What is bad breath? What are the causes? Is it a serious situation? When and which doctor should I see? How does it go? What’s good? You can find the answers to all these questions below.
What is bad breath?
Bad breath can happen to almost anyone. But for some people, bad breath or bad breath is a daily problem and they have a hard time finding a solution. About 30% of the population complains of some type of bad breath.
Bad breath or bad breath usually occurs after a garlic meal or after waking up in the morning. Other causes of temporary bad breath include consuming certain beverages (including alcoholic beverages or coffee), tobacco, and tobacco products.
Some people may not be aware of their own bad breath and may experience some degree of discomfort and distress by learning about it from a relative, friend or colleague. In severe cases, bad breath can negatively affect personal relationships and a person’s quality of life.
What causes bad breath?
Bad breath can have different causes. They are usually harmless and can be remedied with thorough dental hygiene. However, there may be serious diseases behind bad breath.
Here are the causes of substance-based bad breath:
1- Mouth and throat problems
In up to 90 percent of all cases, the cause of bad breath lies in the mouth or throat. For example, odor may occur in the mouth during the decomposition of some bacteria or food residues. They can cause inflammation of the gums, various mouth and dental problems and emit a bad odor.
Therefore, brushing your teeth incorrectly is the main cause of bad breath. To prevent this, in addition to using a toothbrush, the spaces between the teeth should be cleaned regularly with dental floss or interdental brushes.
If bad breath persists despite brushing your teeth and even if the dental examination is ineffective, there may be a disease behind the bad breath that should be treated by an internist or ENT doctor.
For example, tonsillitis (swelling), pharynx or sinus infections may be considered. In chronic tonsillitis, there is mouth or breath odor that manifests itself as rotten food. It is caused by bacteria that settle in the deep, small cavities of the tonsils.
Related article: All about tonsillitis (swelling)
3- Diabetes (diabetes)
Bad breath can sometimes indicate an acute illness. A fruity halitosis, technically known as ketone odor, indicates undetected or poorly controlled diabetes.
Related article: All about diabetes
Often this scent helps a patient in the emergency room understand that he or she has insulin-deficient diabetes. The fruity odor can also be the result of an eating disorder or a result of prolonged fasting. In this case, a snack will help to remove bad breath.
4- Kidney and lung disease
Breath that smells of urine or ammonia can be an indication of kidney weakness or even kidney failure. This is due to the excessive content of urea in the body. The kidneys normally excrete these substances in the urine. But when the kidneys stop working properly, harmful things enter the bloodstream and are expelled through the lungs.
Related article: All about acute kidney failure
Lung disorders can sometimes manifest with bad breath. For example, abscesses in the lungs cause a bad odor in the mouth and breath. Although experts suspect lung cancer after a certain stage, such diagnoses are very rare.
5- Stomach ailments
Diabetes and kidney disease are the two diseases most commonly associated with bad breath. The sour odor of stomach ailments is also associated with bad breath and bad breath. Bad breath occurs when health problems, such as inflammation of the esophagus or stomach, cause the release of liquids or foul-smelling gases into the oral cavity.
6- Dry mouth
Dry mouth can occur if you do not produce enough saliva. Saliva helps keep your mouth clean and reduces odor.
Dry mouth can be a problem if you have a salivary gland disorder, sleep with your mouth open, or take certain medications, including those that treat high blood pressure and urinary disorders.
Related article: All about dry mouth
When should I see a doctor for bad breath?
If you are not sure where your bad breath is coming from or if it persists despite the precautions taken, it is a good idea to consult a doctor to ensure yourself. First of all, the doctor you should visit will be an oral and dental health specialist. If he thinks that bad breath or bad breath is caused by other reasons, he will direct you to the relevant physicians.
How is the cause of bad breath diagnosed?
Your doctor will smell your breath and ask you questions about your problem. They may recommend making an appointment in the morning before brushing your teeth.
You can expect to answer questions about how often you brush and floss, the types of food you eat, and any allergies or illnesses you may have. It’s also good to tell your doctor how often you snore, what medications you take, and when the problem started.
To diagnose what is causing your bad breath, your doctor will identify the source of the odor by sniffing your mouth, nose, and tongue.
If there is nothing your family doctor can do, your doctor will recommend that you visit the dentist or different doctors to rule out an underlying disease or condition.
How is bad breath?
Bad breath treatment varies depending on the cause. If bad breath is caused by plaque buildup, dental cleaning may solve the problem. A deep dental cleaning may be necessary if you have periodontal disease.
Treating underlying medical issues such as a sinus infection or kidney disease can also help improve bad breath. If dry mouth is causing your odor problem, your dentist may recommend using an artificial saliva product and drinking plenty of water.
What is good for bad breath?
Here are the things that are good for bad breath:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day after meals with fluoride toothpaste.
- Avoid smoking tobacco and chewing tobacco-based products.
- Before going to bed, rinse your mouth with alcohol-free cleaning products and gargle.
- If you have a dry mouth, make sure you drink enough fluids throughout the day and use over-the-counter moisturizing agents such as dry mouth spray, rinses or moisturizing gel for dry mouth.
- Visit your dentist regularly.
Remember, if bad breath or bad breath persists, there may be a more serious underlying problem. That’s why it’s always best to consult a doctor.