How normal do you think your urine color is? Your urine color and frequency of urination actually gives a lot of information about this condition. Your urine color tells you the status of your hydration level in your body and can even be defined as a sign of potential health problems.
When you are dehydrated, your urine may be light yellow or a light yellow color. In this case, you will notice that your urine has turned a deep amber or light brown. Different pigments in the foods you eat or the medications you drink can be carried into your excretory system and change the color of your urine.
Changes in your urine color may seem insignificant to you, but when you notice these changes, you should definitely go to a doctor.
What is Urine?
Urine is a liquid waste that passes through the urinary tract before leaving the body. It consists of water, salt, electrolytes, and chemicals.
Here are the processes that urine circulates in the body and passes until it is excreted from the body;
- Kidneys: Filter waste and toxins from our blood and produce urine.
- Ureter: carries urine from the kidney to the bladder.
- Bladder: It is the sac where urine is stored.
- Urethra: The urethra, also known as the external urinary canal, is a tubular organ that collects in the urinary bladder and allows the accumulated urine to be thrown out of the body.
When the kidneys, which perform the natural filtration process, do not work properly, toxins can accumulate in the body and this can negatively affect your health.
Urine Color and Its Meanings
The color of your urine can actually tell you a lot about your health and hydration levels. The standard and required urine color is a light yellow color caused by a colorant called urochrome. This substance is a product of protein metabolism and forms the normal and natural yellow pigment in the urine.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: RESEARCHERS STATE THAT MOST OF THE REASON URINE IS ABNORMALLY COLORED IS BENIGN. THE COLOR OF YOUR URINE MAY CHANGE DUE TO SEVERAL FACTORS SUCH AS DIET, MEDICATION, CHANGES IN YOUR HEALTH STATUS, AND THE AMOUNT OF FLUID YOU CONSUME. [ONE*]
The color of your urine can give you an idea of your health and hydration level. Urine color changes depending on how much water you drink. Liquids dilute the yellow pigments in the urine, so the more fluids you drink, the clearer your urine will appear. The color of urine becomes more concentrated when you drink less fluid . Dehydration will cause the urine to be amber in color. However, urine can come in many different colors, including white, red, pink, blue, green, light yellow, dark brown, and cloudy (sparkling) white.
White (Clear) Urine
A white or clear-looking urine indicates that you are consuming more water than you need daily. While it’s good to drink water, too much can deprive your body of electrolytes. If your urine looks clear, there is no reason to panic; however, urine that is always clear can help you understand how much water you’re drinking. If your urine color is very light, reducing the amount of water you drink or reducing it to the required amount may solve the situation.
Normal urine color is a color between light yellow and dark amber. Very pale yellow urine indicates excessive fluid consumption. However, in any liver disease such as hepatitis or liver cirrhosis, diabetes insipidus (pseudo-diabetes) or diabetes mellitus (diabetes) there may be a complaint of light-colored urine. In addition, very light colored urine can also be observed during pregnancy.
Yellowish to Amber Urine Color
Typical urine is pale yellow to amber in color. The urochrome pigment naturally found in your urine is further diluted as you drink water. Urochrome is produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in your body’s red blood cells. In most cases, urine color depends on how diluted this pigment is.
If the amount of B vitamins in your blood is high, your urine may also appear neon yellow.
If your urine is brown, it is an indication that you are not drinking enough water. Brown to dark brown urine can also be caused by certain medications or a buildup of bile in your urine. This can also be an indication of liver problems.
There are some medications that cause dark urine. If you have recently taken these medicines, it is perfectly normal for your urine to be dark:
- “chloroquine” and “primakine”, which are malaria drugs
- The antibiotic drugs “metronidazole” and “nitrofurantoin”
- Laxatives containing “Akdiken” and “Senna”
- Muscle relaxants containing “methocarbamol”
An orange color in your urine can be a sign of dehydration, infection, and liver problems. It can also be a sign of jaundice in adults.Some foods (especially those with food coloring), supplements, and medications can temporarily turn your urine orange.The reason for this situation may also be the consumption of some drugs such as rifampin, doxorubicin, drugs used in chemotherapy such as warfarin and laxatives (relieves constipation). B-complex vitamins and carrot juice also trigger orange-colored urine.
Cloudy urine can be a sign of a urinary tract infection, especially if your urine has a foul odor. Cloudy urine can also be a serious sign of kidney problems, certain diseases such as diabetes and heart disease, sexually transmitted diseases such as Gonorrhea and Chlamydia, and prostate problems. If the color of your urine is constantly cloudy, you should contact your doctor and find out the reasons.
Urine that is red or even pink in color can also be caused by consuming foods that are highly pigmented, such as beets or blueberries. If it’s a rare or one-time occurrence and you notice a reddish color in your urine, review your most recent food intake and pay attention to your meals for a while to determine if that’s the cause. If this happens constantly or frequently, consult a healthcare professional.
Bloody or reddish-colored urine is an indication of many possible conditions, including direct injury to the kidneys. Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane), a drug used in tuberculosis treatments, is a powerful antibiotic. Your urine may turn pink or red in color because of this medicine. On the other hand, the drug Phenazopyridine, which is used to reduce burning, pain and irritation in the urinary tract, also changes the color of urine.
