What is Urinary Tract Infection in Men?

What is urinary tract infection in men? Why does it happen? What are the symptoms? Do you need to see a doctor? How is it diagnosed? How is the treatment? You can find the answers to all these questions and much more below.

What is urinary tract infection in men, what causes it?

Urinary tract infections involve body parts such as the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra that produce urine and carry it out of the body. Urinary tract infections are generally classified into two types based on their location in the urinary tract:

  1. Lower tract infections: These include cystitis (bladder infection) and urethritis (urethral infection). Lower urinary tract infections are usually caused by intestinal bacteria, which spread from the skin to the urethra and then to the bladder, entering the urinary tract from below and being transmitted. Urethritis can also be caused by sexually transmitted microorganisms such as gonorrhea (gonorrhea) and chlamydia . Another form of urinary tract infection in men is prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate.
  2. Upper tract infections: These include the ureters, kidneys, and pyelonephritis (kidney infection). Upper tract infections usually occur because bacteria travel up the urinary tract from the bladder to the kidney, or because bacteria carried in the bloodstream collect in the kidney.
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Most cases of urinary tract infections occur in women. Relatively few cases of urinary tract infections in men affect young men. In men older than 50 years of age, the prostate gland (a gland near the bottom of the bladder, near the urethra) can become enlarged and block the flow of urine from the bladder. This is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia.

This can prevent the bladder from emptying completely, making it more likely for bacteria to grow and trigger an infection. Cystitis is more common in men who have anal intercourse and those who are not circumcised. Other factors that increase the risk of urinary tract infection include a blockage and unnatural substances caused by partial obstruction of the urethra known as a stricture.

What are the symptoms of urinary tract infection in men?

urinary tract infection in men usually causes one or more of the following symptoms:

  • unusually frequent urination
  • An intense urge to urinate
  • Pain , discomfort, or burning sensation when urinating
  • waking up to urinate
  • Pain, pressure, or tenderness in the bladder area (in the middle of the lower abdomen, below the navel)
  • unusual cases of abduction
  • Urine that looks cloudy or smells bad
  • Fever with or without chills
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • pain in the side or upper back

When should you see a doctor?

You should see a doctor if you have any of the symptoms of a urinary tract infection.

If you’re approaching 50, you should also see a doctor if you notice any of the following:

  • A decrease in the strength of your urine stream
  • difficulty urinating
  • Pain while urinating or after
  • The feeling that you have not completely emptied your urine
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These may be symptoms of an enlarged prostate , a problem that can be treated effectively before it triggers a urinary tract infection .

How is a urinary tract infection in men diagnosed?

Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and previous episodes of urinary tract infection. To fully assess your risk factors, your doctor may ask about your history and sexual history, including your partner’s history of STDs, condom use, multiple partners, and anal intercourse.

Your doctor will diagnose a urinary tract infection based on your symptoms, a physical exam, and the results of lab tests of your urine. In a typical urinary tract infection, your doctor will see both white blood cells (infection-fighting cells) and bacteria when they examine your urine under a microscope. Your doctor will likely send your urine to a lab to identify certain types of bacteria and certain antibiotics that can be used to destroy the bacteria.

In men, a rectal exam will allow your doctor to evaluate the size and shape of the prostate gland. If you are a young man with no signs of an enlarged prostate, your doctor may order additional tests to look for a urinary tract abnormality that increases the chance of infection. This is because urinary tract infections are relatively rare in young men with normal urinary tracts.

Additional tests may include intravenous pyelography, a computed tomography scan that shows the outline of your urinary tract on X-rays, or an ultrasound. In some cases, cystoscopy may also be required. Cystoscopy is an exam that allows your doctor to examine the inside of your bladder using a thin, hollow tube-like instrument.

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How to treat urinary tract infection in men?

Doctors treat urinary tract infections with a variety of antibiotics. The results of lab tests on your urine can help your doctor choose the best antibiotic for your infection.

In general, most uncomplicated subsystem infections will go away completely with five to seven days of treatment. After you’ve finished taking the antibiotics, your doctor may ask for a repeat urine sample to check if the bacteria are gone. If an upper tract infection or prostate infection is diagnosed, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics for three weeks or longer.

Men with severe upper tract infections may require hospitalization and antibiotics given via an intravenous catheter (into a vein). This is especially true when nausea, vomiting and fever increase the risk of dehydration and preclude the use of oral antibiotics.

How to prevent urinary tract infection in men?

Most cases of urinary tract infections in men cannot be prevented. Practicing safe sex using condoms will help prevent sexually transmitted infections.

In men with benign prostatic hypertrophy, cutting out caffeine and alcohol or taking certain prescription medications can help improve urine flow and prevent urine from accumulating in the bladder, reducing the chance of infection.

Many men with a urinary infection due to an enlarged prostate gland need surgery to remove part of the gland. This surgery can help prevent infections as it can improve urine flow.

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