting the consumption of spicy foods
  • reduce stress

How is rosacea treated?

There is no treatment that definitively ends rosacea. As part of your current treatment plan, your doctor will help you identify potential triggers to reduce flare-ups. Your doctor may want you to keep a symptom diary to pinpoint your triggers and identify a pattern for your attacks.

Rose disease flare-ups can be treated with antibiotics and, in severe cases, surgery. If you are experiencing ocular rosacea, your doctor may prescribe an eye medication and suggest washing your eyelids several times a day.

oral antibiotics

Oral antibiotics for rosacea are taken by mouth. The course of treatment is usually determined by the course of symptoms. Possible antibiotics your doctor may prescribe include:

  • Doxycycline
  • Minocycline
  • Tetracycline

topical treatments

Topical (regional) treatments for rosacea are applied directly to the skin and are highly effective for minor flare-ups. Possible topical treatments include:

  • Azelaic acid
  • İzotretinoin
  • Metronidazole
  • A vitamini

Surgical treatment

Surgery is usually appropriate for very severe cases of rosacea. Surgery can be used to reduce redness, remove damaged skin, or electrically destroy damaged tissue. Surgical options include:

  • Dermabrazyon
  • Electric thermostat
  • laser surgery
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Things to do on your own

In addition to reducing your exposure to triggers, you can prevent or limit your attacks by:

  • avoiding over-the-counter treatments that may contain ingredients that can make symptoms worse
  • Seek prompt treatment as untreated rosacea can worsen
  • Adhering to the treatment plan your doctor has designed for you

What are the possible complications for rosacea?

Rose disease is not a life-threatening disease, but it cannot be cured definitively. However, it can be controlled with current treatment and lifestyle changes that reduce disease triggers. The complications of untreated rosacea can be serious. When the skin becomes irritated and inflamed, secondary bacterial infections with the potential to spread can develop. You can help minimize your risk of serious complications by following your treatment plan.

Potential complications of rosacea include:

  • Blepharitis
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Keratit
  • scarring or deformity
  • Secondary bacterial skin infections
  • skin ulceration
  • vision changes

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