Which Diseases Does Brain Surgery Treat?

Neurosurgeons are doctors who specialize in the non-surgical and surgical care and treatment of disorders of the brain, spine and nervous system. While many assume that neurosurgeons only deal with brain conditions, in reality they have extensive training and expertise in a wide variety of conditions that affect the skull, brain, spine, spinal cord, nerves and blood vessels.

What diseases does neurosurgeon treat?

The following is not a complete list of all conditions neurosurgeons diagnose and treat. But it’s a good starting point to learn more about the common disorders that come under a neurosurgeon’s care.

1. Spinal disorders

The spine contains 26 bones (called vertebrae) stacked on top of each other and supported by discs. Facet joints connect adjacent vertebrae. The spine is responsible for protecting and supporting the spinal cord and nerves that exit the spine and carry messages to the rest of the body. Injury or disease in any part of the spine can cause pain, loss of movement, and nerve damage.

There are multiple injuries and disorders that can develop in the spine. Age-related degeneration, traumatic accidents (falls, car accidents, sports injuries), overuse/repetitive use movements, obesity, incorrect posture, infections, and congenital defects can all contribute to or cause spinal disorders.

Neurosurgeons treat a wide variety of spinal disorders, including complex spinal deformities such as:

  • spinal cord calcification
  • Swollen or herniated discs
  • Spinal stenoz
  • Calcifications/deteriorations on discs
  • spine disorders
  • bone fractures
  • Osteoclasis
  • spinal cancer
  • congenital defects
Read More  Remove stretch marks: 9 measures + 6 tips for prevention

2. Peripheral nerve injuries

The peripheral nervous system carries messages and sensations between the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the rest of the body. Peripheral nerves leave the spinal cord and carry information to the hands, feet, arms, legs, trunk, face, and internal organs. When the peripheral nervous system is damaged or injured, abnormal signaling or disruption of signals can cause pain, weakness, numbness, tingling, altered sensations, and loss of motor skills in the affected area.

Traumatic accidents (falls, fractures, car accidents, sports accidents), overuse or repetitive use, and systemic diseases are common causes of nerve damage.

Neurosurgeons are trained to treat peripheral nerve injuries, including:

  • carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Ulnar nerve compression
  • Peroneal nerve compression
  • tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Brachial plexus injuries
  • Sciatic nerve injuries

3. Neurovascular disorders

Neurovascular disorders are conditions that affect blood flow in the brain and spinal cord. Blood flow may be impaired by narrowed or hardened blood vessels, blockages, or bleeding (bleeding from a ruptured vein). Some neurovascular disorders develop slowly, while others cause sudden, severe and severe symptoms.

Common symptoms of a neurovascular disorder are difficulty walking, loss of coordination and balance, dizziness, confusion, altered mental status, one-sided numbness, weakness or paralysis, speech difficulties, vision and hearing problems, severe headaches , seizures, nausea and vomiting.

Neurosurgeons evaluate, diagnose and treat critical neurovascular conditions, including:

  • Carotid artery stenosis
  • brain aneurysms
  • Transient ischemic attacks
  • brain hematomas
  • brain hemorrhages

4. Tumors

Neurosurgeons specialize in the surgical removal of tumors in the skull, brain, spine, spinal cord, and neurovascular system.

4. Traumatic wounds

Traumatic head, brain, and spine injuries can result from car accidents, falls, sports accidents, and natural disasters.

Read More  What Causes Hot Flashes in Men?

Neurosurgeons have the expertise to perform complex surgical procedures to treat a range of traumatic injuries, including:

  • concussion
  • traumatic brain injuries
  • spinal cord injuries
  • spinal fractures
  • skull fractures
  • brain hemorrhages
  • brain hematomas

In summary

A neurosurgeon can treat spinal disorders, peripheral nerve injuries, neurovascular disorders, tumors, and traumatic conditions such as a blow to the head.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.