Blue or green urine is rare, but these colors can often be seen from consuming foods containing food coloring. Pigments used in medical tests on the kidneys and bladder can also cause urine to turn blue or green. Bacteria can also cause the urine to turn green. For example , urine may appear green in urinary tract infections caused by Pseudomonas bacteria.
What Causes Dark-Colored Urine?
Dark urine is usually darker in color than light yellow urine. Dark urine can also be of different colors; the most common colors are brown, ocher or burgundy.
The main cause of dark urine is dehydration. In other words, the body is dehydrated because it takes in much less water than it normally should. However, it can be an indication that excess, unusual or potentially dangerous waste toxins are circulating in the body. For example, dark brown urine color may indicate liver disease due to the presence of bile in the urine. If you’re dehydrated, you may have additional symptoms besides dark urine. E.g;
- dry mouth
- Dry skin
There are also health problems that cause dark urine. Changes in the color of your urine may have occurred due to these problems;
- Bile Obstruction
- Bladder Stones
- Bladder Cancer
- Liver Disease
- Kidney Cancer
- Pancreatic Cancer
- Side effects of blood thinning drugs
- Bladder or kidney stones
What Are Urinary Problems and Symptoms?
Many things we experience in our daily life can cause urine color change. Colorless urine that is not caused by foods or medications can be caused by a medical condition that affects urine color. Medical conditions or factors that can affect urine color include:
- Age: Bladder and kidney tumors, which can cause blood in the urine, are more common in older people. Men older than 50 can sometimes have blood in the urine due to an enlarged prostate gland.
- Gender: 50% of women have urinary tract infection. Urinary tract infection also causes blood in the urine. In men, bloody urine is usually caused by problems such as kidney or bladder stones. Studies show that women are 30 times more likely to have urinary tract infections than men. [2nd*]
- Family History: If there is a family history of kidney disease or kidney stones, these conditions are more likely to occur. If you have kidney stones or kidney disease, both of these conditions can lead to blood in your urine.
- Exhausting Exercise: Anyone who does very heavy exercise may experience urinary bleeding. People who do sports that require heavy training, such as long-distance running, are particularly at risk.
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infection occurs as a result of an increase in bacteria in the urinary tract and is quite common. Although urinary tract infection is more common in women; When urinary tract infection occurs in men, it can lead to more serious problems. [3*]
Some signs of infection are:
- Frequent urge to urinate
- cloudy urine
- blood in the urine
- smelly pee
- burning sensation while urinating
Normal urine is sterile. Since it is sterile, there are no viruses, bacteria or fungi in the urine. Infection of the urinary tract causes the deterioration of this sterile structure. This infection occurs as a result of the multiplication of microbes in the digestive system by entering the urinary tract. coli bacillus ( Escherichia coli ) , a bacterium that can be found naturally in the digestive tract, usually causes this infection. Research indicates that it is necessary to increase the consumption of garlic to reduce the risk of urinary tract infections by bacteria. [4*]
Urinary tract infection will first show itself with urine color change. In case of infection, darkening of the urine color and blood are seen.In urinary tract infection, antibiotics are first used to clear bacteria from the urinary tract. However, the drugs to be used and the treatment process may vary from person to person, depending on the degree of urinary tract infection and the type of bacteria causing the infection.
In addition to antibiotic and drug therapy, it may be recommended to increase water consumption to support kidney and urinary tract health. You can take the following precautions to reduce your risk of urinary tract infection:
- Increasing water consumption
- Urinating after sexual intercourse. (Research shows that urinary tract infection in women may be caused by sexual intercourse.) [5*]
- quit the habit of urinating
- Paying attention to post-toilet cleaning (Doing the cleaning from the front to the back)
- Keeping the genital area clean (Especially before and after sexual intercourse, the genital area should be kept clean.)
- Increasing vitamin C consumption
- Avoiding the use of soap in cleaning the genital area
- If using sanitary pads, change it frequently
- Wearing cotton underwear to prevent bacteria from growing
- Taking probiotics (Research shows that increasing the amount of beneficial bacteria in the body reduces the risk of urinary tract infections.) [6*]
- Avoiding wearing tight, tight-fitting clothing to prevent bacteria growth and allow the area to breathe.
Painful Urination (Dysuria)
Dysuria is a medical term for painful urination, burning and discomfort. Studies show that this urination problem can be caused by;
- some soaps
- Urinary tract infection
- vaginal yeast infection
- catching germs during sexual intercourse
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- kidney infection
- Kidney stone
- prostate problems
- urethral inflammation
If you are experiencing prolonged painful urination, it is recommended that you consult a doctor.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: APART FROM SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED SEXUAL DISEASES, THERE ARE ALSO MICROBES, FUNGI AND BACTERIA. FOR THIS REASON, YOU MUST BE PROTECTED DURING SEXUAL INTERCOURSE AND PAY ATTENTION TO YOUR HYGIENE BEFORE AND AFTER SEXUAL INTERCOURSE.
