In this article, we will take a brief look at the general symptoms of thyroid diseases and tell you which department/doctor you should go to for possible thyroid problems.
It is difficult to tell if you have thyroid disease without a doctor’s control. But if you have a thyroid problem, you may feel exhausted and tired or have what’s known as “brain fog.” You may also be gaining weight abnormally or experience hair loss. Some people with thyroid problems may feel anxious or experience excessive sweating. These are all common symptoms of thyroid disorders.
The thyroid gland regulates many bodily processes. Women, in particular, are likely to have disorders that affect the function of this essential hormone-producing gland. Recognizing and treating these conditions will help you maintain your health and prevent long-term health problems.
What is the thyroid gland?
The thyroid gland is located in the front of your neck. It has right and left lobes resembling a butterfly. This gland produces hormones that help control your metabolism, which is essentially how your body uses energy. Disorders that affect thyroid function can speed up or slow down metabolic processes, which can lead to a wide variety of symptoms.
Symptoms of thyroid disease
1. Symptoms related to body weight
Changes in weight may indicate an abnormal function of the thyroid gland. Low thyroid hormone levels (hypothyroidism) can cause weight gain, while unexpected weight loss can signal that too much thyroid hormone is being produced ( hyperthyroidism ). Hypothyroidism is much more common than hyperthyroidism.
2. Neck swelling
Neck swelling may indicate thyroid disease. Sometimes the cause of a swollen neck is a disease called a goiter . Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. An enlarged thyroid gland may appear as a swelling in the front of the neck. Different thyroid diseases can cause a medical condition called a goiter. Goiter can sometimes be caused by tumors or nodules that develop within the thyroid.
3. Changes in heart rate
Hormones produced in the thyroid gland affect almost every organ in the body, including the heart. Hypothyroidism can cause the heart to beat more slowly, while hyperthyroidism can cause the heart to beat faster. High thyroid hormone levels can also cause an increase in blood pressure ( high blood pressure ) and a feeling that your heart is pounding (palpitations).
4. Changes in mood
Thyroid disorders can affect emotions, energy, and mood. Hypothyroidism can cause symptoms such as depression, fatigue, and feeling sluggish. Hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, is associated with sleep disturbances, irritability, anxiety disorder , and restlessness. It is important to see a doctor in case of doubt, as such mood states can negatively affect your life.
5. Hair loss
As our hormones are important in many areas of our lives and health, they are also important for our hair. Hair loss is also a common symptom of a thyroid problem. Both very high and very low thyroid hormone levels can cause hair loss and make your hair more brittle. But don’t worry, your hair will typically grow back once the underlying condition is treated.
6. Body temperature
The thyroid gland also affects the regulation of body temperature, so those with hypothyroidism often complain of feeling colder than usual. In contrast, people with hyperthyroidism have excessive sweating and have a very low tolerance for heat. If you’re complaining of being too cold or hot, maybe it’s time to see a doctor.
When to see a doctor for thyroid diseases?
Your doctor may recommend a variety of tests if you have symptoms or risk factors for thyroid disease. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are most common in women over the age of 60, so it’s more important to see a doctor if you’re a woman and your age is advanced. If you have a family history of thyroid disease, your genetic risk of developing thyroid problems increases.
Which department deals with thyroid diseases?
The department that deals with thyroid diseases is the internal medicine polyclinic, also known as internal medicine. If the internist deems necessary, he or she can direct you to the department of endocrinology and metabolic diseases.