Which Diseases Does General Surgery Treat?

General surgeons ; They look for diseases, injuries, and other conditions that affect the abdomen, breasts, digestive system, endocrine system, and skin. They also evaluate biopsies, laboratory tests, and imaging tests as part of treatment. General surgeons can treat people of all ages in a wide variety of ways. Below you will learn about the medical conditions and diseases that general surgery deals with.

What diseases does general surgery treat?

1. Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain occurs anywhere between the breastbone and the groin. Abdominal pains can be stabbing or sharp, short or long-lasting. Causes of abdominal pain include infections, inflammatory conditions, blockages, tumors, and problems with the reproductive organs. Some conditions, such as constipation , resolve spontaneously or with medical treatment. Other times,surgery is needed to resolve the cause of the pain, such as a chemical pregnancy .

2. Diseases of the digestive system

The digestive system processes food, absorbs nutrients, and expels waste. The digestive system includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder. Each of these organs can develop disease. Appendicitis is one of the most common digestive system problems that general surgeons treat. The surgery to remove the appendix is ​​called appendectomy. Other common digestive diseases include reflux disease, ulcers, gastritis, cirrhosis of the liver, pancreatitis and inflammatory bowel disease . Includes inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis , and Crohn’s disease . A general surgical procedure may be required to treat any of these conditions.

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3. Hernia

Hernias occur when internal organs and tissues protrude from weak areas of the muscle. The abdomen is a common place for hernias to appear. This includes the site of a previous surgery, the groin area, the area directly under or near the navel (belly button) and in the middle of the abdomen. Some hernias go away on their own, then reappear and worsen with standing or heavy lifting. Hernias can grow spontaneously over time. For treatment, general surgical surgery may be required to replace the protruding tissue, seal and strengthen the area.

4. Thyroid problems

Your thyroid gland is located at the front of the neck and produces hormones that control metabolism. Thyroid-related problems may also require surgery to be performed by general surgery. Thyroidectomy, or thyroid removal, is surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. The most common reason for thyroidectomy is thyroid cancer. General surgeons also perform this surgery to treat hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland) , goiter (enlarged thyroid gland) , and noncancerous thyroid tumors, nodules, or cysts.

5. Varicose veins

Varicose veins usually form on the legs and appear as raised veins. They occur when the valves inside the veins are weakened or broken, causing blood to pool in the veins. Varicose veins can cause pain, swelling and leg sores. They can also increase the risk of blood clots. Treatment includes raising the legs and wearing a support hose, which improves circulation in the legs. Sclerotherapy (injection of a solution that causes the veins to scar and fade), radiofrequency therapy (use of radiofrequency energy to minimize swollen veins), and laser therapy (which uses laser light to shrink the veins) can improve comfort and appearance.

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As a result

If your doctor recommends general surgery for any health problem or you need emergency surgery, general surgeons may operate on you. Doctors who can perform many surgeries, such as general surgeons, play an important role in medical care.

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