Hesitation in urination means difficulty in starting or maintaining the flow of urine. It is more common in older men with enlarged prostate glands than in other age groups, but it can also be caused by urinary tract infections and other problems.
Some other signs of urinary hesitancy caused by an enlarged prostate or urinary tract infection are a burning sensation during urination, cloudy urine, and a sudden urge to urinate. This urination problem may also be caused by some drugs used, spinal cord problems, spastic muscles in the pelvis and side effects of surgery.
Urinary retention (Glob Vezika) is when you are unable to completely empty the urine from the bladder. The severity of urinary retention varies with acute cases, which include urinary incontinence and chronic problems with bladder emptying.
Research shows that urinary retention can be caused by bladder problems or a blockage that prevents the proper flow of urine.
Urinary Incontinence (Incontinence)
Incontinence occurs when you cannot control urinating. This condition is generally caused by loss of bladder control or weak bladder muscles, but can also be caused by stress.
Urinary incontinence can occur when coughing, laughing too much, or sneezing, and you may experience a very sudden urge to urinate.
Frequent urination is when you feel the need to urinate more than usual. This problem is usually encountered when the bladder muscle contracts involuntarily, a feeling called urgency.
Some factors that cause frequent urination:
- Bladder conditions (such as overactive bladder)
- prostate problems
- kidney conditions
- Urinary tract infection
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Some drugs used
You may also be urinating frequently due to excessive fluid consumption and nervous energy.
How to Keep Your Urinary Tract Healthy
People with urinary tract disorders should regularly clean the bladder by drinking plenty of water. Drinking water will help dilute your urine and urinate more often. Thus, it can be ensured that bacteria are excreted from the urethra through the urinary tract before an infection occurs. In this process, the consumption of herbal teas is one of the best methods of dealing with urinary tract disorders. However, coffee and alcohol consumption should be reduced.
Drink Enough Liquids
Consuming enough water is very important for bladder health. You can keep your urinary tract healthy by drinking a little more water than you normally would and taking other liquid supplements like herbal tea.
It is also extremely important to limit alcohol consumption and reduce the consumption of coffee (or other caffeinated beverages).
Follow a Healthy Diet
Applying a balanced and healthy diet program will ensure that your urinary tract is healthy and will reduce the risk of negative health problems you experience while urinating. An essential part of a healthy diet is avoiding packaged, processed foods and unhealthy foods that contain added sugar. Paying attention to your diet significantly reduces the problems and risks you experience.
Two great foods to include in your diet for urinary tract health are cranberries and garlic. Cranberry juice is a medicinal beverage that drastically reduces the amount of infection within a year, especially for women with chronic urinary tract infections.
Studies show that garlic, another wonderful food, has strong antibacterial properties against bacteria that cause urinary tract infections.
Take Vitamins to Increase Body Resistance
Probiotics used to prevent the progression of urinary tract disorders can help prevent chronic urinary tract infection. According to some studies, cranberries reduce the risk of infection by 50 percent. Finally, vitamin C makes the urine more acidic, which inhibits bacterial growth.
What are the Vitamins and Minerals that Strengthen the Immune System? You Can Watch Our Youtube Video To Learn.
Support Your Digestive System
Our digestive system works to eliminate wastes that are not needed in the body. When you’re constipated, the body isn’t able to excrete these wastes properly, which can affect the health of your urinary tract. Eat high-fiber foods and drink plenty of fluids to prevent constipation.
Regular physical exercise supports the health of your bladder and positively affects your physical health. Even if it’s walking outside or doing yoga at home, you should make an active lifestyle part of your daily routine.
Don’t Hold Your Urine
It is important to urinate when necessary, which should be every three to four hours. If you hold back your urine, your bladder muscles will weaken, increasing the risk of bladder infections. In addition, people who hold their urine for a long time are at a higher risk of developing urinary tract infections. You may also experience a bad odor in your urine, a burning sensation when urinating, and color changes.
Do Kegel Exercises
Kegel exercises are a type of exercise that helps strengthen the pelvic floor muscles that support the function of the urinary tract. These muscles keep the bladder functioning properly.
Kegel exercises can help people with urinary incontinence and women with urinary incontinence during pregnancy.
Urinate After Sex
It is very important to urinate after sexual intercourse to expel potential bacteria and prevent them from entering the urethra. This will help you avoid an infection that is likely to occur in the urinary tract.
Avoid Wearing Tight Clothes
It’s helpful to wear as loose-fitting clothing as possible to help keep the area around your urethra (the end point at which urine is excreted) dry. When pants, jeans, and underwear are tight, moisture builds up in the urinary tract and urethra, leading to the growth of bacteria, fungi, and all kinds of bacteria.
SUMMARY INFORMATION: TO SUPPORT YOUR BLADDER AND URINARY HEALTH, IT IS IMPORTANT TO EAT HEALTHY, EXERCISE REGULARLY, URINATE WHEN NECESSARY, URINATE AFTER SEXUAL INTERCOURSE, WEAR LOOSE CLOTHING, TAKE PROBIOTICS AND STAY HYDRATED.